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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
Form 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
     
For the fiscal year ended:   Commission file number:
December 31, 2010   001-34365
 
 
 
 
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware
(State of Incorporation)
  41-1990662
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
7800 Walton Parkway
New Albany, Ohio
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
  43054
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(614) 289-5360
 
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Exchange on Which Registered
 
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share
  The NASDAQ Global Select Market
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Schedule 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer þ Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold on June 30, 2010, was $250,578,291.
 
As of March 8, 2011, 28,780,198, shares of Common Stock of the Registrant were outstanding.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Information required by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K are incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for its annual meeting to be held May 12, 2011 (the “2011 Proxy Statement”).
 


 

 
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC.
 
Annual Report on Form 10-K
 
Table of Contents
 
             
        Page
 
  Business     1  
  Risk Factors     19  
  Unresolved Staff Comments     30  
  Properties     30  
  Legal Proceedings     31  
  Reserved     31  
 
PART II
  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     32  
  Selected Financial Data     35  
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     37  
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     51  
  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     53  
  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     98  
  Controls and Procedures     98  
  Other Information     101  
 
PART III
  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     101  
  Executive Compensation     103  
  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     103  
  Certain Relationships, Related Transactions and Director Independence     103  
  Principal Accountant Fees and Services     103  
 
PART IV
  Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules     104  
SIGNATURES     110  
 EX-2.4
 EX-4.6
 EX-12.1
 EX-21.1
 EX-23.1
 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32.1
 EX-32.2


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CERTAIN DEFINITIONS
 
All references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to the “Company,” “Commercial Vehicle Group,” “CVG,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (unless the context otherwise requires).
 
FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
 
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. For this purpose, any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact, including without limitation, certain statements under “Item 1 — Business” and “Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and located elsewhere herein regarding industry outlook, financial covenant compliance, production of new products, plans for capital expenditures and our results of operations or financial position and liquidity, may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, the words “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The important factors discussed in “Item 1A — Risk Factors,” among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements made herein and presented elsewhere by management from time to time. Such forward-looking statements represent management’s current expectations and are inherently uncertain. Investors are warned that actual results may differ from management’s expectations. Additionally, various economic and competitive factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in such forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, factors which are outside our control, such as risks relating to (i) general economic or business conditions affecting the markets in which we serve; (ii) our ability to develop or successfully introduce new products; (iii) risks associated with conducting business in foreign countries and currencies; (iv) increased competition in the heavy-duty truck or construction market; (v) our failure to complete or successfully integrate additional strategic acquisitions; (vi) the impact of changes in governmental regulations on our customers or on our business; (vii) the loss of business from a major customer or the discontinuation of particular commercial vehicle platforms; (viii) our ability to obtain future financing due to changes in the lending markets or our financial position and (ix) our ability to comply with the financial covenants in our revolving credit facility. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by such cautionary statements.


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PART I
 
Item 1.   Business
 
Overview
 
Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc. (a Delaware corporation formed in August 2002) and its subsidiaries, is a leading supplier of fully integrated system solutions for the global commercial vehicle market, including the heavy-duty (Class 8) truck market, the construction, military, bus and agriculture markets and the specialty transportation markets. Our products include static and suspension seat systems, electronic wire harness assemblies, controls and switches, cab structures and components, interior trim systems (including instrument panels, door panels, headliners, cabinetry and floor systems), mirrors and wiper systems specifically designed for applications in commercial vehicles.
 
We are differentiated from suppliers to the automotive industry by our ability to manufacture low volume customized products on a sequenced basis to meet the requirements of our customers. We believe that we have the number one or two position in several of our major markets and that we are one of the only suppliers in the North American commercial vehicle market that can offer complete cab systems, including cab body assemblies, sleeper boxes, seats, interior trim, flooring, wire harnesses, panel assemblies and other structural components. We believe our products are used by a majority of the North American heavy truck original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), which we believe creates an opportunity to cross-sell our products and offer a fully integrated system solution.
 
Demand for our heavy truck products is generally dependent on the number of new heavy truck commercial vehicles manufactured in North America, which in turn is a function of general economic conditions, interest rates, changes in governmental regulations, consumer spending, fuel costs and our customers’ inventory levels and production rates.
 
New heavy truck commercial vehicle demand has historically been cyclical and is particularly sensitive to the industrial sector of the economy, which generates a significant portion of the freight tonnage hauled by commercial vehicles. Production of heavy truck commercial vehicles in North America was strong from 2004 to 2006 due to the broad economic recovery in North America, corresponding growth in the movement of goods, the growing need to replace aging truck fleets and OEMs receiving larger than expected preorders in anticipation of the new EPA emissions standards becoming effective in 2007. During 2007, the demand for North American Class 8 heavy trucks experienced a downturn as a result of preorders in 2006 and general weakness in the North American economy and corresponding decline in the need for commercial vehicles to haul freight tonnage in North America. The demand for new heavy truck commercial vehicles in 2008 was similar to 2007 levels as weakness in the overall North American economy continued to impact production related orders. The overall weakness in the North American economy and credit markets continued to put pressure on the demand for new vehicles in 2009 as reflected in the 42% decline of North American Class 8 production levels from 2008. We believe this general weakness has contributed to the reluctance of trucking companies to invest in new truck fleets. In 2010, North American Class 8 production levels increased approximately 30% over the prior year period. According to a February 2011 report by ACT Research, a publisher of industry market research, North American Class 8 production levels are expected to increase from 154,000 in 2010, peak at 314,000 in 2013 and decline to 226,000 in 2015, which represents a compound annual growth rate of approximately 8%. We believe the increase in demand for new Class 8 vehicles will be driven by several factors, including growth in freight volumes and the replacement of aging vehicles. ACT forecasts that the total U.S. freight composite will increase from 11.6 trillion in 2010 to 14.2 trillion in 2015. ACT estimates that the average age of active U.S. Class 8 trucks is 6.7 years in 2010, the highest average vehicle age over the past decade. As vehicles age, their maintenance costs typically increase. ACT forecasts that the vehicle age will decline as aging fleets are replaced.
 
New commercial vehicle demand in the global construction equipment market generally follows certain economic conditions around the world. Within the construction market, there are two classes of construction equipment, the medium/heavy equipment market (weighing over 12 metric tons) and the light construction equipment market (weighing below 12 metric tons). Demand in the medium/heavy construction equipment market is typically related to the level of larger scale infrastructure development projects such as highways, dams, harbors,


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hospitals, airports and industrial development, as well as activity in the mining, forestry and other raw material based industries. Demand in the light construction equipment market is typically related to certain economic conditions such as the level of housing construction and other smaller-scale developments and projects. Our products are primarily used in the medium/heavy construction equipment markets. Demand in the construction equipment market in 2009 declined significantly from 2008 as a result of the continuing economic downturn in the housing and financial markets. During 2010, the global construction market showed signs of recovery.
 
Industry
 
Within the commercial vehicle industry, we sell our products primarily to the global OEM truck market (approximately 40% of our 2010 revenues), the global construction OEM market (approximately 23% of our 2010 revenues), the military market (approximately 9% of our 2010 revenues) and the aftermarket and OEM service organizations (approximately 14% of our 2010 revenues). The majority of the remaining 14% of our 2010 revenues was derived from other global commercial vehicle and specialty markets.
 
Commercial Vehicle Supply Market Overview
 
Commercial vehicles are used in a wide variety of end markets, including local and long-haul commercial trucking, bus, construction, mining, agricultural, military, general industrial, marine, municipal, recreation and specialty vehicle markets. The commercial vehicle supply industry can generally be separated into two categories: (1) sales to OEMs, in which products are sold in relatively large quantities directly for use by OEMs in new commercial vehicles; and (2) “aftermarket” sales, in which products are sold as replacements in varying quantities to a wide range of OEM service organizations, wholesalers, retailers and installers. In the OEM market, suppliers are generally divided into tiers — “Tier 1” suppliers (like our company), who provide their products directly to OEMs, and “Tier 2” or “Tier 3” suppliers, who sell their products principally to other suppliers for integration into those suppliers’ own product offerings.
 
Our largest end market, the commercial truck industry, is supplied by heavy- and medium-duty commercial vehicle suppliers, as well as automotive suppliers. The commercial vehicle supplier industry is fragmented and comprised of several large companies and many smaller companies. In addition, the commercial vehicle supplier industry is characterized by relatively low production volumes and can have considerable barriers to entry, including the following: (1) significant investment requirements, (2) stringent technical and manufacturing requirements, (3) high transition costs to shift production to new suppliers, (4) just-in-time delivery requirements and (5) strong brand name recognition. Foreign competition can be limited in the commercial vehicle market due to many factors, including the need to be responsive to order changes on short notice and high shipping costs.
 
Although OEM demand for our products is directly correlated with new vehicle production, suppliers like us can also grow by increasing their product content per vehicle through cross selling and bundling of products, further penetrating business with existing customers, gaining new customers and expanding into new geographic markets and by increasing aftermarket sales. We believe that companies with a global presence and advanced technology, engineering, manufacturing and support capabilities, such as our company, are well positioned to take advantage of these opportunities.
 
North American Commercial Truck Market
 
Purchasers of commercial trucks include fleet operators, owner operators and other industrial end users. Commercial vehicles used for local and long-haul commercial trucking are generally classified by gross vehicle weight. Class 8 vehicles are trucks with gross vehicle weight in excess of 33,000 lbs. and Class 5 through 7 vehicles


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are trucks with gross vehicle weight from 16,001 lbs. to 33,000 lbs. The following table shows commercial vehicle production levels from 2001 through 2010 in North America:
 
                                                                                 
    2001     2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009     2010  
    (Thousands of units)  
 
Class 8 heavy trucks
    146       181       182       269       339       376       212       206       118       154  
Class 5-7 light and medium-duty trucks
    189       202       197       235       253       275       206       158       98       118  
                                                                                 
Total
    335       383       379       504       592       651       418       364       216       272  
                                                                                 
 
 
Source: ACT N.A. Commercial Vehicle OUTLOOK (February 2011).
 
The following describes the major markets within the commercial vehicle market in which we compete:
 
Class 8 Truck Market
 
The global Class 8 truck manufacturing market is concentrated in three primary regions: North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific. The global Class 8 truck market is localized in nature due to the following factors: (1) the prohibitive costs of shipping components from one region to another, (2) the high degree of customization of Class 8 trucks to meet the region-specific demands of end-users and (3) the ability to meet just-in-time delivery requirements. According to ACT Research, four companies represented approximately 98% of North American Class 8 truck production in 2010. The percentages of Class 8 production represented by Daimler Trucks, PACCAR, International (Navistar) and Volvo/Mack were approximately 34%, 25%, 23% and 16%, respectively, in 2010. We supply products to all of these OEMs.
 
Production of Class 8 trucks in North America peaked in 1999 and experienced a downturn from 2000 to 2003 that was due to a weak economy, reduced sales following above-normal purchases in advance of new EPA emissions standards that became effective in October 2002, an oversupply of new and used vehicle inventory and lower spending on commercial vehicles and equipment. Following a substantial decline from 1999 to 2001, Class 8 truck unit production increased modestly to approximately 181,000 units in 2002 from approximately 146,000 units in 2001, due primarily to the purchasing of trucks that occurred prior to the October 2002 mandate for more stringent engine emissions requirements. Subsequent to the engine emissions requirements, truck production continued to remain at historically low levels through mid-2003 due to continuing economic weakness and the reluctance of many trucking companies to invest during this period.
 
In mid-2003, evidence of renewed growth emerged and truck tonmiles (number of miles driven multiplied by number of tons transported) began to increase, along with new truck sales. During the second half of 2003, new truck dealer inventories declined and, consequently, OEM truck order backlogs began to increase. According to ACT, monthly truck order rates began increasing significantly from December 2003 through 2005. In 2006, OEMs received larger than expected preorders in anticipation of the new EPA emissions standards becoming effective in 2007. During 2007, 2008 and 2009, the demand for North American Class 8 heavy trucks declined as a result of 2006 preorders, a weakness in the North American economy and corresponding decline in the need for commercial vehicles to haul freight tonnage in North America. In 2010, North American Class 8 production levels increased approximately 30% over the prior-year period. We believe that the increase from 2009 to 2010 was a result of the strengthening in the North American economy and corresponding increase in the need for commercial vehicles to haul freight tonnage in North America. According to ACT, unit production for 2011 is estimated to increase approximately 58% from 2010 levels to approximately 244,000 units.


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The following table illustrates North American Class 8 truck build for the years 1998 to 2015:
 
North American Class 8 Truck Build Rates
(In thousands)
 
(BAR GRAPH)
 
“E” — Estimated
Source: ACT Commercial Vehicle OUTLOOK (February 2011).
 
We believe the following factors are currently driving the North American Class 8 truck market:
 
Economic Conditions.  The North American truck industry is directly influenced by overall economic growth, consumer spending and the ability of our customers to access capital. Since truck OEMs supply the fleet lines of North America, their production levels generally match the demand for freight. The freight carried by these trucks includes consumer goods, machinery, food and beverages, construction equipment and supplies, electronic equipment and a wide variety of other materials. Since most of these items are driven by macroeconomic conditions, the truck industry tends to follow trends of gross domestic product (“GDP”). Generally, given the dependence of North American shippers on trucking as a freight alternative, general economic conditions have been a primary indicator of future truck builds.
 
Truck Freight Growth.  According to ACT’s U.S. freight composite, freight volumes began to recover in 2010. The ACT freight composite is a measure created to estimate the amount of freight hauled by weighting different sectors of the economy for their contribution to overall freight. ACT forecasts that total U.S. freight composite will increase from 11.6 trillion in 2010 to 14.2 trillion in 2015, as summarized in the following graph:
 
Total U.S. Freight Composite
(In billions)
 
(BAR GRAPH)
 
“E” — Estimated
Source: ACT N.A. Commercial Vehicle OUTLOOK (February 2011).


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Truck Replacement Cycle and Fleet Aging.  Since 1998, the average age of active Class 8 trucks has increased from approximately 5.5 years in 1998 to approximately 6.7 years in 2010. The average fleet age tends to run in cycles as freight companies permit their truck fleets to age during periods of lagging demand and then replenish those fleets during periods of increasing demand. Additionally, as truck fleets age, their maintenance costs typically increase. Freight companies must therefore continually evaluate the economics between repair and replacement. Other factors, such as inventory management and the growth in less-than-truckload freight shipping, also tend to increase fleet mileage and, as a result, the truck replacement cycle. The chart below illustrates the average age of active U.S. Class 8 trucks:
 
Average Age of Active U.S. Class 8 Trucks
(In years)
 
(BAR GRAPH)
 
“E” — Estimated
Source: ACT N.A. Commercial Vehicle OUTLOOK (February 2011).
 
Commercial Truck Aftermarket
 
Demand for aftermarket products is driven by the quality of OEM parts, the number of vehicles in operation, the average age of the vehicle fleet, vehicle usage and the average useful life of vehicle parts. Aftermarket sales tend to be at a higher margin, as truck component suppliers are able to leverage their already established fixed cost base and exert moderate pricing power with their replacement parts. The recurring nature of aftermarket revenue provides some insulation to the overall cyclical nature of the industry, as it tends to provide a more stable stream of revenues.
 
Commercial Construction Vehicle Market
 
New commercial vehicle demand in the global construction equipment market generally follows certain economic conditions around the world. Our products are primarily used in the medium/heavy construction equipment market (weighing over 12 metric tons). Demand in the medium/heavy construction equipment market is typically related to the level of larger-scale infrastructure development projects such as highways, dams, harbors, hospitals, airports and industrial development, as well as activity in the mining, forestry and other raw material based industries.
 
Purchasers of medium/heavy construction equipment include construction companies, municipalities, local governments, rental fleet owners, quarrying and mining companies and forestry related industries.


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Military Equipment Market
 
We supply products for heavy- and medium-payload tactical trucks that are used by various military customers. Sales and production of these vehicles can be influenced by overall defense spending both by the U.S. government and foreign governments and the presence of military conflicts and potential military conflicts throughout the world. Demand for these vehicles has increased as a result of the continuing conflict in the Middle East. In addition, demand has increased for remanufacturing and replacement of the large fleet of vehicles that have served in the Middle East due to over-use and new armor and technology requirements.
 
Commercial Vehicle Industry Trends
 
Our performance and growth are directly related to trends in the commercial vehicle market and focus on operator retention, comfort and safety. These commercial vehicle industry trends include the following:
 
Globalization of Suppliers.  Commercial vehicle OEMs manufacture and sell their products in various geographic markets around the world. Having operations in the geographic markets in which OEMs produce their global platforms enables suppliers to meet OEMs’ needs more economically and more efficiently.
 
Shift of Design, Engineering and Research and Development to Suppliers.  OEMs are focusing their efforts on brand development and overall vehicle design, instead of the design of individual vehicle systems. OEMs are increasingly looking to their suppliers to provide suggestions for new products, designs, engineering developments and manufacturing processes. As a result, strategic suppliers are gaining increased access to confidential planning information regarding OEMs’ future vehicle designs and manufacturing processes. Systems and modules increase the importance of strategic suppliers because they generally increase the percentage of vehicle content.
 
Broad Manufacturing Capabilities.  OEMs are seeking suppliers to manufacture systems and products utilizing alternative materials and processes in order to meet their demand for customized styling, performance or cost requirements. In addition, while OEMs seek to differentiate their vehicles through the introduction of innovative features, suppliers are proactively developing new products and manufacturing capabilities and processes to meet OEMs’ requirements.
 
Ongoing Supplier Consolidation.  We believe the worldwide commercial vehicle supply industry is continuing to consolidate as suppliers seek to achieve operating synergies through business combinations, shift production to locations with more flexible labor rules and practices, acquire complementary technologies, build stronger customer relationships and follow their OEM customers as they expand globally. Furthermore, the cost focus of most major OEMs has forced suppliers to reduce costs and improve productivity on an ongoing basis, including economies of scale through consolidation. Financial distress created by the global economic environment in recent years has also impacted the trend in consolidating suppliers.
 
Competitive Strengths
 
We believe that our competitive strengths include, but are not limited to, the following:
 
Leading Market Positions and Brands.  We believe that we are the leading supplier of seating systems and soft interior trim products, a leading non-captive manufacturer of structural components and body systems (which includes cab body assemblies) for the North American commercial vehicle heavy truck market and one of the largest global suppliers of construction vehicle seating systems. Our products are marketed under brand names that are well known by our customers and truck fleet operators based upon the amount of revenue we derive from sales to these markets. These brands include KAB Seatingtm, National Seating, Sprague Devices®, Prutsman, Moto Mirror®, RoadWatch®, Road Scan®, ComforTEKtm, FlameTEKtm and Bostrom Seating®.
 
Comprehensive Cab Product and Cab System Solutions.  We believe that we offer the broadest product range of any commercial vehicle cab system supplier. We manufacture a broad base of products, many of which are critical to the interior and exterior subsystems of a commercial vehicle cab. We also utilize a variety of different processes, such as urethane molding, injection molding, large composite molding, thermoforming and vacuum forming, which enable us to meet each customer’s unique styling and cost requirements. The breadth of our product offering enables us to provide a “one-stop shop” for our customers, which provides us with a substantial opportunity


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for further customer penetration through cross-selling initiatives and by bundling our products to provide complete system solutions.
 
End-User Focused Product Innovation.  We believe that commercial vehicle market OEMs continue to focus on interior and exterior product design, comfort and features to better serve their end-user, the operator, and our customers are seeking suppliers that can provide product innovation. We have a full service engineering and research and development organization to assist OEMs in meeting their needs, which helps enable us to secure content on current platforms and models.
 
Flexible Manufacturing Capabilities.  Because commercial vehicle OEMs permit their customers to select from an extensive menu of cab options, our customers frequently request modified products in low volumes within a limited time frame. We have a highly variable cost structure and can efficiently leverage our flexible manufacturing capabilities to provide low volume, customized products to meet each customer’s styling, cost and just-in-time delivery requirements. We manufacture or assemble our products at facilities in North America, Europe, Asia and Australia.
 
Global Capabilities.  Because many of our customers manufacture and sell their products on a global basis, we believe we have a strong competitive advantage by having dedicated sales, engineering, manufacturing and assembly capabilities on a global basis. We have these capabilities to support our customers in North America, Europe, Asia and Australia.
 
Strong Relationships with Leading Customers and Major Fleets.  Because of our comprehensive product offerings, brand names and innovative product features, we believe we are an important long-term global supplier to many of the leading heavy truck, construction and specialty commercial vehicle manufacturers such as PACCAR, Caterpillar, Volvo/Mack, International (Navistar), Daimler Trucks, Oshkosh Corporation, Deere & Co., Komatsu and Skoda. In addition, through our sales force and engineering teams, we maintain active relationships with the major heavy-duty truck fleet organizations that are end-users of our products such as Yellow Roadway Corp., Swift Transportation, Schneider National and Ryder Leasing. As a result of our high-quality, innovative products, well recognized brand names and customer service, a majority of the largest 100 fleet operators specifically request certain of our products.
 
Significant Barriers to Entry.  We believe we are a leader in providing system solutions and products to long running platforms. Considerable barriers to entry exist, including significant investment and engineering requirements, stringent technical and manufacturing requirements, high transition costs for OEMs to shift production to new suppliers, just-in-time delivery requirements and strong brand name recognition.
 
Proven Management Team.  Our management team is highly respected within the commercial vehicle market, and our five executive officers have a combined average of 29 years of experience in the industry. We believe that our team has substantial depth in critical operational areas and has demonstrated success in reducing costs, integrating business acquisitions, improving processes through cyclical periods and expanding revenue through product, market and customer diversification.
 
Strategy
 
Our primary growth strategies are as follows:
 
Increase Content, Expand Customer Penetration and Leverage System Opportunities.  We are focused on securing additional sales from our existing customer base, and we actively cross-market a diverse portfolio of products to our customers to increase our content on the cabs manufactured by these OEMs. These products include static and suspension seat systems, electronic wire harness assemblies, controls and switches, interior trim systems (including instrument panels, door panels, headliners, cabinetry and floor systems), mirrors and wiper systems specifically designed for applications in commercial vehicles. We have established operations in North America, Europe, Asia and Australia and are aggressively working to secure new business from both existing and new customers on a global basis.
 
Leverage Our New Product Development Capabilities.  We continue to invest in our engineering and research and development capabilities so that we can meet the evolving demands of our customers and end-users.


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As an example, we have also developed and are currently launching a new interior trim material that is self-extinguishing and chemical-resistant, which provides additional safeguards to the operator and passenger. This new interior trim material, FlameTEKtm, also improves HVAC operations, which reduces fuel consumption. This new product is well suited for the military, coach bus, light rail, aviation and marine applications. We believe we will continue to design and develop new products that add or improve content and increase cab comfort and safety.
 
Capitalize on Operating Leverage.  We continuously seek ways to lower costs, enhance product quality, improve manufacturing efficiencies and increase product throughput, and we continue to utilize our Lean Manufacturing and Total Quality Production System (“TQPS”) program philosophy. We believe our ongoing cost saving initiatives, supplier consolidation and sourcing efforts will enable us to continue to lower our manufacturing costs. As a result, we believe we are well positioned to improve our operating margins and capitalize on any volume increases with minimal additional capital expenditures.
 
Grow Sales to the Aftermarket.  While commercial vehicles have a relatively long life, certain components, such as seats, wipers and mirrors, are replaced more frequently. We believe this provides increased opportunities for our aftermarket products as the number of vehicles in operation increases, along with the growing average age of vehicles and the number of miles driven per vehicle. We believe that there are opportunities to leverage our brand recognition to increase our sales to the replacement aftermarket.
 
Pursue Strategic Acquisitions and Continue to Diversify Revenues.  We may selectively pursue complementary strategic acquisitions that allow us to leverage the marketing, engineering and manufacturing strengths of our business and expand our revenues to new and existing customers. The markets in which we operate are fragmented and provide for consolidation opportunities. Our acquisitions have enabled us to become a global supplier with the capability to offer complete cab systems in sequence, integrating interior trim and seats with the cab structure, to provide integrated electronic systems into our cab products and to expand the breadth of our interior systems capabilities. In addition, these acquisitions have allowed us to diversify our revenue base by customer, market, location or product offering.
 
Products
 
We offer OEMs a broad range of products and system solutions for a variety of end market vehicle applications that include local and long-haul commercial trucking, bus, construction, mining, agricultural, military, general industrial, marine, municipal, recreational and specialty vehicle. We believe fleets and OEMs continue to focus on cabs and interiors to differentiate their products and improve operator comfort and retention. Although a portion of our products are sold directly to OEMs as finished components, we also supply “systems” or “subsystems,” which are groups of component parts located throughout the vehicle that operate together to provide a specific vehicle function. Systems currently produced by us include cab bodies, sleeper boxes, seating, interior trim, body panels, storage cabinets, floor covering, mirrors, windshield wipers, headliners, temperature measurement devices and wire harnesses. We classify our products into five general categories: (1) seats and seating systems, (2) electronic wire harnesses and panel assemblies, (3) trim systems and components, (4) cab structures, sleeper boxes, body panels and structural components and (5) mirrors, wipers and controls.
 
See Notes 2 and 12 to our audited consolidated financial statements in Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for information on our significant customer revenues and related receivables, as well as revenues by product category and geographical location.
 
Set forth below is a brief description of our products and their applications:
 
Seats and Seating Systems.  We design, engineer and produce seating systems primarily for heavy trucks in North America and for commercial vehicles used in the construction and agricultural industries through our European, Asian and Australian operations. For the most part, our seats and seating systems are fully-assembled and ready for installation when they are delivered to the OEM. We offer a wide range of seats that include mechanical and air suspension seats, static seats and bus seats. As a result of our strong product design and product technology, we are a leader in designing seats with convenience features and enhanced safety. Seats and seating systems are the


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most complex and highly specialized products of our five product categories. Set forth below is a brief description of our principal products in this category:
 
Heavy Truck Seats.  We produce seats and seating systems for heavy trucks primarily in our North American operations. Our heavy truck seating systems are designed to achieve maximum operator comfort by adding a wide range of manual and power features such as lumbar supports, cushion and back bolsters and leg and thigh supports. Our heavy truck seats are highly specialized based on a variety of different seating options offered in OEM product lines. Our seats are built to customer specifications in low volumes and consequently are produced in numerous combinations with a wide range of price points.
 
We differentiate our seats from our competitors’ seats by focusing on three principal goals: operator comfort, operator retention and decreased workers’ compensation claims. Operators of heavy trucks recognize and are often given the opportunity to specify their choice of seat brands, and we strive to develop strong customer loyalty both with the commercial vehicle OEMs and among operators. We believe that we have superior technology and can offer a unique seat that is ergonomically designed, accommodates a range of operator sizes and absorbs shock to maximize operator comfort.
 
Construction and Other Commercial Vehicle Seats.  We produce seats and seating systems for commercial vehicles used in the global construction and agricultural, bus, military, commercial transport and municipal industries. The principal focus of these seating systems is durability. These seats are ergonomically designed for difficult working environments, to provide comfort and control throughout the range of seats and chairs.
 
Other Seating Products.  We also manufacture office seating products. Our office chair was developed as a result of our experience supplying seats for the heavy truck, agricultural and construction industries and is fully adjustable to maximize comfort at work. Our office chairs are available in a wide variety of colors and fabrics to suit many different office environments, such as emergency services, call centers, receptions, studios, boardrooms and general office.
 
Electronic Wire Harnesses and Panel Assemblies.  We produce a wide range of electronic wire harnesses and electrical distribution systems and related assemblies, as well as panel assemblies used in commercial vehicles and other equipment. Set forth below is a brief description of our principal products in this category.
 
Electronic Wire Harnesses.  We offer a broad range of complex electronic wire harness assemblies that function as the primary current carrying devices used to provide electrical interconnections for gauges, lights, control functions, power circuits and other electronic applications on a commercial vehicle. Our wire harnesses are highly customized to fit specific end-user requirements. We provide our wire harnesses for a wide variety of commercial vehicles, tactical vehicles, specialty trucks, automotive and other specialty applications, including heavy construction and forestry machines and mining trucks.
 
Panel Assemblies.  We assemble large, integrated components such as panel assemblies and cabinets for commercial vehicle OEMs and other heavy equipment manufacturers. The panels and cabinets we assemble are installed in key locations on a vehicle or unit of equipment, are integrated with our wire harness assemblies and provide user control over multiple operational functions and features.
 
Trim Systems and Components.  We design, engineer and produce trim systems and components for the interior cabs of commercial vehicles. Our interior trim products are designed to provide a comfortable interior for the vehicle occupants, as well as a variety of functional and safety features. The wide variety of features that can be selected by the heavy truck customer makes trim systems and components a complex and highly specialized product category. Set forth below is a brief description of our principal products in this category:
 
Trim Products.  Our trim products include A-Pillars, B-Pillars, door panels and interior trim panels. Door panels and interior trim panels consist of several component parts that are attached to a substrate. Specific components include vinyl or cloth-covered appliqués, armrests, map pocket compartments, carpet and sound-reducing insulation. Our products are attractive, lightweight solutions from a traditional cut and sew approach to a contemporary “molded” styling theme. The parts can be color matched or top good wrapped to integrate seamlessly with the rest of the interior.


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Instrument Panels.  We produce and assemble instrument panels that can be integrated with the rest of the interior trim. The instrument panel is a complex system of coverings and foam, plastic and metal parts designed to house various components and act as a safety device for the vehicle occupant.
 
Body Panels (Headliners/Wall Panels).  Headliners consist of a substrate and a finished interior layer made of fabrics and other materials. While headliners are an important contributor to interior aesthetics, they also provide insulation from road noise and can serve as carriers for a variety of other components, such as visors, overhead consoles, grab handles, coat hooks, electrical wiring, speakers, lighting and other electronic and electrical products. As the amount of electronic and electrical content available in vehicles has increased, headliners have emerged as an important carrier of electronic features such as lighting systems.
 
Storage Systems.  Our modular storage units and custom cabinetry are designed to improve comfort and convenience for the operator. These storage systems are designed to be integrated with the interior trim. These units may be easily expanded and customized with features that include refrigerators, sinks and water reservoirs. Our storage systems are constructed with durable materials and designed to last the life of the vehicle.
 
Floor Covering Systems.  We have an extensive and comprehensive portfolio of floor covering systems and dash insulators. Carpet flooring systems generally consist of tufted or non-woven carpet with a thermoplastic backcoating which, when heated, allows the carpet to be fitted precisely to the interior or trunk compartment of the vehicle. Additional insulation materials are added to minimize noise, vibration and harshness. Non-carpeted flooring systems, used primarily in commercial and fleet vehicles, offer improved wear and maintenance characteristics. The dash insulator separates the passenger compartment from the engine compartment and prevents engine noise and heat from entering the passenger compartment.
 
Sleeper Bunks.  We offer a wide array of design choices for upper and lower sleeper bunks for heavy trucks. All parts of our sleeper bunks can be integrated to match the rest of the interior trim. Our sleeper bunks arrive at OEMs fully assembled and ready for installation.
 
Grab Handles and Armrests.  Our grab handles and armrests are designed and engineered with specific attention to aesthetics, ergonomics and strength. Our products use a wide range of inserts and substrates for structural integrity. The integral urethane skin offers a soft touch and can be in-mold coated to specific colors.
 
Privacy Curtains.  We produce privacy curtains for use in sleeper cabs. Our privacy curtains include features such as integrated color matching of both sides of the curtain, choice of cloth or vinyl, full “black out” features and low-weight.
 
Cab Structures, Sleeper Boxes, Body Panels and Structural Components.  We design, engineer and produce complete cab structures, sleeper boxes, body panels and structural components for the commercial vehicle industry in North America. Set forth below is a description of our principal products in this category:
 
Cab Structures.  We design, manufacture and assemble complete cab structures used primarily in heavy trucks for major commercial vehicle OEMs in North America. Our cab structures, which are manufactured from both steel and aluminum, are delivered to our customers fully assembled and primed for paint. Our cab structures are built to order based upon options selected by the vehicles’ end-users and delivered to the OEMs, in line sequence, as these end-users’ trucks are manufactured by the OEMs.
 
Sleeper Boxes.  We design, manufacture and assemble sleeper boxes primarily for heavy trucks in North America. We manufacture both integrated sleeper boxes that are part of the overall cab structure, as well as standalone assemblies depending on the customer application. Sleeper boxes are typically constructed using aluminum exterior panels in combination with steel structural components delivered to our customers in line sequence after the final seal and E-coat process.
 
Bumper Fascias and Fender Liners.  Our highly durable, lightweight bumper fascias and fender liners are capable of withstanding repeated impacts that could deform an aluminum or steel bumper. We utilize a production technique that chemically bonds a layer of paint to the part after it has been molded, thereby enabling the part to keep its appearance even after repeated impacts.


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Body Panels and Structural Components.  We produce a wide range of both steel and aluminum large exterior body panels and structural components for the internal production of our cab structures and sleeper boxes, as well as being sold externally to certain commercial vehicle OEMs.
 
Mirrors, Wipers and Controls.  We design, engineer and produce a wide range of mirrors, wipers and controls used in commercial vehicles. Set forth below is a brief description of our principal products in this category:
 
Mirrors.  We offer a wide range of round, rectangular, motorized and heated mirrors and related hardware, including brackets, braces and side bars. Most of our mirror designs utilize stainless steel body, fasteners and support braces to ensure durability. We have introduced both road and outside temperature devices that are integrated into the mirror face or the vehicle’s dashboard through our RoadWatchtm family of products. These systems are principally utilized by municipalities throughout North America to monitor surface temperatures and assist them in dispersing chemicals for snow and ice removal.
 
Windshield Wiper Systems.  We offer application-specific windshield wiper systems and individual windshield wiper components for the commercial vehicle market. Our windshield wiper systems are generally delivered to the OEM fully assembled and ready for installation. A windshield wiper system is typically composed of an electric motor, linkages, arms, wiper blades, washer reservoirs and related pneumatic or electric pumps.
 
Controls.  We offer a range of controls and control systems for window lifts, door locks, HVAC controls and electric switch products.
 
Manufacturing
 
A description of the manufacturing processes we utilize for each of our principal product categories is set forth below:
 
  •  Seats and Seating Systems.  Our seating operations utilize a variety of manufacturing techniques whereby foam and various other components along with fabric, vinyl or leather are affixed to an underlying seat frame. We also manufacture and assemble the seat frame, which involves complex welding. Generally, we utilize outside suppliers to produce the individual components used to assemble the seat frame.
 
  •  Electronic Wire Harnesses and Panel Assemblies.  We utilize several manufacturing techniques to produce the majority of our electronic wire harnesses and panel assemblies. Our processes, both manual and automated, are designed to produce complex, low- to medium-volume wire harnesses and panel assemblies in short time frames. Our wire harnesses and panel assemblies are both electronically and hand tested.
 
  •  Trim Systems and Components.  Our interior systems process capabilities include injection molding, low-pressure injection molding, urethane molding and foaming processes, compression molding, heavy-gauge thermoforming and vacuum forming, as well as various cutting, sewing, trimming and finishing methods.
 
  •  Cab Structures, Sleeper Boxes, Body Panels and Structural Components.  We utilize a wide range of manufacturing processes to produce the majority of the steel and aluminum stampings used in our cab structures, sleeper boxes, body panels and structural components and a variety of both robotic and manual welding techniques in the assembly of these products. In addition, we have facilities with large capacity, fully automated E-coat paint priming systems allowing us to provide our customers with a paint-ready cab product. Due to their high cost, full body E-coat systems, such as ours, are rarely found outside of the manufacturing operations of the major OEMs. We also have large press lines which provide us with the in-house manufacturing flexibility for both aluminum and steel stampings delivered just-in-time to our cab assembly plants.
 
  •  Mirrors, Wipers and Controls.  We manufacture our mirrors, wipers and controls utilizing a variety of manufacturing processes and techniques. Our mirrors, wipers and controls are primarily hand assembled, tested and packaged.
 
We have a broad array of processes to offer our commercial vehicle OEM customers to enable us to meet their styling and cost requirements. The vehicle cab is the most significant and appealing aspect to the operator of the


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vehicle, and consequently each commercial vehicle OEM has unique requirements as to feel, appearance and features.
 
The end markets for our products are highly specialized and our customers frequently request modified products in low volumes within an expedited delivery timeframe. As a result, we primarily utilize flexible manufacturing cells at the vast majority of our production facilities. Manufacturing cells are clusters of individual manufacturing operations and work stations grouped in a circular configuration, with the operators placed centrally within the configuration. This provides flexibility by allowing efficient changes to the number of operations each operator performs. When compared to the more traditional, less flexible assembly line process, cell manufacturing allows us to maintain our product output consistent with our OEM customers’ requirements and reduce the level of inventory.
 
When an end-user buys a commercial vehicle, the end-user will specify the seat and other features for that vehicle. Because each of our seating systems is unique, our manufacturing facilities have significant complexity which we manage by building in sequence. We build our seating systems as orders are received, and systems are delivered to the customer’s rack in the sequence in which vehicles come down the assembly line. We have systems in place that allow us to provide complete customized interior kits in boxes that are delivered in sequence, and we intend to expand upon these systems such that we will be able to provide, in sequence, fully integrated modular systems combining the cab body and interior and seating systems.
 
In many instances, we keep track of our build sequence by product identification numbers and components are identified by bar code. Sequencing reduces our cost of production because it eliminates warehousing costs and reduces waste and obsolescence, offsetting any increased labor costs. Several of our manufacturing facilities are strategically located near our customers’ assembly plants, which facilitates this process and minimizes shipping costs.
 
We employ just-in-time manufacturing and system sourcing in our operations to meet customer requirements for faster deliveries and to minimize our need to carry significant inventory levels. We utilize material systems to manage inventory levels and, in certain locations, we have inventory delivered as often as two times per day from a nearby facility based on the previous day’s order. This eliminates the need to carry excess inventory at our facilities.
 
Within our cyclical industry, we strive to manage down cycles by running our facilities at capacity while maintaining the capability and flexibility to expand. We have plans to work with our employees and rely on their involvement to help minimize problems and re-align our capacity during fluctuating periods of increased or decreased production levels to achieve on-time delivery.
 
As a means to continuously enhance our operations, we utilize the TQPS philosophy throughout our operations. TQPS is our customized version of Lean Manufacturing and consists of a 32 hour interactive class that is taught by members of our management team. TQPS is an analytical process in which we analyze each of our manufacturing cells and identify the most efficient process to improve efficiency and quality. The goal is to achieve total cost management and continuous improvement. Some examples of TQPS-related improvements are: reduced labor to move parts around the facility, clear walking paths in and around manufacturing cells and increased safety. An ongoing goal is to reduce the time employees spend waiting for materials within a facility. In an effort to increase operational efficiency, improve product quality and provide additional capacity, we intend to continue to implement TQPS improvements at each of our manufacturing facilities.
 
Raw Materials and Suppliers
 
A description of the principal raw materials we utilize for each of our principal product categories is set forth below:
 
  •  Seats and Seating Systems.  The principal raw materials used in our seat systems include steel, aluminum and foam related products and are generally readily available and obtained from multiple suppliers under various supply agreements. Leather, vinyl, fabric and certain components are also purchased from multiple suppliers under supply agreements. Typically, our supply agreements are for a term of at least one year and are terminable by us for breach or convenience.


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  •  Electronic Wire Harnesses and Panel Assemblies.  The principal raw materials used to manufacture our electronic wire harnesses are cable, connectors, terminals, switches, relays and various covering techniques involving braided yarn, braided copper, slit and non-slit conduit and foam molded via the reaction injection molding process. These raw materials are obtained from multiple suppliers and are generally readily available.
 
  •  Trim Systems and Components.  The principal raw materials used in our interior systems processes are resin and chemical products, foam, vinyl and fabric which are formed and assembled into end products. These raw materials are obtained from multiple suppliers, typically under supply agreements which are for a term of typically one year or more and terminable by us for breach or convenience.
 
  •  Cab Structures, Sleeper Boxes, Body Panels and Structural Components.  The principal raw materials used in our cab structures, sleeper boxes, body panels and structural components are steel and aluminum, the majority of which we purchase in sheets and stamp at our Shadyside, Ohio facility. These raw materials are generally readily available and obtained from several suppliers, typically under purchase contracts which fix price and supply for up to one year.
 
  •  Mirrors, Wipers and Controls.  The principal raw materials used to manufacture our mirrors, wipers and controls are steel, stainless steel and rubber, which are generally readily available and obtained from multiple suppliers. We also purchase sub-assembled products such as motors for our wiper systems and mirrors.
 
Our supply agreements generally provide for fixed pricing but do not require us to purchase any specified quantities. We have not experienced any significant shortages of raw materials and normally do not carry inventories of raw materials or finished products in excess of those reasonably required to meet production and shipping schedules, as well as service requirements. Steel, aluminum, petroleum-based products, copper, resin, foam, fabrics, wire and wire components comprise the most significant portion of our raw material costs. We typically purchase steel, copper and petroleum-based products at market prices that are fixed over varying periods of time less than a year. Due to the volatility in pricing over the last several years, we are using tools such as market index pricing and live auctions to assist in reducing our overall cost. We continue to closely align our customer pricing and material costs to minimize the impact of steel, copper and petrochemical price fluctuations. Certain component purchases and suppliers are directed by our customers, so we generally will pass through directly to the customer any cost changes from these components. We do not believe we are dependent on a single supplier or limited group of suppliers for our raw materials.
 
Customers and Marketing
 
We sell our products principally to the commercial vehicle OEM truck and construction markets. Approximately 40% and 23% of our 2010 revenues and approximately 48% and 15% of our 2009 revenues were derived from sales to commercial vehicle truck and construction OEMs, respectively, with the remainder of our revenues being generated principally from sales to the military and aftermarket and OEM service markets.
 
The following is a summary of our significant revenues by end market based on final destination customers and markets for each of the three years ended December 31:
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Heavy Truck OEM
    40 %     48 %     44 %
Construction
    23       15       24  
Aftermarket and OEM Service
    14       14       12  
Military
    9       10       8  
Bus
    3       4       3  
Agriculture
    1       1       1  
Other
    10       8       8  
                         
Total
    100 %     100 %     100 %
                         


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Our principal customers include PACCAR, Caterpillar, Volvo/Mack, International (Navistar), Daimler Trucks, Oshkosh Corporation, Deere & Co., Komatsu and Skoda. We believe we are an important long-term supplier to all of our customers because of our comprehensive product offerings, leading brand names and product innovation.
 
The following is a summary of our significant revenues based on final destination customers and markets by OEM customer for the three years ended December 31:
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
PACCAR
    12 %     14 %     12 %
Caterpillar
    12       7       11  
Volvo / Mack
    11       10       10  
International (Navistar)
    11       16       15  
Daimler Trucks
    11       9       11  
Oshkosh Corporation
    8       8       5  
Deere & Co. 
    3       2       2  
Komatsu
    3       2       3  
Skoda
    2       2       1  
Other
    27       30       30  
                         
Total
    100 %     100 %     100 %
 
Except as set forth in the above table, no other customer accounted for more than 10% of our revenues for the three years ended December 31, 2010.
 
Our European, Chinese, Australian and Mexican operations collectively contributed approximately 26%, 20%, and 26% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The change in revenue by geographic location in 2010 is primarily related to the impact of the economic conditions in these regions of the world and its related impact on end market demand.
 
Our OEM customers generally source business to us pursuant to written contracts, purchase orders or other firm commitments in terms of price, quality, technology and delivery. Awarded business generally covers the supply of all or a portion of a customer’s production and service requirements for a particular product program rather than the supply of a specific quantity of products. In general, these contracts, purchase orders and commitments provide that the customer can terminate the contract, purchase order or commitment if we do not meet specified quality, delivery and cost requirements. Such contracts, purchase orders or other firm commitments generally extend for the entire life of a platform, which is typically five to seven years. Although these contracts, purchase orders or other commitments may be terminated at any time by our customers (but not by us), such terminations have been minimal and have not had a material impact on our results of operations. In order to reduce our reliance on any one vehicle model, we produce products for a broad cross-section of both new and more established models.
 
Our contracts with our major OEM customers generally may provide for an annual productivity cost reduction. These productivity cost reductions are generally calculated on an annual basis as a percentage of the previous year’s purchases by each customer. The reduction is achieved through engineering changes, material cost reductions, logistics savings, reductions in packaging cost and labor efficiencies. Historically, most of these cost reductions have been offset by both internal reductions and through the assistance of our supply base, although no assurances can be given that we will be able to achieve such reductions in the future. If the annual productivity cost reduction targets are not achieved, the difference is recovered through price reductions. Our cost structure consists of a high percentage of variable costs that provides us with additional flexibility during economic cycles.
 
Our sales and marketing efforts with respect to our OEM sales are designed to create overall awareness of our engineering, design and manufacturing capabilities and to enable us to be selected to supply products for new and redesigned models by our OEM customers. Our sales and marketing staff works closely with our design and engineering personnel to prepare the materials used for bidding on new business, as well as to provide a consistent interface between us and our key customers. We currently have sales and marketing personnel located in every major region in which we operate. From time to time, we also participate in industry trade shows and advertise in


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industry publications. One of our ongoing initiatives is to negotiate and enter into long-term supply agreements with our existing customers that allow us to leverage all of our products to our commercial vehicle OEM customers.
 
Our principal customers for our aftermarket sales include OEM dealers and independent wholesale distributors. Our sales and marketing efforts for our aftermarket sales are focused on support of these two distribution chains, as well as direct contact with major fleets.
 
Backlog
 
We do not generally obtain long-term, firm purchase orders from our customers. Rather, our customers typically place annual blanket purchase orders, but these orders do not obligate them to purchase any specific or minimum amount of products from us until a release is issued by the customer under the blanket purchase order. Releases are typically placed within 30 to 90 days of required delivery and may be canceled at any time, in which case the customer would be liable for work in process and finished goods. We do not believe that our backlog of expected product sales covered by firm purchase orders is a meaningful indicator of future sales since orders may be rescheduled or canceled.
 
Competition
 
Within each of our principal product categories, we compete with a variety of independent suppliers and with OEMs’ in-house operations, primarily on the basis of price, breadth of product offerings, product quality, technical expertise, development capability, product delivery and product service. We believe we are one of the only suppliers in the North American commercial vehicle market that can offer complete cab systems in sequence integrating interior systems (including seats, interior trim and flooring systems), mirrors and wire harnesses with the cab structure. A summary of our estimated market position and primary independent competitors is set forth below:
 
Seats and Seating Systems.  We believe that we have the number one market position in North America supplying seats and seating systems to the commercial vehicle heavy truck market. We also believe that we have the number one market position in supplying seats and seating systems to commercial vehicles used in the medium/heavy construction equipment industry on a worldwide basis. Our primary independent competitors in the North American commercial vehicle market include Sears Manufacturing Company, Grammer AG and Seats, Inc., and our primary competitors in the European commercial vehicle market include Grammer AG and Isringhausen.
 
Electronic Wire Harnesses and Panel Assemblies.  We believe that we are a leading supplier of low- to medium-volume complex, electronic wire harnesses and related assemblies used in the global heavy equipment, commercial vehicle, heavy truck and specialty and military vehicle markets. Our principal competitors for electronic wire harnesses include large diversified suppliers such as AEES (Alcoa Electronic and Electrical Systems), Delphi, Forschner, Leoni, Nexans, PKC, Stoneridge, Sumitomo and Yazaki, smaller independent companies such as Fargo Assembly, St. Clair Technologies and Unlimited Services.
 
Trim Systems and Components.  We believe that we have the number one market position in the North American commercial vehicle heavy truck market with respect to our soft interior trim products and a leading presence in the hard interior trim market. We face competition from a number of different competitors with respect to each of our trim system products and components. Overall, our primary independent competitors are ConMet, Inteva, Wilbur, Superior, Trim Masters, Inc., Blachford Ltd. and Magna.
 
Cab Structures, Sleeper Boxes, Body Panels and Structural Components.  We believe we are a leading non-captive supplier in the North American commercial vehicle heavy truck market with respect to our cab structural components, cab structures, sleeper boxes and body panels. Our principal competitors are Magna, Ogihara Corporation, Spartanburg Stamping, Able Body and Defiance Metal Products.
 
Mirrors, Wipers and Controls.  We believe that we are a leading supplier in the North American commercial vehicle heavy truck market with respect to our windshield wiper systems and mirrors. We face competition from a number of different competitors with respect to each of our principal products in this category. Our principal competitors for mirrors are Hadley, Lang-Mekra and Trucklite, and our principal competitors for windshield wiper systems are Doga, Trico, Valeo and Wexco.


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Research and Development
 
We believe our state-of-the-art research and development center enables us to offer superior quality and technologically advanced products to our customers at competitive prices. From concept to prototyping to production, we offer our customers complete integrated design, prototype and evaluation services that are necessary in today’s demanding markets. With state-of-the-art laboratories for virtual driving, acoustics, thermal efficiency, benchmarking, multi-axis durability, biomechanics, comfort, prototyping and process prove-out, we design complete integrated solutions for the end-user, the fleet manager and the OEM.
 
We engage in ongoing engineering and research and development activities that improve the reliability, performance and cost-effectiveness of our existing products and to design and develop new products for existing and new applications.
 
We generally work with our customers’ engineering and development teams at the beginning of the concept design process for new components and assemblies, or the redesign process for existing components and assemblies, in order to maximize production efficiency and quality. These processes may take place from one to three years prior to the commencement of production. On average, the development time for a new component takes between 12 and 24 months during the design phase, while the re-engineering of an existing part may take between one and six months. Early design involvement can result in a product that meets or exceeds the customer’s design and performance requirements and is more efficient to manufacture. In addition, our extensive involvement enhances our position for bidding on such business. We work aggressively to ensure that our quality and delivery metrics distinguish us from our competitors.
 
We focus on bringing our customers integrated products that have superior content, comfort and safety. Consistent with our value-added engineering focus, we place a large emphasis on the relationships with the engineering departments of our customers. These relationships not only help us to identify new business opportunities but also enable us to compete based on the quality of our products and services, rather than exclusively on price.
 
We are currently involved in the design stage of several products for our customers and expect to begin production of these products in the years 2011 to 2014.
 
Intellectual Property
 
We consider ourselves to be a leader in both product and process technology, and, therefore, protection of intellectual property is important to our business. Our principal intellectual property consists of product and process technology, a limited number of U.S. and foreign patents, trade secrets, trademarks and copyrights. Although our intellectual property is important to our business operations and in the aggregate constitutes a valuable asset, we do not believe that any single patent, trade secret, trademark or copyright, or group of patents, trade secrets, trademarks or copyrights is critical to the success of our business. Our policy is to seek statutory protection for all significant intellectual property embodied in patents, trademarks and copyrights.
 
We market our products under brand names that include KAB Seatingtm, National Seating, Sprague Devices®, Prutsman, Moto Mirror®, RoadWatch®, Road Scan®, ComforTEKtm, FlameTEKtm and Bostrom Seating®. We believe that our brands are valuable and are increasing in value with the growth of our business, but that our business is not dependent on such brands. We own U.S. federal trademark registrations for several of our brands.
 
Seasonality
 
OEMs’ production requirements can fluctuate as the demand for new vehicles softens during the holiday seasons in North America, Europe and Asia as OEM manufacturers generally close their production facilities at various times during the year.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2010, we had approximately 5,430 permanent employees, of whom approximately 16% were salaried and the remainder were hourly. As of December 31, 2010, approximately 53% of the employees in our


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North American operations were unionized, and approximately 53% of our employees at our European, Asian and Australian operations were represented by shop steward committees. We did not experience any material strikes, lockouts or work stoppages during 2010 and consider our relationship with our employees to be satisfactory. On an as-needed basis during peak periods, contract and temporary employees are utilized. During periods of weak demand, we respond to reduced volumes through flexible scheduling, furloughs and reductions in force as necessary.
 
Environmental Matters
 
We are subject to foreign, federal, state and local laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment and occupational health and safety, including laws regulating air emissions, wastewater discharges, and the generation, storage, handling, use and transportation of hazardous materials; the emission and discharge of hazardous materials into the soil, ground or air; and the health and safety of our colleagues. We are also required to obtain permits from governmental authorities for certain of our operations. We cannot assure you that we are, or have been, in complete compliance with such environment and safety laws, regulations and permits. If we violate or fail to comply with these laws, regulations or permits, we could be fined or otherwise sanctioned by regulators. In some instances, such a fine or sanction could have a material adverse effect on us. We are also subject to laws imposing liability for the cleanup of contaminated property. Under these laws, we could be held liable for costs and damages relating to contamination at our past or present facilities and at third-party sites to which we sent waste containing hazardous substances. The amount of such liability could be material.
 
Several of our facilities are either certified as, or are in the process of being certified as, ISO 9001, 14000 or 14001 (the international environmental management standard) compliant or are developing similar environmental management systems. Although we have made, and will continue to make, capital expenditures to implement such environmental programs and comply with environmental requirements, we do not expect to make material capital expenditures for environmental controls in the remainder of 2011 or in 2012. The environmental laws to which we are subject have become more stringent over time, and we could incur material costs or expenses in the future to comply with environmental laws.
 
Certain of our operations generate hazardous substances and wastes. If a release of such substances or wastes occurs at or from our properties, or at or from any offsite disposal location to which substances or wastes from our current or former operations were taken, or if contamination is discovered at any of our current or former properties, we may be held liable for the costs of cleanup and for any other response by governmental authorities or private parties, together with any associated fines, penalties or damages. In most jurisdictions, this liability would arise whether or not we had complied with environmental laws governing the handling of hazardous substances or wastes.
 
Government Regulations
 
Although the products we manufacture and supply to commercial vehicle OEMs are not subject to significant government regulation, our business is indirectly impacted by the extensive governmental regulation applicable to commercial vehicle OEMs. These regulations primarily relate to emissions and noise standards imposed by the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), state regulatory agencies, such as the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”), and other regulatory agencies around the world. Commercial vehicle OEMs are also subject to the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act and Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards promulgated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Changes in emission standards and other proposed governmental regulations could impact the demand for commercial vehicles and, as a result, indirectly impact our operations. For example, new emission standards governing heavy-duty (Class 8) diesel engines that went into effect in the U.S. on October 1, 2002 and January 1, 2007 resulted in significant purchases of new trucks by fleet operators prior to such date and reduced short term demand for such trucks in periods immediately following such date.
 
Available Information
 
We maintain a website on the Internet at www.cvgrp.com. We make available free of charge through our website, by way of a hyperlink to a third-party Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) filing website, our Annual


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Reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports electronically filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934. Such information is available as soon as such reports are filed with the SEC. Additionally, our Code of Ethics may be accessed within the Investor Relations section of our website. Information found on our website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or any other report filed with the SEC.
 
Executive Officers of Registrant
 
The following table sets forth certain information with respect to our executive officers as of March 8, 2011:
 
             
Name
 
Age
 
Principal Position(s)
 
Gerald L. Armstrong
    49     Executive Vice President and President & General Manager of Cab Systems
W. Gordon Boyd
    63     Executive Vice President and President of Seating Systems
Mervin Dunn
    57     President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
Kevin R.L. Frailey
    44     Executive Vice President and President & General Manager of Electrical Systems
Chad M. Utrup
    38     Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary
 
The following biographies describe the business experience of our executive officers:
 
Gerald L. Armstrong has served as President and General Manager of Cab Systems since December 2008 and as Executive Vice President since March 2011. From November 2006 to December 2008, Mr. Armstrong served as President — CVG Global Truck. From April 2004 to November 2006, Mr. Armstrong served as President — CVG Americas and from July 2002 to April 2004 as Vice President and General Manager of National Seating and KAB North America. Prior to joining us, Mr. Armstrong served from 1995 to 2000 and from 2000 to July 2002 as Vice President and General Manager, respectively, of Gabriel Ride Control Products, a manufacturer of shock absorbers and related ride control products for the automotive and light truck markets, and a wholly-owned subsidiary of ArvinMeritor Inc. Mr. Armstrong began his service with ArvinMeritor Inc., a manufacturer of automotive and commercial vehicle components, modules and systems in 1987, and served in various positions of increasing responsibility within its light vehicle original equipment and aftermarket divisions before starting at Gabriel Ride Control Products. Prior to 1987, Mr. Armstrong held various positions of increasing responsibility including Quality Engineer and Senior Quality Supervisor and Quality Manager with Schlumberger Industries and Hyster Corporation.
 
W. Gordon Boyd has served as President of Seating Systems since January 2010 and as Executive Vice President since March 2011. From December 2008 to January 2010, Mr. Boyd served as Senior Advisor to the Chief Executive Officer. From November 2006 to December 2008, Mr. Boyd served as President — CVG Global Construction. From June 2005 to November 2006, Mr. Boyd served as President — CVG International and prior thereto served as our President — Mayflower Vehicle Systems from the time we completed the acquisition of Mayflower in February 2005. Mr. Boyd joined Mayflower Vehicle Systems U.K. as Manufacturing Director in 1993. In 2002, Mr. Boyd became President and Chief Executive Officer of MVS, Inc.
 
Mervin Dunn has served as a Director since August 2004 and as our President and Chief Executive Officer since June 2002, and prior thereto served as the President of Trim Systems, commencing upon his joining us in October 1999. From 1998 to 1999, Mr. Dunn served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of Bliss Technologies, a heavy metal stamping company. From 1988 to 1998, Mr. Dunn served in a number of key leadership roles at Arvin Industries, including Vice President of Operating Systems (Arvin North America), Vice President of Quality, and President of Arvin Ride Control. From 1985 to 1988, Mr. Dunn held several key management positions in engineering and quality assurance at Johnson Controls Automotive Group, an automotive trim company, including Division Quality Manager. From 1980 to 1985, Mr. Dunn served in a number of management positions for engineering and quality departments of Hyster Corporation, a manufacturer of heavy lift trucks. Mr. Dunn also currently serves as a Director of Transdigm Group, Inc.


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Kevin R.L. Frailey has served as President and General Manager of Electrical Systems since July 2010 and as Executive Vice President since March 2011. From December 2008 to July 2010, Mr. Frailey served as the Executive Vice President and General Manager for Electrical Systems and prior thereto served as the Executive Vice President of Business Development from February 2007 to December 2008. Prior to joining us, Mr. Frailey served as Vice President and General Manager for Joint Ventures and Business Strategy at ArvinMeritor’s Emissions Technologies Group from 2003 to early 2007. From 1988 to 2007, Mr. Frailey held several key management positions in engineering, sales and worldwide supplier development at ArvinMeritor. In addition, during that time Mr. Frailey served on the board of various joint ventures, most notably those of Arvin Sango, Inc., and AD Tech Co., Ltd.
 
Chad M. Utrup has served as the Chief Financial Officer since January 2003 and as an Executive Vice President since January 2009, and prior thereto served as the Vice President of Finance at Trim Systems since 2000. Prior to joining us in February 1998, Mr. Utrup served as a project management group member at Electronic Data Systems. While with Electronic Data Systems, Mr. Utrup’s responsibilities included financial support and implementing cost recovery and efficiency programs at various Delphi Automotive Systems support locations. Mr. Utrup also currently serves as a Director of Roadrunner Transportation Systems, Inc.
 
Item 1A.   Risk Factors
 
You should carefully consider the risks described below before making an investment decision.
 
If any of these certain risks and uncertainties were to actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline and you may lose all or part of your investment.
 
•  The agreement governing our revolving credit facility contains financial covenants, and that agreement and the agreement governing our second lien term loan (the “second lien term loan”), the indenture governing the 11%/13% third lien senior secured notes (the “third lien notes”) and the indenture governing the 8.0% senior notes due 2013 (the “8% senior notes”) contain other covenants that may restrict our current and future operations, particularly our ability to respond to changes in our business or to take certain actions. If we are unable to comply with these covenants, our business, results of operations and liquidity could be materially and adversely affected.
 
We entered into a loan and security agreement on January 7, 2009 providing for a new revolving credit facility (the “revolving credit facility”) that replaced our prior revolving credit facility. Under the revolving credit facility, we are required, under certain circumstances, to comply with a minimum EBITDA covenant or a fixed charge coverage ratio covenant, as described in more detail under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis — Liquidity and Capital Resources — Debt and Credit Facilities — Revolving Credit Facility.” On March 12, 2009, we entered into a first amendment to the revolving credit facility to provide us with relief under the minimum EBITDA covenant in 2009 and to make certain other changes, including an increase in the applicable margin for borrowings, capital expenditure limitations for 2009 and a temporary decrease in domestic availability. On August 4, 2009, we entered into a second amendment to the revolving credit facility, pursuant to which the lender agreed, among other things, to waive a covenant default resulting from our failure to be in compliance with the minimum EBITDA covenant as of June 30, 2009. On September 7, 2010, we entered into a third amendment to the revolving credit facility to include grid pricing based upon the fixed charge coverage ratio for the most recently completed fiscal quarter. We continue to operate in a challenging economic environment, and our ability to comply with the covenants in the revolving credit facility may be affected in the future by economic or business conditions beyond our control. If we are not able to comply with these covenants when required and we are unable to obtain necessary waivers or amendments from the lender, we would be precluded from borrowing under the revolving credit facility. If we are unable to borrow under the revolving credit facility, we will need to meet our capital requirements using other sources. Alternative sources of liquidity may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all. In addition, if we do not comply with the financial or other covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility when required, the lender could declare an event of default under the revolving credit facility, and our indebtedness thereunder could be declared immediately due and payable, which would also result in an event of default under the second lien term loan, the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes. The lender would also have the right in these


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circumstances to terminate any commitments it has to provide further borrowings. Any of these events would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and liquidity.
 
In addition, the agreement governing the revolving credit facility contains covenants that, among other things, restrict our ability to:
 
  •  incur liens;
 
  •  incur or assume additional debt or guarantees or issue preferred stock;
 
  •  pay dividends, or make redemptions and repurchases, with respect to capital stock;
 
  •  prepay, or make redemptions and repurchases of, subordinated debt;
 
  •  make loans and investments;
 
  •  make capital expenditures;
 
  •  engage in mergers, acquisitions, asset sales, sale/leaseback transactions and transactions with affiliates;
 
  •  change the business conducted by us or our subsidiaries; and
 
  •  amend the terms of subordinated debt.
 
The second lien credit agreement (the “Second Lien Credit Agreement”), the indenture governing our second lien term loan, the indenture governing the 8.0% senior notes, and the indenture governing the third lien notes also contain restrictive covenants. The operating and financial restrictions and covenants in these debt agreements and any future financing agreements may adversely affect our ability to finance future operations or capital needs or to engage in other business activities.
 
•  Our substantial amount of indebtedness may adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to operate our business, remain in compliance with debt covenants and make payments on our indebtedness.
 
The aggregate amount of our outstanding indebtedness was $165.0 million as of December 31, 2010. Our substantial level of indebtedness increases the possibility that we may be unable to generate cash sufficient to pay, when due, the principal of, interest on or other amounts due in respect of our indebtedness. Our indebtedness, combined with our lease and other financial obligations and contractual commitments could have other important consequences to our stockholders. For example, it could:
 
  •  make it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to our indebtedness, including the revolving credit facility, the second lien term loan, the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes, and any failure to comply with the obligations of any of our debt instruments, including financial and other restrictive covenants, could result in an event of default under the revolving credit facility, the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the indentures governing the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes;
 
  •  make us more vulnerable to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions and adverse changes in government regulation;
 
  •  require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to payments on our indebtedness, thereby reducing the availability of our cash flows to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and other general corporate purposes;
 
  •  limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate;
 
  •  place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt; and
 
  •  limit our ability to borrow additional amounts for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, execution of our business strategy or other purposes.
 
Any of the above listed factors could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.


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The agreement governing the revolving credit facility, the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the indentures governing the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes contain restrictive covenants that limit our ability to engage in activities that may be in our long-term best interests. Our failure to comply with those covenants could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of all our debt.
 
•  Our ability to generate cash depends on many factors beyond our control, and any failure to meet our debt service obligations could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. We may not be able to refinance or restructure our indebtedness before it becomes due.
 
Our ability to pay interest on and principal of the revolving credit facility, the second lien term loan, the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes and to satisfy our other debt obligations will depend principally upon our future operating performance. As a result, prevailing economic conditions and financial, business and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, will affect our ability to make these payments.
 
Our revolving credit facility and the second lien term loan are due in 2012, and the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes are due in 2013. We may not be able to refinance or restructure our revolving credit facility or our long-term debt before it becomes due. If we do not generate sufficient cash flow from operations to satisfy our debt service obligations, including payments on the revolving credit facility, the second lien term loan, the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes, we may have to undertake alternative financing plans, such as refinancing or restructuring our indebtedness, selling assets, reducing or delaying capital investments or seeking to raise additional capital. Our ability to restructure or refinance our debt will depend on the condition of the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. Any refinancing of our debt could be at higher interest rates and may require us to comply with more onerous covenants, which could further restrict our business operations. The terms of the agreement governing the revolving credit facility, the Second Lien Credit Agreement, the indenture governing the third lien notes and the indenture governing the 8% senior notes, or any agreements governing any future debt instruments, restrict us from adopting some of these alternatives. In addition, any failure to make scheduled payments of interest and principal on our outstanding indebtedness would likely result in a reduction of our credit rating, which could harm our ability to incur additional indebtedness on acceptable terms. Our inability to generate sufficient cash flow to satisfy our debt service obligations, or to refinance our obligations at all or on commercially reasonable terms, would have an adverse effect, which could be material, on our business, financial condition and results of operations, as well as on our ability to satisfy our obligations in respect of our long-term debt.
 
•  Provisions in our charter documents and Delaware law could discourage potential acquisition proposals, could delay, deter or prevent a change in control and could limit the price certain investors might be willing to pay for our stock.
 
Certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation and by-laws may inhibit changes in control of our company not approved by our board of directors. These provisions include:
 
  •  a classified board of directors with staggered terms;
 
  •  a prohibition on stockholder action through written consents;
 
  •  a requirement that special meetings of stockholders be called only by the board of directors;
 
  •  advance notice requirements for stockholder proposals and director nominations;
 
  •  limitations on the ability of stockholders to amend, alter or repeal the by-laws; and
 
  •  the authority of the board of directors to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock with such terms as the board of directors may determine and additional shares of our common stock.
 
We are also afforded the protections of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which would prevent us from engaging in a business combination with a person who becomes a 15% or greater stockholder for a period of three years from the date such person acquired such status unless certain board or stockholder approvals were obtained. These provisions could limit the price that certain investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock.


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•  Volatility and cyclicality in the commercial vehicle market could adversely affect us.
 
Our profitability depends in part on the varying conditions in the commercial vehicle market. This market is subject to considerable volatility as it moves in response to cycles in the overall business environment and is particularly sensitive to the industrial sector of the economy, which generates a significant portion of the freight tonnage hauled. Sales of commercial vehicles have historically been cyclical, with demand affected by such economic factors as industrial production, construction levels, demand for consumer durable goods, interest rates and fuel costs. For example, North American commercial vehicle sales and production experienced a downturn from 2000 to 2003 due to a confluence of events that included a weak economy, an oversupply of new and used vehicle inventory and lower spending on commercial vehicles and equipment. In addition, North American commercial vehicle sales and production experienced a downturn during 2007 and 2008 as a result of preorders in 2006 in anticipation of the new EPA emission standards becoming effective in 2007 and general weakness in the North American economy and corresponding decline in the need for heavy truck commercial vehicles to haul freight tonnage in North America, among other factors. These downturns had a material adverse effect on our business during the same periods. North American Class 8 production levels in 2009 were down approximately 42% over 2008 as the overall weakness in the North American economy and credit markets continued to put pressure on the demand for new vehicles. In addition, tightening of credit in financial markets may continue to adversely affect the ability of our customers to obtain financing for significant truck orders. Although North American Class 8 production in 2010 increased approximately 30% over the prior year period, we cannot provide any assurance as to the length or level of the recovery from the recent decline, and any further decline would have an adverse impact on our business and results of operations. Any extended downturn could again materially affect our business and results of operations. We also cannot predict that the industry will follow past cyclical patterns that might include strong preorders in advance of new emissions standards or declines driven by post-EPA standards or economic conditions. If unit production of Class 8 heavy trucks does not continue to recover, it may continue to adversely affect our business and results of operations.
 
•  Our results of operations could be significantly adversely affected by a continuing, or any future, downturn in the U.S. and global economy.
 
Demand for our heavy truck products is generally dependent on the number of new heavy truck commercial vehicles manufactured in North America. Historically, the demand for heavy truck commercial vehicles has significantly declined during periods of weakness in the North American economy and the corresponding decline in the need for commercial vehicles to haul freight tonnage in North America.
 
Demand for our construction products is also dependent on the overall vehicle demand for new commercial vehicles in the global construction equipment market. Demand in the medium/heavy construction equipment market, which is the market in which our products are primarily used, is typically related to the level of larger-scale infrastructure development projects. Demand in the light construction equipment market is typically related to certain economic conditions such as the level of housing construction and other smaller-scale developments and projects. Downturns in the economy are usually accompanied by related declines in infrastructure development and other construction projects.
 
Accordingly, our results of operations are directly impacted by changes in the U.S. economy and global economic conditions. The substantial downturn in the U.S. and global economies in 2009 significantly lowered demand for our products. This lower demand reduced our revenues by approximately 40% for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to the prior year period and reduced our operating income. In 2010, the heavy truck and global construction markets showed signs of recovery. If the global economy and the financial markets do not continue to recover, we expect that low demand for our products could continue to have a negative impact on our revenues, operating results and financial position. Any prolonged recession could result in lower earnings and reduced cash flow that, over time, could have a material adverse impact on our ability to fund our operations and capital requirements.
 
•  Current economic conditions and disruptions in the credit and financial markets could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Recently, the financial markets experienced a period of unprecedented turmoil, including the bankruptcy, restructuring or sale of certain financial institutions and the intervention of the U.S. federal government. While the ultimate outcome of these events cannot be predicted, they may have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and


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financial condition if our ability to borrow money to finance our operations were to be impaired. The crisis in the financial markets may also have a material adverse impact on the availability and cost of credit in the future. Our ability to pay our debt or refinance our obligations under the agreement governing our revolving credit facility and the other agreements governing our outstanding indebtedness will depend on our future performance, which will be affected by, among other things, prevailing economic conditions. We believe the tightening of credit in financial markets has also adversely affected the ability of our customers to obtain financing for significant truck orders and the ability of our suppliers to provide us with sufficient raw materials for our products. If the credit markets do not improve or if there is any future tightening of those markets, our customers’ ability to finance the purchase of new commercial vehicles or our suppliers’ ability to provide us with raw materials may be adversely impacted, either of which could adversely affect our business and results of operations.
 
•  Our profitability could be adversely affected if the actual production volumes for our customers’ vehicles are significantly lower than expected.
 
We incur costs and make capital expenditures based upon estimates of production volumes for our customers’ vehicles. While we attempt to establish a price for our components and systems that will compensate for variances in production volumes, if the actual production of these vehicles is significantly less than anticipated, our gross margin on these products would be adversely affected. We enter into agreements with our customers at the beginning of a given platform’s life to supply products for that platform. Once we enter into such agreements, fulfillment of our purchasing requirements is our obligation for the entire production life of the platform, with terms ranging from five to seven years, and we have no provisions to terminate such contracts. We may become committed to supply products to our customers at selling prices that are not sufficient to cover the direct cost to produce such products. We cannot predict our customers’ demands for our products either in the aggregate or for particular reporting periods. If customers representing a significant amount of our revenues were to purchase materially lower volumes than expected, it would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
•  Our major OEM customers may exert significant influence over us.
 
The commercial vehicle component supply industry has traditionally been highly fragmented and serves a limited number of large OEMs. As a result, OEMs have historically had a significant amount of leverage over their outside suppliers. Our contracts with major OEM customers generally provide for an annual productivity cost reduction. Historically, cost reductions through product design changes, increased productivity and similar programs with our suppliers have generally offset these customer-imposed productivity cost reduction requirements. However, if we are unable to generate sufficient production cost savings in the future to offset price reductions, our gross margin and profitability would be adversely affected. In addition, changes in OEMs’ purchasing policies or payment practices could have an adverse effect on our business.
 
•  We may be unable to successfully implement our business strategy and, as a result, our businesses and financial position and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Our ability to achieve our business and financial objectives is subject to a variety of factors, many of which are beyond our control. For example, we may not be successful in implementing our strategy if unforeseen factors emerge that diminish the expected growth in the commercial vehicle markets we supply, or we experience increased pressure on our margins. In addition, we may not succeed in integrating strategic acquisitions, and our pursuit of additional strategic acquisitions may lead to resource constraints, which could have a negative impact on our ability to meet customers’ demands, thereby adversely affecting our relationships with those customers. As a result of such business or competitive factors, we may decide to alter or discontinue aspects of our business strategy and may adopt alternative or additional strategies. Any failure to successfully implement our business strategy could adversely affect our business, results of operations and growth potential.
 
Developing product innovations has been and will continue to be a significant part of our business strategy. We believe that it is important that we continue to meet our customers’ demands for product innovation, improvement and enhancement, including the continued development of new-generation products, design improvements and innovations that improve the quality and efficiency of our products. However, such development will require us to continue to invest in research and development and sales and marketing. In the future, we may not have sufficient


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resources to make such necessary investments, or we may be unable to make the technological advances necessary to carry out product innovations sufficient to meet our customers’ demands. We are also subject to the risks generally associated with product development, including lack of market acceptance, delays in product development and failure of products to operate properly. We may, as a result of these factors, be unable to meaningfully focus on product innovation as a strategy and may therefore be unable to meet our customers’ demands for product innovation.
 
•  If we are unable to obtain raw materials at favorable prices, it could adversely impact our results of operations and financial condition.
 
Numerous raw materials are used in the manufacture of our products. Steel, aluminum, petroleum-based products, copper, resin, foam, fabrics, wire and wire components account for the most significant portion of our raw material costs. Although we currently maintain alternative sources for raw materials, our business is subject to the risk of price increases and periodic delays in delivery. For example, we are currently being assessed surcharges on certain purchases of steel, copper and other raw materials. If we are unable to purchase certain raw materials required for our operations for a significant period of time, our operations would be disrupted, and our results of operations would be adversely affected. In addition, if we are unable to pass on the increased costs of raw materials to our customers, this could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.
 
•  We may be unable to complete additional strategic acquisitions or we may encounter unforeseen difficulties in integrating acquisitions.
 
We may pursue additional acquisition targets that will allow us to continue to expand into new geographic markets, add new customers, provide new product, manufacturing and service capabilities and increase penetration with existing customers. However, we expect to face competition for acquisition candidates, which may limit the number of our acquisition opportunities and may lead to higher acquisition prices. Moreover, acquisitions of businesses may require additional debt financing, resulting in additional leverage. The covenants in the agreements governing our revolving credit facility, and the second lien term loan, and the indentures governing the third lien notes and 8% senior notes may further limit our ability to complete acquisitions. There can be no assurance that we will find attractive acquisition candidates or successfully integrate acquired businesses into our existing business. If we fail to complete additional acquisitions, we may have difficulty competing with more thoroughly integrated competitors and our results of operations could be adversely affected. To the extent that we do complete additional acquisitions, if the expected synergies from such acquisitions do not materialize or we fail to successfully integrate such new businesses into our existing businesses, our results of operations could also be adversely affected.
 
•  We may be adversely impacted by labor strikes, work stoppages and other matters.
 
The hourly workforces at our Shadyside, Ohio facility and Mexico operations are unionized. The unionized employees at these facilities represented approximately 53% of our employees in our North American operations as of December 31, 2010. We have experienced limited unionization efforts at certain of our other North American facilities from time to time. In addition, 53% of our employees at our European, Asian and Australian operations were represented by a shop steward committee, which may seek to limit our flexibility in our relationship with these employees. We cannot assure you that we will not encounter future unionization efforts or other types of conflicts with labor unions or our employees.
 
Many of our OEM customers and their suppliers also have unionized work forces. Work stoppages or slow-downs experienced by OEMs or their other suppliers could result in slow-downs or closures of assembly plants where our products are included in assembled commercial vehicles. In the event that one or more of our customers or their suppliers experience a material work stoppage, such work stoppage could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
•  Our businesses are subject to statutory environmental and safety regulations in multiple jurisdictions, and the impact of any changes in regulation and/or the violation of any applicable laws and regulations by our businesses could result in a material and adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
 
We are subject to foreign, federal, state, and local laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment and occupational health and safety, including laws regulating air emissions, wastewater discharges,


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generation, storage, handling, use and transportation of hazardous materials; the emission and discharge of hazardous materials into the soil, ground or air; and the health and safety of our colleagues. We are also required to obtain permits from governmental authorities for certain of our operations. We cannot assure you that we are, or have been, in complete compliance with such environmental and safety laws, regulations and permits. If we violate or fail to comply with these laws, regulations or permits, we could be fined or otherwise sanctioned by regulators. In some instances, such a fine or sanction could have a material and adverse effect on us. The environmental laws to which we are subject have become more stringent over time, and we could incur material expenses in the future to comply with environmental laws. We are also subject to laws imposing liability for the cleanup of contaminated property. Under these laws, we could be held liable for costs and damages relating to contamination at our past or present facilities and at third party sites to which we sent waste containing hazardous substances. The amount of such liability could be material.
 
Several of our facilities are either certified as, or are in the process of being certified as ISO 9001, 14000, 14001 or TS16949 (the international environmental management standard) compliant or are developing similar environmental management systems. Although we have made, and will continue to make, capital expenditures to implement such environmental programs and comply with environmental requirements, we do not expect to make material capital expenditures for environmental controls in 2010 or 2011. The environmental laws to which we are subject have become more stringent over time, and we could incur material costs or expenses in the future to comply with environmental laws.
 
Certain of our operations generate hazardous substances and wastes. If a release of such substances or wastes occurs at or from our properties, or at or from any offsite disposal location to which substances or wastes from our current or former operations were taken, or if contamination is discovered at any of our current or former properties, we may be held liable for the costs of cleanup and for any other response by governmental authorities or private parties, together with any associated fines, penalties or damages. In most jurisdictions, this liability would arise whether or not we had complied with environmental laws governing the handling of hazardous substances or wastes.
 
•  We may be adversely affected by the impact of government regulations on our OEM customers.
 
Although the products we manufacture and supply to commercial vehicle OEMs are not subject to significant government regulation, our business is indirectly impacted by the extensive governmental regulation applicable to commercial vehicle OEMs. These regulations primarily relate to emissions and noise standards imposed by the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), state regulatory agencies, such as the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”), and other regulatory agencies around the world. Commercial vehicle OEMs are also subject to the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act and Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards promulgated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Changes in emission standards and other proposed governmental regulations could impact the demand for commercial vehicles and, as a result, indirectly impact our operations. For example, new emission standards governing heavy-duty (Class 8) diesel engines that went into effect in the U.S. on October 1, 2002 and January 1, 2007 resulted in significant purchases of new trucks by fleet operators prior to such date and reduced short term demand for such trucks in periods immediately following such date. New emission standards for truck engines used in Class 5 to 8 trucks imposed by the EPA and CARB became effective in 2010. To the extent that current or future governmental regulation has a negative impact on the demand for commercial vehicles, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be adversely affected.
 
•  Our customer base is concentrated and the loss of business from a major customer or the discontinuation of particular commercial vehicle platforms could reduce our revenues.
 
Sales to PACCAR, Caterpillar, Volvo/Mack, International (Navistar), Daimler Trucks and Oshkosh Trucks accounted for approximately 12%, 12%, 11%, 11%, 11% and 8%, respectively, of our revenue in 2010, and our ten largest customers accounted for approximately 73% of our revenue in 2010. The loss of any of our largest customers or the loss of significant business from any of these customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Even though we may be selected as the supplier of a product by an OEM for a particular vehicle, our OEM customers issue blanket purchase orders which generally provide for the supply of that customer’s annual requirements for that vehicle, rather than for a specific number of our products. If


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the OEM’s requirements are less than estimated, the number of products we sell to that OEM will be accordingly reduced. In addition, the OEM may terminate its purchase orders with us at any time.
 
•  Currency exchange rate fluctuations could have an adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations.
 
We have operations in Europe, Asia, Australia and Mexico, which accounted in the aggregate for approximately 26% of our revenues in 2010. As a result, we generate a significant portion of our sales and incur a significant portion of our expenses in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. To the extent that we are unable to match revenues received in foreign currencies with costs paid in the same currency, exchange rate fluctuations in any such currency could have an adverse effect on our financial results.
 
•  We are subject to certain risks associated with our foreign operations.
 
We have operations in Europe, Asia, Australia and Mexico, which accounted in the aggregate for approximately 26%, 20% and 26% of our total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. There are certain risks inherent in our international business activities including, but not limited to:
 
  •  the difficulty of enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through certain foreign legal systems;
 
  •  foreign customers, who may have longer payment cycles than customers in the U.S.;
 
  •  tax rates in certain foreign countries, which may exceed those in the U.S. withholding requirements or the imposition of tariffs, exchange controls or other restrictions, including restrictions on repatriation, on foreign earnings;
 
  •  intellectual property protection difficulties;
 
  •  general economic and political conditions in countries where we operate, which may have an adverse effect on our operations in those countries;
 
  •  the difficulties associated with managing a large organization spread throughout various countries; and
 
  •  complications in complying with a variety of foreign laws and regulations, which may conflict with U.S. law.
 
As we continue to expand our business on a global basis, we are increasingly exposed to these risks. Our success will be dependent, in part, on our ability to anticipate and effectively manage these and other risks associated with foreign operations. We cannot assure you that these and other factors will not have a material adverse effect on our international operations or our business, financial condition or results of operations as a whole.
 
•  Our inability to compete effectively in the highly competitive commercial vehicle component supply industry could result in lower prices for our products, reduced gross margins and loss of market share, which could have an adverse effect on our revenues and operating results.
 
The commercial vehicle component supply industry is highly competitive. Some of our competitors are companies, or divisions or subsidiaries of companies, that are larger and have greater financial and other resources than we do. In some cases, we compete with divisions of our OEM customers. For example, the recent closing of our Norwalk, Ohio truck cab assembly facility was a result of Navistar’s decision to insource the cab assembly operations that we performed in that facility into its existing assembly facility in Escobedo, Mexico. Our products primarily compete on the basis of price, breadth of product offerings, product quality, technical expertise and development capability, product delivery and product service. Increased competition may lead to price reductions resulting in reduced gross margins and loss of market share.
 
Current and future competitors may make strategic acquisitions or establish cooperative relationships among themselves or with others, foresee the course of market development more accurately than we do, develop products that are superior to our products, produce similar products at lower cost than we can or adapt more quickly to new technologies, industry or customer requirements. By doing so, they may enhance their ability to meet the needs of our customers or potential future customers. These developments could limit our ability to obtain revenues from new customers and to maintain existing revenues from our customer base. We may not be able to compete


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successfully against current and future competitors and the failure to do so may have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
 
•  Our products may be rendered less attractive by changes in competitive technologies.
 
Changes in competitive technologies may render certain of our products less attractive. Our ability to anticipate changes in technology and to successfully develop and introduce new and enhanced products on a timely basis will be a significant factor in our ability to remain competitive. There can be no assurance that we will be able to achieve the technological advances that may be necessary for us to remain competitive. We are also subject to the risks generally associated with new product introductions and applications, including lack of market acceptance, delays in product development and failure of products to operate properly.
 
•  If we are unable to recruit or retain skilled personnel, or if we lose the services of any of our key management personnel, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
 
Our future success depends on our continuing ability to attract, train, integrate and retain highly skilled personnel. Competition for these employees is intense. We may not be able to retain our current key employees or attract, train, integrate or retain other highly skilled personnel in the future. Our future success also depends in large part on the continued service of key management personnel, particularly our key executive officers. If we lose the services of one or more of these individuals or other key personnel, or if we are unable to attract, train, integrate and retain the highly skilled personnel we need, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
 
•  We have only limited protection for our proprietary rights in our intellectual property, which makes it difficult to prevent third parties from infringing upon our rights.
 
Our success depends to a certain degree on our ability to protect our intellectual property and to operate without infringing on the proprietary rights of third parties. While we have been issued patents and have registered trademarks with respect to many of our products, our competitors could independently develop similar or superior products or technologies, duplicate our designs, trademarks, processes or other intellectual property or design around any processes or designs on which we have or may obtain patents or trademark protection. In addition, it is possible that third parties may have or acquire licenses for other technology or designs that we may use or desire to use, so that we may need to acquire licenses to, or to contest the validity of, such patents or trademarks of third parties. Such licenses may not be made available to us on acceptable terms, if at all, and we may not prevail in contesting the validity of third party rights.
 
In addition to patent and trademark protection, we also protect trade secrets, know-how and other confidential information against unauthorized use by others or disclosure by persons who have access to them, such as our employees, through contractual arrangements. These arrangements may not provide meaningful protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use, misappropriation or disclosure of such trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information. If we are unable to maintain the proprietary nature of our technologies, our revenues could be materially adversely affected.
 
•  Our products may be susceptible to claims by third parties that our products infringe upon their proprietary rights.
 
As the number of products in our target markets increases and the functionality of these products further overlaps, we may become increasingly subject to claims by a third party that our technology infringes such party’s proprietary rights. Regardless of their merit, any such claims could be time consuming and expensive to defend, may divert management’s attention and resources, could cause product shipment delays and could require us to enter into costly royalty or licensing agreements. If successful, a claim of infringement against us and our inability to license the infringed or similar technology and/or product could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.


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•  The market price of our common stock may continue to be extremely volatile.
 
Our stock price has fluctuated since our initial public offering in August 2004. The trading price of our common stock is subject to significant fluctuations in response to variations in quarterly operating results, including foreign currency exchange fluctuations, the gain or loss of significant orders, changes in earnings estimates by analysts, announcements of technological innovations or new products by us or our competitors, general conditions in the commercial vehicle industry and other events or factors. In addition, the equity markets in general have recently experienced significant disruptions which have caused substantial volatility in the market price for many companies in industries similar or related to that of ours and which have been unrelated to the operating performance of these companies. These market fluctuations may have affected and may continue to affect the market price of our common stock.
 
•  Our operating results, revenues and expenses may fluctuate significantly from quarter-to-quarter or year-to-year, which could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.
 
For a number of reasons, including but not limited to, those described below, our operating results, revenues and expenses have in the past varied and may in the future vary significantly from quarter-to-quarter or year-to-year. These fluctuations could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.
 
Fluctuations in Quarterly or Annual Operating Results.  Our operating results may fluctuate as a result of:
 
  •  the size, timing, volume and execution of significant orders and shipments;
 
  •  changes in the terms of our sales contracts;
 
  •  the timing of new product announcements;
 
  •  changes in our pricing policies or those of our competitors;
 
  •  market acceptance of new and enhanced products;
 
  •  the length of our sales cycles;
 
  •  changes in our operating expenses;
 
  •  personnel changes;
 
  •  new business acquisitions;
 
  •  changes in foreign currency exchange rates; and
 
  •  seasonal factors.
 
Limited Ability to Adjust Expenses.  We base our operating expense budgets primarily on expected revenue trends. Certain of our expenses are relatively fixed and as such we may be unable to adjust expenses quickly enough to offset any unexpected revenue shortfall. Accordingly, any shortfall in revenue may cause significant variation in operating results in any quarter or year.
 
Based on the above factors, we believe that quarter-to-quarter or year-to-year comparisons of our operating results may not be a good indication of our future performance. It is possible that in one or more future quarters or years, our operating results may be below the expectations of public market analysts and investors. In that event, the trading price of our common stock may be adversely affected.
 
•  We may be subject to product liability claims, recalls or warranty claims, which could be expensive, damage our reputation and result in a diversion of management resources.
 
As a supplier of products and systems to commercial vehicle OEMs, we face an inherent business risk of exposure to product liability claims in the event that our products, or the equipment into which our products are incorporated, malfunction and result in personal injury or death. Product liability claims could result in significant losses as a result of expenses incurred in defending claims or the award of damages.
 
In addition, we may be required to participate in recalls involving systems or components sold by us if any prove to be defective, or we may voluntarily initiate a recall or make payments related to such claims as a result of


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various industry or business practices or the need to maintain good customer relationships. Such a recall would result in a diversion of management resources. While we do maintain product liability insurance, we cannot assure you that it will be sufficient to cover all product liability claims, that such claims will not exceed our insurance coverage limits or that such insurance will continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. Any product liability claim brought against us could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
 
Moreover, we warrant the workmanship and materials of many of our products under limited warranties and have entered into warranty agreements with certain OEMs that warranty certain of our products in the hands of these OEMs’ customers, in some cases for as long as seven years. Accordingly, we are subject to risk of warranty claims in the event that our products do not conform to our customers’ specifications or, in some cases in the event that our products do not conform to their customers’ expectations. It is possible for warranty claims to result in costly product recalls, significant repair costs and damage to our reputation, all of which would adversely affect our results of operations.
 
•  Equipment failures, delays in deliveries or catastrophic loss at any of our facilities could lead to production or service curtailments or shutdowns.
 
We manufacture or assemble our products at facilities in North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. An interruption in production or service capabilities at any of these facilities as a result of equipment failure or other reasons could result in our inability to produce our products, which could reduce our net revenues and earnings for the affected period. In the event of a stoppage in production at any of our facilities, even if only temporary, or if we experience delays as a result of events that are beyond our control, delivery times to our customers could be severely affected. Any significant delay in deliveries to our customers could lead to increased returns or cancellations and cause us to lose future revenues. Our facilities are also subject to the risk of catastrophic loss due to unanticipated events such as fires, explosions or violent weather conditions. We may experience plant shutdowns or periods of reduced production as a result of equipment failure, delays in deliveries or catastrophic loss, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
 
•  Our inability to successfully execute any planned cost reductions, restructuring initiatives or the achievement of operational efficiencies could result in the incurrence of additional costs and expenses that could adversely affect our reported earnings.
 
As part of our business strategy, we continuously seek ways to lower costs, improve manufacturing efficiencies and increase productivity and intend to apply this strategy to those operations acquired through acquisitions. We may be unsuccessful in achieving these objectives which could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition. In addition, we may incur restructuring charges in the future and such charges could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition. In 2009, we announced the following restructuring plans:
 
  •  A reduction in workforce and the closure of certain manufacturing, warehousing and assembly facilities. The facilities closed included an assembly and sequencing facility in Kent, Washington; seat sequencing and assembly facility in Statesville, North Carolina; manufacturing facility in Lake Oswego, Oregon; inventory and product warehouse in Concord, North Carolina; and seat assembly and distribution facility in Seneffs, Belgium. The decision to reduce our workforce was the result of the extended downturn of the global economy and, in particular, the commercial vehicle markets. We substantially completed these activities as of December 31, 2009.
 
  •  The closure of our Vancouver, Washington manufacturing facility. The decision to close the facility was the result of the extended downturn of the global economy and, in particular, the commercial vehicle markets. We substantially completed this closure as of December 31, 2009.
 
  •  The closure and consolidation of one of our facilities located in Liberec, Czech Republic and the closing of our Norwalk, Ohio truck cab assembly facility. The closure and consolidation of our Liberec, Czech Republic facility was a result of management’s continued focus on reducing fixed costs and eliminating excess capacity. The closure of this facility was substantially completed as of December 31, 2009. The closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility was a result of Navistar’s decision to insource the cab assembly operations into its existing assembly facility in Escobedo, Mexico. We substantially completed the Norwalk closure as of September 30, 2010.


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We estimate that we will record total cash expenditures for all of these restructurings of approximately $6.0 million, consisting of approximately $2.2 million of severance costs and $3.8 million of facility closure costs.
 
•  Our earnings may be adversely affected by changes to the carrying values of our tangible and intangible assets as a result of recording any impairment charges deemed necessary.
 
We are required to perform impairment tests whenever events and circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Significant and unanticipated changes in circumstances, such as the general economic environment, changes or downturns in our industry as a whole, termination of any of our customer contracts, restructuring efforts and general workforce reductions, may result in a charge for impairment that can materially and adversely affect our reported net income and our stockholders’ equity.
 
Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Item 2.   Properties
 
Our corporate office is located in New Albany, Ohio. Several of our manufacturing facilities are located near our OEM customers to reduce our distribution costs, reduce risk of interruptions in our delivery schedule, further improve customer service and provide our customers with reliable delivery of products and services. The following table provides selected information regarding our principal facilities as of December 31, 2010:
 
             
        Approximate
   
Location
 
Primary Product/Function
  Square Footage   Ownership Interest
 
Douglas, Arizona
  Warehouse   20,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Monona, Iowa
  Wire Harness Assembly   62,000 sq. ft.   Owned
Edgewood, Iowa
  Wire Harness Assembly   36,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Dekalb, Illinois
  Wire Harness Assembly   60,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Michigan City, Indiana
  Wipers, Switches   87,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Wixom, Michigan
  Engineering   3,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Kings Mountain, North Carolina
  Cab, Sleeper Box, Assembly   180,000 sq. ft.   Owned
Statesville, North Carolina (2 facilities)
  Interior Trim and Warehouse   235,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Concord, North Carolina (2 facilities)
  Injection Molding   155,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Norwalk, Ohio (2 facilities)
  Idle   340,000 sq. ft.   Owned/Leased
Shadyside, Ohio
  Stamping of Steel and Aluminum Structural and Exposed Stamped Components   200,000 sq. ft.   Owned
Chillicothe, Ohio
  Interior Trim   62,000 sq. ft.   Owned
New Albany, Ohio
  Corporate Headquarters/R&D   89,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Tigard, Oregon (2 facilities)
  Interior Trim and Warehouse   91,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Vonore, Tennessee
  Seats, Mirrors   200,000 sq. ft.   Owned
Tellico Plains, Tennessee
  Cut and Sew   148,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Pikeville, Tennessee
  Warehouse   15,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Dublin, Virginia (2 facilities)
  Interior Trim and Warehouse   89,000 sq. ft.   Owned/Leased
Vancouver, Washington (2 facilities)
  Interior Trim and Warehouse   18,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Kent, Washington
  Engineering and Warehouse   14,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Agua Prieta, Mexico (2 facilities)
  Wire Harness Assembly   205,000 sq. ft.   Leased


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        Approximate
   
Location
 
Primary Product/Function
  Square Footage   Ownership Interest
 
Northampton, United Kingdom
  Seat Assembly   210,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Brisbane, Australia
  Seat Assembly   50,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Mackay, Australia
  Seat Assembly   10,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Melbourne, Australia
  Seat Assembly   12,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Shanghai, China (2 facilities)
  Seat Assembly   76,500 sq. ft.   Leased
Brandys nad Orlici, Czech Republic
  Seat Assembly   52,000 sq. ft.   Owned
Liberec, Czech Republic
  Wire Harness Assembly   104,000 sq. ft.   Leased
Kamyanets-Podilsky, Ukraine
  Wire Harness Assembly   46,000 sq. ft.   Leased
 
We also have leased sales and service offices located in the U.S., Belgium, Australia and France.
 
Utilization of our facilities varies with North American, European and Asian commercial vehicle production and general economic conditions in such regions. All locations are principally used for manufacturing or assembly, except for our Wixom, Michigan; Aurora, Illinois; and New Albany, Ohio facilities, which are administrative offices, and our leased warehouse facilities in Douglas, Arizona; Statesville, North Carolina; Tigard, Oregon; Pikeville, Tennessee; Dublin, Virginia; Vancouver, Washington and Kent, Washington.
 
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings
 
We are subject to various legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of business, including, but not limited to, customer and supplier disputes and product liability claims arising out of the conduct of our businesses and examinations by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”). The IRS routinely examines our federal income tax returns and, in the course of those examinations, the IRS may propose adjustments to our federal income tax liability reported on such returns. It is our practice to defend those proposed adjustments that we deem lacking merit. We are not involved in any litigation at this time in which we expect that an unfavorable outcome of the proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
Item 4.   Reserved

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PART II
 
Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “CVGI.” The following table sets forth the high and low sale prices for our common stock, for the periods indicated as regularly reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market:
 
                 
    High   Low
 
Year Ended December 31, 2010:
               
Fourth Quarter
  $ 18.52     $ 9.63  
Third Quarter
  $ 11.64     $ 8.71  
Second Quarter
  $ 13.69     $ 7.00  
First Quarter
  $ 7.89     $ 4.69  
Year Ended December 31, 2009:
               
Fourth Quarter
  $ 8.08     $ 4.43  
Third Quarter
  $ 7.70     $ 4.16  
Second Quarter
  $ 1.94     $ 0.51  
First Quarter
  $ 1.62     $ 0.40  
 
As of March 8, 2011, there were 157 holders of record of our outstanding common stock.
 
We have not declared or paid any dividends to the holders of our common stock in the past and do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future payment of dividends is within the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend upon, among other factors, the capital requirements, operating results and financial condition of CVG. In addition, our ability to pay cash dividends is limited under the terms of the credit agreement governing our revolving credit facility, second lien term loan, third lien notes and 8% senior notes.


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The following graph compares the cumulative five year total return to holders of Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc.’s common stock to the cumulative total returns of the NASDAQ Composite Index and a customized peer group of five companies that includes: Accuride Corporation, ArvinMeritor, Inc, Cummins, Inc., Eaton Corp. and Stoneridge, Inc. The graph assumes that the value of the investment in the Company’s common stock, in the peer group and the index (including reinvestment of dividends) was $100 on December 31, 2005 and tracks it through December 31, 2010.
 
COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*
Among Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc., The NASDAQ Composite index
and Commercial Vehicle Supplier Composite index
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
Based on $100 invested on December 31, 2005 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends.
 
                                                             
      12/31/05       12/31/06       12/31/07       12/31/08       12/31/09       12/31/10  
Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc. 
      100.00         116.08         77.21         4.95         31.90         86.53  
NASDAQ Composite
      100.00         111.74         124.67         73.77         107.12         125.93  
Commercial Vehicle Supplier Composite
      100.00         120.68         186.99         88.48         136.17         272.19  
                                                             
 
The information in the graph and table above is not “soliciting material,” is not deemed “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission and is not to be incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this annual report, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate such information by reference.


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The following table sets forth information in connection with purchases made by, or on behalf of, us or any affiliated purchaser, of shares of our common stock during the quarterly period ended December 31, 2010:
 
                                 
            (c) Total
   
            Number of
  (d) Maximum
            Shares (or
  Number (or
            Units)
  Approximate
            Purchased as
  Dollar Value) of
            Part of
  Shares (or Units)
    (a) Total
  (b) Average
  Publicly
  that May Yet Be
    Number of
  Price Paid
  Announced
  Purchased Under
    Shares (or Units)
  per Share
  Plans or
  the Plans or
    Purchased   (or Unit)   Programs   Prgrams
 
Month #1
                               
(October 1, 2010 through October 31, 2010)     154,534     $ 11.39              
Month #2
                               
(November 1, 2010 through November 30, 2010)                        
Month #3
                               
(December 1, 2010 through December 31, 2010)                        
 
We did not repurchase any of our common stock on the open market as part of a stock repurchase program during the fourth quarter of 2010; however, our employees surrendered 154,534 shares of our common stock to satisfy tax withholding obligations on the vesting of restricted stock awards issued under our Third Amended and Restated Equity Incentive Plan.
 
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities
 
On August 4, 2009, we entered into an agreement with certain holders of our 8% senior notes due 2013 to exchange approximately $52.2 million in aggregate principal amount of the 8% senior notes due 2013 held by such holders for 42,124 units, consisting of $42.1 million in aggregate principal amount of 11% / 13% Third Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2013 and 745,000 warrants, in a transaction that was not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The units and warrants were issued in reliance upon applicable exemptions from registration under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Section 506 of Regulation D promulgated thereunder.
 
Each unit was immediately separable into $1,000 principal amount of third lien notes and 17.68588 warrants. Each warrant entitled the holder thereof to purchase one share of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.35 per share. The warrants provided for mandatory cashless exercise and were exercisable at any time on or after separation and prior to their expiration on August 4, 2019.
 
We issued the following shares of common stock upon the exercise of certain of the warrants during the quarter ended December 31, 2010:
 
         
Date Exercised
  Shares Issued
 
October 25, 2010
    3,827  
 
The warrants were exercised on a cashless exercise basis as required under the warrant and unit agreement, and, accordingly, such shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemption from registration set forth in Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.


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Item 6.   Selected Financial Data
 
The following table sets forth selected consolidated financial data regarding our business and certain industry information and should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Material Events Affecting Financial Statement Comparability:
 
Our acquisition of C.I.E.B. Kahovec, spol. s r.o. (“C.I.E.B.”) in 2006 and our acquisition of PEKM Kabeltechnik s.r.o. (“PEKM”), the fabrication division of Gage Industries, Inc. and Short Bark Industries, LLC in 2007 materially impacted our results of operations and as a result, our consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 are not comparable to the results of the prior periods presented without consideration of the information provided in Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006, Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007, Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2008 and Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
                                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)  
 
Statement of Operations Data:
                                       
Revenues
  $ 597,779     $ 458,569     $ 763,489     $ 696,786     $ 918,751  
Cost of revenues
    522,982       448,912       689,284       620,145       768,913  
                                         
Gross profit
    74,797       9,657       74,205       76,641       149,838  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    56,111       47,874       62,764       55,493       51,950  
Amortization expense
    240       389       1,379       894       414  
Gain on sale of long-lived asset
                (6,075 )            
Goodwill and intangible asset impairment
          30,135       207,531              
Long-lived asset impairment
          17,272                    
Restructuring charges
    1,730       3,651             1,433        
                                         
Operating income (loss)
    16,716       (89,664 )     (191,394 )     18,821       97,474  
Other (income) expense
    (4,780 )     (11,119 )     13,945       9,361       (3,468 )
Interest expense
    16,834       15,133       15,389       14,147       14,829  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
          1,254             149       318  
Expense relating to debt exchange
          2,902                    
                                         
Income (loss) before income taxes
    4,662       (97,834 )     (220,728 )     (4,836 )     85,795  
(Benefit) provision for income taxes
    (1,825 )     (16,299 )     (13,969 )     (1,585 )     27,745  
                                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 6,487     $ (81,535 )   $ (206,759 )   $ (3,251 )   $ 58,050  
                                         
Income (loss) per share:
                                       
Basic
  $ 0.25     $ (3.74 )   $ (9.58 )   $ (0.15 )   $ 2.74  
Diluted
  $ 0.24     $ (3.74 )   $ (9.58 )   $ (0.15 )   $ 2.69  
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
                                       
Basic
    26,247       21,811       21,579       21,439       21,151  
Diluted
    26,994       21,811       21,579       21,439       21,545  


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    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)  
 
Balance Sheet Data (at end of each period):
                                       
Working capital (current assets less current liabilities)
  $ 116,077     $ 75,785     $ 87,669     $ 117,172     $ 135,368  
Total assets
    286,207       250,509       354,761       599,089       590,822  
Total liabilities, excluding debt
    121,332       125,630       145,924       174,029       163,803  
Total debt
    164,987       162,644       164,895       159,725       162,114  
Total stockholders’ (deficit) investment
    (112 )     (37,765 )     43,942       265,335       264,905  
Other Data:
                                       
Net cash provided by (used in):
                                       
Operating activities
  $ 17,563     $ 18,181     $ 9,743     $ 47,575     $ 36,922  
Investing activities
    (9,955 )     (7,745 )     (10,134 )     (53,292 )     (27,625 )
Financing activities
    24,730       (5,616 )     5,043       (2,394 )     (27,952 )
Depreciation and amortization
    11,564       16,667       19,062       16,425       14,983  
Capital expenditures, net
    10,645       6,140       12,523       17,274       22,389  
North American Heavy-duty (Class 8) Truck Production (units)(1)
    154,000       118,000       206,000       212,000       376,000  
 
 
(1) Source: ACT N.A. Commercial Vehicle OUTLOOK (February 2011).

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Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
You should read the following discussion and analysis in conjunction with the information set forth under “Item 6 — Selected Financial Data” and our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The statements in this discussion regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding our future performance, liquidity and capital resources and other non-historical statements in this discussion are forward-looking statements. See “Forward-Looking Information” on page ii of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described under “Item 1A — Risk Factors.” Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.
 
Company Overview
 
We are a leading supplier of fully integrated system solutions for the global commercial vehicle market, including the heavy-duty (Class 8) truck market, the construction, military, bus and agriculture markets and the specialty transportation markets. Our products include static and suspension seat systems, electronic wire harness assemblies, control and switches, cab structures and components, interior trim systems (including instrument panels, door panels, headliners, cabinetry and floor systems), mirrors and wiper systems specifically designed for applications in commercial vehicles.
 
We are differentiated from suppliers to the automotive industry by our ability to manufacture low volume customized products on a sequenced basis to meet the requirements of our customers. We believe that we have the number one or two position in several of our major markets and that we are one of the only suppliers in the North American commercial vehicle market that can offer complete cab systems, including cab body assemblies, sleeper boxes, seats, interior trim, flooring, wire harnesses, panel assemblies and other structural components. We believe our products are used by a majority of the North American heavy truck OEMs, which we believe creates an opportunity to cross-sell our products and offer a fully integrated system solution.
 
Demand for our heavy truck products is generally dependent on the number of new heavy truck commercial vehicles manufactured in North America, which in turn is a function of general economic conditions, interest rates, changes in governmental regulations, consumer spending, fuel costs and our customers’ inventory levels and production rates. New heavy truck commercial vehicle demand has historically been cyclical and is particularly sensitive to the industrial sector of the economy, which generates a significant portion of the freight tonnage hauled by commercial vehicles. Production of heavy truck commercial vehicles in North America was strong from 2004 to 2006 due to the broad economic recovery in North America, corresponding growth in the movement of goods, the growing need to replace aging truck fleets and OEMs receiving larger than expected preorders in anticipation of the new EPA emissions standards becoming effective in 2007.
 
During 2007, the demand for North American Class 8 heavy trucks experienced a downturn as a result of preorders in 2006 and general weakness in the North American economy and corresponding decline in the need for commercial vehicles to haul freight tonnage in North America. The demand for new heavy truck commercial vehicles in 2008 was similar to 2007 levels as weakness in the overall North American economy continued to impact production related orders. The overall weakness in the North American economy and credit markets continued to put pressure on the demand for new vehicles in 2009 as reflected in the 42% decline of North American Class 8 production levels from 2008. We believe this general weakness has contributed to the reluctance of trucking companies to invest in new truck fleets. In 2010, North American Class 8 production levels had increased approximately 30% over the prior year period, indicating an economic recovery in the heavy truck market. According to a February 2011 report by ACT Research, a publisher of industry market research, North American Class 8 production levels are expected to increase from 154,000 in 2010, peak at 314,000 in 2013 and decline to 226,000 in 2015, which represents a compound annual growth rate of approximately 8%.
 
We believe the increase in demand for new Class 8 vehicles will be driven by several factors, including growth in freight volumes and the replacement of aging vehicles. ACT forecasts that total U.S. freight composite will increase from 11.6 trillion in 2010 to 14.2 trillion in 2015. ACT estimates that the average age of active U.S. Class 8 trucks is 6.7 years in 2010, the highest average vehicle age over the past decade. As vehicles age, their maintenance costs typically increase. ACT forecasts that the vehicle age will decline as aging fleets are replaced.


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In 2010, approximately 36% of our revenue was generated from sales to North American heavy-duty truck OEMs. Our remaining revenue in 2010 was primarily derived from sales to OEMs in the global construction market, European truck market, aftermarket, OEM service organizations, military market and other commercial vehicle and specialty markets. Demand for our products is also driven to a significant degree by preferences of the end-user of the commercial vehicle, particularly with respect to heavy-duty (Class 8) trucks. Unlike the automotive industry, commercial vehicle OEMs generally afford the ultimate end-user the ability to specify many of the component parts that will be used to manufacture the commercial vehicle, including a wide variety of cab interior styles and colors, the brand and type of seats, type of seat fabric and color and specific mirror styling. In addition, certain of our products are only utilized in heavy-duty (Class 8) trucks, such as our storage systems, sleeper boxes, sleeper bunks and privacy curtains, and, as a result, changes in demand for heavy-duty (Class 8) trucks or the mix of options on a vehicle can have a greater impact on our business than changes in the overall demand for commercial vehicles. To the extent that demand for higher content vehicles increases or decreases, our revenues and gross profit will be impacted positively or negatively.
 
Demand for our construction products is dependent on the overall vehicle demand for new commercial vehicles in the global construction equipment market and generally follows certain economic conditions around the world. Our products are primarily used in the medium/heavy construction equipment markets (weighing over 12 metric tons). Demand in the medium/heavy construction equipment market is typically related to the level of larger scale infrastructure development projects such as highways, dams, harbors, hospitals, airports and industrial development, as well as activity in the mining, forestry and other raw material based industries. During 2009, we experienced a significant decline in global construction equipment production levels as a result of the global economic downturn and related reduction in new equipment orders. During 2010, the global construction market has shown signs of recovery.
 
Along with the U.S., we have operations in Europe, Asia, Australia and Mexico. Our operating results are, therefore, impacted by exchange rate fluctuations to the extent we translate our foreign operations from their local currencies into U.S. dollars. Changes in these foreign currencies as compared to the U.S. dollar resulted in an approximate $2.4 million reduction in our revenues in 2010 as compared to 2009 and strengthening of these foreign currencies as compared to the U.S. dollar resulted in an approximate $14.0 million decrease in 2009 as compared to 2008. Because our costs were generally impacted to the same degree as our revenue, this exchange rate fluctuation did not have a material impact on our net income in 2010 as compared to 2009 and in 2009 as compared to 2008.
 
We continuously seek ways to improve our operating performance by lowering costs. These efforts include, but are not limited to, the following:
 
  •  adjusting our hourly and salaried workforce to optimize costs in line with our production levels;
 
  •  sourcing efforts in Mexico, Europe and Asia;
 
  •  consolidating our supply base to improve purchasing leverage;
 
  •  eliminating excess production capacity through the closure and consolidation of manufacturing, warehousing or assembly facilities;
 
  •  improving our manufacturing cost basis by locating production in low-cost regions of the world; and
 
  •  implementing Lean Manufacturing and TQPS initiatives to improve operating efficiency and product quality.
 
In the three months ended December 31, 2009, we announced restructuring plans for the closure and consolidation of one of our facilities located in Liberec, Czech Republic and the closing of our Norwalk, Ohio truck cab assembly facility. The closure and consolidation of our Liberec, Czech Republic facility was a result of management’s continued focus on reducing fixed costs and eliminating excess capacity. The closure of this facility was substantially completed as of December 31, 2009. The closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility was a result of Navistar’s decision to insource the cab assembly operations into its existing assembly facility in Escobedo, Mexico. We substantially completed the Norwalk closure by September 2010.


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Although OEM demand for our products is directly correlated with new vehicle production, we also have the opportunity to grow through increasing our product content per vehicle through cross selling and bundling of products. We generally compete for new business at the beginning of the development of a new vehicle platform and upon the redesign of existing programs. New platform development generally begins at least one to three years before the marketing of such models by our customers. Contract durations for commercial vehicle products generally extend for the entire life of the platform, which is typically five to seven years.
 
In sourcing products for a specific platform, the customer generally develops a proposed production timetable, including current volume and option mix estimates based on their own assumptions, and then sources business with the supplier pursuant to written contracts, purchase orders or other firm commitments in terms of price, quality, technology and delivery. In general, these contracts, purchase orders and commitments provide that the customer can terminate if a supplier does not meet specified quality and delivery requirements and, in many cases, they provide that the price will decrease over the proposed production timetable. Awarded business generally covers the supply of all or a portion of a customer’s production and service requirements for a particular product program rather than the supply of a specific quantity of products. Accordingly, in estimating awarded business over the life of a contract or other commitment, a supplier must make various assumptions as to the estimated number of vehicles expected to be produced, the timing of that production, mix of options on the vehicles produced and pricing of the products being supplied. The actual production volumes and option mix of vehicles produced by customers depend on a number of factors that are beyond a supplier’s control.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). For a comprehensive discussion of our significant accounting policies, see Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis, particularly relating to revenue recognition and sales commitments, inventory reserves, intangible and long-lived assets, income taxes, warranty reserves and pension and other post-retirement benefit plans. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets, liabilities and equity that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results and outcomes could differ materially from these estimates and assumptions. See Item 1A — Risk Factors in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information regarding risk factors that may impact our estimates.
 
Revenue Recognition and Sales Commitments — We recognize revenue when (1) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, (2) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (3) there is a fixed or determinable price and (4) collectability is reasonably assured. Our products are generally shipped from our facilities to our customers, which is when legal title passes to the customer for substantially all of our revenues. We enter into agreements with our customers at the beginning of a given platform’s life to supply products for that platform. Once we enter into such agreements, fulfillment of our purchasing requirements is our obligation for the entire production life of the platform, with terms generally ranging from five to seven years, and we have no provisions to terminate such contracts.
 
Provisions for anticipated contract losses are recognized at the time they become evident. In certain instances, we may be committed under existing agreements to supply product to our customers at selling prices that are not sufficient to cover the cost to produce such product. In such situations, we record a provision for the estimated future amount of such losses. Such losses are recognized at the time that the loss is probable and reasonably estimable and are recorded at the minimum amount necessary to fulfill our obligations to our customers. We had a provision for anticipated contract losses of $1.7 million as of December 31, 2010. We had a provision of $2.6 million as of December 31, 2009 and $3.5 million as of December 31, 2008.


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Inventory Reserves — Inventories are valued at the lower of first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) cost or market. Cost includes applicable material, labor and overhead. We value our finished goods inventory at a standard cost that is periodically adjusted to approximate actual cost. Inventory quantities on-hand are regularly reviewed, and where necessary, provisions for excess and obsolete inventory are recorded based primarily on our estimated production requirements driven by expected market volumes. Excess and obsolete provisions may vary by product depending upon future potential use of the product.
 
Intangible and Long-Lived Assets — We review definite-lived intangible and long-lived assets for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that carrying amounts may not be recoverable. If an indicator exists, a determination is made by management to ascertain whether property and equipment and certain definite-lived intangibles are recoverable based on the sum of expected future undiscounted cash flows from operating activities. Determining the fair value of these assets is judgmental in nature and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. If the estimated undiscounted net cash flows are less than the carrying amount of such assets, we will recognize an impairment loss in an amount necessary to write down the assets to fair value as determined from expected discounted future cash flows. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable, but that are inherently uncertain.
 
For further information on our goodwill and intangible asset impairment, see Notes 2 and 10 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Income Taxes — As part of the process of preparing our consolidated financial statements, we are required to estimate our income taxes in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. In addition, tax expense includes the impact of differing treatment of items for tax and accounting purposes which results in deferred tax assets and liabilities which are included in our consolidated balance sheet. To the extent that recovery of deferred tax assets is not likely, we must establish a valuation allowance. Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities and any valuation allowance recorded against our net deferred tax assets. As of December 31, 2010, we determined that a valuation allowance of $69.1 million was needed against our deferred tax assets. This amount represents our total net deferred assets. Because we have a multiple year cumulative loss, we believe that it is appropriate to establish a valuation allowance equal to the total net deferred tax assets. In the event that our actual results differ from our estimates or we adjust these estimates in future periods, the effects of these adjustments could materially impact our financial position and results of operations. As of December 31, 2010, our net deferred tax position is $29 thousand in our financials. The net deferred tax liability as of December 31, 2009 was zero.
 
Warranty Reserves — We are subjected to warranty claims for products that fail to perform as expected due to design or manufacturing deficiencies. Customers continue to require their outside suppliers to guarantee or warrant their products and bear the cost of repair or replacement of such products. Depending on the terms under which we supplied products to our customers, a customer may hold us responsible for some or all of the repair or replacement costs of defective products, when the product supplied did not perform as represented. Our policy is to reserve for estimated future customer warranty costs based on historical trends and current economic factors. The amount of such estimates for warranty liability was approximately $2.7 million, $3.1 million and $3.7 million at December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
Pension and Other Post-Retirement Benefit Plans — We sponsor pension and other post-retirement benefit plans that cover certain hourly and salaried employees in the U.S. and United Kingdom. Our policy is to make annual contributions to the plans to fund the normal cost as required by local regulations. In addition, we have another post-retirement benefit plan for certain U.S. operations, retirees and their dependents.
 
Our Assumptions
 
The determination of pension and other post-retirement benefit plan obligations and related expenses requires the use of assumptions to estimate the amount of the benefits that employees earn while working, as well as the present value of those benefits. Our assumptions are determined based on current market conditions, historical information and consultation with and input from third-party actuaries. Due to the significant management judgment involved, our assumptions could have a material impact on the measurement of our pension and other post-retirement benefit expenses and obligations.


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Significant assumptions used to measure our annual pension and other post-retirement benefit expenses include:
 
  •  discount rate;
 
  •  expected return on plan assets; and
 
  •  health care cost trend rates.
 
Discount Rate — The discount rate represents the interest rate that should be used to determine the present value of future cash flows currently expected to be required to settle the pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations. In estimating this rate, we consider rates of return on high quality fixed-income investments included in various published bond indexes. We consider the Citigroup Pension Discount Curve and the Barclay’s Capital Non-Gilt AA Rated Sterling Bond Index in the determination of the appropriate discount rate assumptions. The weighted average rate we used to measure our pension obligation as of December 31, 2010 was 5.3% for the U.S. and 5.7% for the non-U.S pension plans.
 
Expected Long-Term Rate of Return — The expected return on pension plan assets is based on our historical experience, our pension plan investment strategy and our expectations for long-term rates of return. Our pension plan investment strategy is reviewed annually and is established based upon plan liabilities, an evaluation of market conditions, tolerance for risk and cash requirements for benefit payments. We use a third-party advisor to assist us in determining our investment allocation and modeling our long-term rate of return assumptions. For 2010 and 2009, we assumed an expected long-term rate of return on plan assets of 7.5% for the U.S. pension plans and 6.5% and 6.0% for the non-U.S. pension plans, respectively.
 
Changes in the discount rate and expected long-term rate of return on plan assets within the range indicated below would have had the following impact on 2010 pension and other post-retirement benefits results (in thousands):
 
                 
    1 Percentage
  1 Percentage
    Point Increase   Point Decrease
 
(Decrease) increase due to change in assumptions used to determine net periodic benefit costs for the year ended December 31, 2010:
               
Discount rate
  $ (339 )   $ 513  
Expected long-term rate of return on plan assets
  $ (507 )   $ 507  
(Decrease) increase due to change in assumptions used to determine benefit obligations for the year ended December 31, 2010:
               
Discount rate
  $ (10,346 )   $ 13,117  
 
Health Care Cost Trend Rates — The health care cost trend rates represent the annual rates of change in the cost of health care benefits based on estimates of health care inflation, changes in health care utilization or delivery patterns, technological advances and changes in the health status of the plan participants. For measurement purposes, an 8.0% and 10% annual rate of increase in the per capita cost of covered health care benefits was assumed for 2010 and 2009, respectively. The rate was assumed to decrease gradually to 5.0% through 2017 and remain constant thereafter. Assumed health care cost trend rates can have a significant effect on the amounts reported for other post-retirement benefit plans.
 
Differences in the ultimate health care cost trend rates within the range indicated below would have had the following impact on 2010 other post-retirement benefit results (in thousands):
 
                 
    1 Percentage
  1 Percentage
    Point Increase   Point Decrease
 
Increase (Decrease) from change in health care cost trend rates
               
Other post-retirement benefit expense
  $ 11     $ (11 )
Other post-retirement benefit liability
  $ 60     $ (55 )


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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a description of recently issued and/or adopted accounting pronouncements.
 
Results of Operations
 
The table below sets forth certain operating data expressed as a percentage of revenues for the periods indicated:
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Revenues
    100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %
Cost of revenues
    87.5       97.9       90.3  
                         
Gross profit
    12.5       2.1       9.7  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    9.4       10.4       8.2  
Amortization expense
          0.1       0.2  
Gain on sale of long-lived asset
                (0.8 )
Goodwill and intangible asset impairment
          6.6       27.2  
Long-lived asset impairment
          3.8        
Restructuring charges
    0.3       0.8        
                         
Operating income (loss)
    2.8       (19.6 )     (25.1 )
Other (expense) income
    (0.8 )     (2.4 )     1.8  
Interest expense
    2.8       3.3       2.0  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
          0.3        
Expense relating to debt exchange
          0.6        
                         
Income (loss) before income taxes
    0.8       (21.4 )     (28.9 )
Benefit for income taxes
    (0.3 )     (3.6 )     (1.8 )
                         
Net income (loss)
    1.1 %     (17.8 )%     (27.1 )%
 
Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2009
 
Revenues.  Revenues increased $139.2 million, or 30.4%, to $597.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $458.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. This change resulted primarily from:
 
  •  a 30% increase in North American heavy-duty (class 8) truck production, fluctuations in production levels for other North American end markets and net new business awards resulting in approximately $67.8 million of increased revenues;
 
  •  increase in production levels due to higher global demand in our European, Australian and Asian markets resulting in approximately $73.8 million of increased revenues; and
 
  •  unfavorable foreign exchange fluctuations from the translation of our foreign operations into U.S. Dollars resulting in a decrease of approximately $2.4 million of revenues.
 
Gross Profit.  Gross profit increased $65.1 million to $74.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $9.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. As a percentage of revenues, gross profit increased to 12.5% for the year ended December 31, 2010 from 2.1% for the year ended December 31, 2009. This increase resulted primarily from increased revenues, material cost reductions, labor efficiencies and staffing reductions and reductions in fixed costs from the closure of certain manufacturing and assembly facilities.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.  Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $8.2 million, or 17.2%, to $56.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $47.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase resulted primarily from resumption of our incentive compensation program for 2010 and increased travel and development costs to support new product initiatives and future programs.


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Amortization Expense.  Amortization expense decreased to approximately $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from approximately $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. This decrease was primarily the result of the impairment of our definite-lived intangible assets relating to trademark/tradename in the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment.  In 2009, we determined that the significant declines in economic and industry conditions and the closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility were impairment indicators. As a result, we recorded impairments of approximately $26.0 million of indefinite-lived intangible assets relating to customer relationships and approximately $4.1 million of definite-lived intangible assets relating to trademark/tradename. We did not record any impairments for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Long-Lived Asset Impairment.  In 2009, we determined that the significant declines in economic and industry conditions and the closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility were impairment indicators. As a result, we recorded impairments of approximately $17.3 million as the carrying value of assets exceeded their estimated fair value. We did not record any impairments for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Restructuring Charges.  We recorded restructuring charges for the year ended December 31, 2010 of $1.7 million relating to the closure of certain manufacturing, warehousing and assembly facilities. We recorded restructuring charges for the year ended December 31, 2009 of $3.7 million relating to a reduction in our workforce and the closure of certain manufacturing, warehousing and assembly facilities.
 
Other Income.  We use forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency transaction exposures related primarily to our United Kingdom operations. We estimate our projected revenues and purchases in certain foreign currencies or locations and will hedge a portion or all of the anticipated long or short position. All existing forward foreign exchange contracts have been marked-to-market and the fair value of contracts recorded in the consolidated balance sheets with the offsetting non-cash gain or loss recorded in our consolidated statements of operations. The $4.8 million of income for the year ended December 31, 2010 and the $11.1 million of income for the year ended December 31, 2009 are primarily related to the noncash change in value of the forward exchange contracts in existence at the end of each period.
 
Interest Expense.  Interest expense increased $1.7 million to $16.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $15.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. This increase was primarily the result of higher average interest rates on our second lien term loan and third lien notes.
 
Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt.  In connection with entering into our revolving credit facility on January 7, 2009, we expensed approximately $0.8 million of fees relating to the prior senior credit agreement. In connection with entering into an amendment to our revolving credit facility on August 4, 2009, we recorded approximately $0.5 million in expense related to the write-off of previously deferred financing fees.
 
Expense Relating to Debt Exchange.  In connection with the private exchange of a portion of our 8% senior notes and the issuance of a new secured second lien term loan, we recorded approximately $2.9 million in third party fees relating to the modification of our debt arrangements during the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
Benefit for Income Taxes.  Our benefit for income taxes decreased $14.5 million to a benefit of $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, compared to an income tax benefit of $16.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Although we had pretax income for the period ended December 31, 2010, the $1.8 million tax benefit is primarily due to the release of certain tax reserves related to the closure of prior tax years, enacted tax credits, tax benefits booked in foreign jurisdictions, as well as valuation allowances against our deferred tax assets.
 
Net Income.  Net income increased $88.0 million to $6.5 million compared to a loss of $81.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily as a result of the factors discussed above.


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Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2008
 
Revenues.  Revenues decreased $304.9 million, or 39.9%, to $458.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 from $763.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. This change resulted primarily from:
 
  •  a 42% decrease in North American heavy-duty (class 8) truck production, fluctuations in production levels for other North American end markets and net new business awards resulted in approximately $192.6 million of decreased revenues;
 
  •  fluctuations in production levels due to lower global demand in our European, Australian and Asian markets of approximately $98.3 million; and
 
  •  unfavorable foreign exchange fluctuations from the translation of our foreign operations into U.S. Dollars of approximately $14.0 million.
 
Gross Profit.  Gross profit decreased $64.5 million, or 87.0%, to $9.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 from $74.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. As a percentage of revenues, gross profit decreased to 2.1% for the year ended December 31, 2009 from 9.7% for the year ended December 31, 2008. This decrease resulted primarily from our inability to reduce our overall costs in proportion to the decrease in revenues from the prior period. We continued to seek material cost reductions, labor efficiencies and staffing reductions, reductions in fixed costs from the closure of certain manufacturing and assembly facilities, as well as reductions in general operating costs.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.  Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $14.9 million, or 23.7%, to $47.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 from $62.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease resulted primarily from various cost cutting efforts taken during 2009 including reductions in salaries and wages, suspension of our 401(K) matching program and incentive compensation program for 2009, travel related cost reductions, as well as general cost reductions during the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
Amortization Expense.  Amortization expense decreased to approximately $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 from approximately $1.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. This decrease was primarily the result of the impairment of our definite-lived customer relationships relating to C.I.E.B. and PEKM.
 
Gain on Sale of Long-Lived Assets.  We sold the land and building of our Seattle, Washington facility, with a carrying value of approximately $1.2 million, for $7.3 million and recognized a gain on the sale of long-lived assets of approximately $6.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2008.
 
Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment.  In 2009, we determined that the significant declines in economic and industry conditions and the closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility were impairment indicators. As a result, we recorded impairments of approximately $26.0 million of indefinite-lived intangible assets relating to customer relationships and approximately $4.1 million of definite-lived intangible assets relating to trademark/tradename. In 2008, we determined that the significant decline in economic and industry conditions and the decline in our stock price were impairment indicators. As a result, we recorded impairments of approximately $144.7 million of goodwill and $62.8 million of intangible assets related to our customer relationships.
 
Long-Lived Asset Impairment.  In 2009, we determined that the significant declines in economic and industry conditions and the closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility were impairment indicators. As a result, we recorded impairments of approximately $17.3 million as the carrying value of assets exceeded their fair value.
 
Restructuring Charges.  We recorded restructuring charges for the year ended December 31, 2009 of $3.7 million relating to a reduction in our workforce and the closure of certain manufacturing, warehousing and assembly facilities. We did not record a restructuring charge for the same period in 2008.
 
Other (Income) Expense.  We use forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency transaction exposures related primarily to our United Kingdom operations. We estimate our projected revenues and purchases in certain foreign currencies or locations and will hedge a portion or all of the anticipated long or short position. We have designated that future forward contracts will be accounted for as cash flow hedges. All previously existing forward foreign exchange contracts have been marked-to-market and the fair value of contracts recorded in the


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consolidated balance sheets with the offsetting non-cash gain or loss recorded in our consolidated statements of operations. The $11.1 million income for the year ended December 31, 2009 and the $13.9 million expense for the year ended December 31, 2008 are primarily related to the noncash change in value of the forward exchange contracts in existence at the end of each period.
 
Interest Expense.  Interest expense decreased $0.3 million to $15.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 from $15.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. This decrease was primarily the result of lower average outstanding debt balances.
 
Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt.  In connection with entering into our revolving credit facility on January 7, 2009, we expensed approximately $0.8 million of fees relating to the prior senior credit agreement. In connection with entering into an amendment to our loan and security agreement on August 4, 2009, we recorded approximately $0.5 million in fees relating to a proportionate impairment of previously deferred financing fees.
 
Expense Relating to Debt Exchange.  In connection with the private exchange of a portion of our 8% senior notes and the issuance of a new secured second lien term loan, we recorded approximately $2.9 million in third party fees relating to the modification of our debt arrangements during the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
Benefit for Income Taxes.  Our effective tax rate during the year ended December 31, 2009 was 16.7% compared to 6.3% for 2008. Our benefit for income taxes increased $2.3 million to a benefit of $16.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to an income tax benefit of $14.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The increase in effective rate year over year can be primarily attributed to federal legislation passed in 2009 that allows our current year tax losses to be carried back for a period of five years. As a result of this legislation, we received a tax refund of $21 million during the second quarter of 2010.
 
Net Loss.  Net loss decreased $125.3 million to a loss of $81.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to net loss of $206.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, primarily as a result of the factors discussed above.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Cash Flows
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, cash provided by operations was approximately $17.6 million compared to $18.2 million in the year ended December 31, 2009. This decrease was primarily the result of favorable net income and the change in accounts receivable, inventory and prepaid expenses during the year. Cash provided by operations in the year ended December 31, 2008 was $9.7 million.
 
Net cash used in investing activities was approximately $10.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $7.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and $10.1 million in the year ended December 31, 2008. The amounts used in the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 was primarily related to capital expenditure purchases related to upgrades, replacements or new equipment, machinery and tooling. The amounts used in the year ended December 31, 2008 primarily reflect capital expenditure purchases related to upgrades, replacements or new equipment, machinery and tooling, which was offset by the proceeds from the sale of long-lived assets. Capital expenditures for 2011 are expected to be approximately $25.0 million.
 
Net cash provided by financing activities totaled approximately $24.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, compared to net cash used of $5.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to net cash provided of $5.0 million in the year ended December 31, 2008. The net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2010 was primarily related to proceeds from the issuance of stock in an offering in March 2010. The net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2009 was primarily related to repayments under our revolving credit facility, which was partially offset by proceeds from the issuance of our second lien term loan. The net cash provided by financing activities in the year ended December 31, 2008 was primarily related to borrowings on our prior revolving credit facility to fund ongoing operations.


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Debt and Credit Facilities
 
As of December 31, 2010, we had an aggregate of $165.0 million of outstanding indebtedness, excluding $3.8 million of outstanding letters of credit under various financing arrangements and an additional $33.7 million of borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility, which is subject to an availability block. Our indebtedness consisted of the following:
 
  •  $97.8 million of 8.0% senior notes due 2013;
 
  •  $13.8 million ($16.8 million principal amount, net of $3.0 million of original issue discount) of 15% second lien term loan due 2012;
 
  •  $47.6 million ($42.1 million principal amount, net of $5.5 million of issuance premium) of 11%/13% third lien secured notes due 2013; and
 
  •  $5.8 million of paid-in-kind interest on the 11%/13% third lien secured notes due 2013.
 
Revolving Credit Facility
 
On January 7, 2009, we and certain of our direct and indirect U.S. subsidiaries, as borrowers (the “borrowers”), entered into a revolving credit facility (the “revolving credit facility”) with Bank of America, N.A., as agent and lender, which, as amended, provides for a three-year asset-based revolving credit facility with an aggregate principal amount of up to $37.5 million (after giving effect to a second amendment to the revolving credit facility entered into on August 4, 2009), which is subject to an availability block of $10.0 million, until we deliver a compliance certificate for any fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2010 or thereafter demonstrating a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.1 to 1.0 for the most recent four fiscal quarters, at which time the availability block will be $7.5 million at all times while the fixed charge coverage ratio is at least 1.1 to 1.0 and certain borrowing base limitations are met. Up to an aggregate of $10.0 million is available to the borrowers for the issuance of letters of credit, which reduces availability under the revolving credit facility.
 
As of December 31, 2010, approximately $2.3 million in deferred fees relating to the revolving credit facility, our 8% senior notes and our third lien notes were outstanding and were being amortized over the life of the agreements.
 
Under the revolving credit facility, borrowings bear interest at various rates plus a margin based on certain financial ratios. The borrowers’ obligations under the revolving credit facility are secured by a first-priority lien (subject to certain permitted liens) on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of the borrowers, as well as 100% of the capital stock of the direct domestic subsidiaries of each borrower and 65% of the capital stock of each foreign subsidiary directly owned by a borrower. Each of CVG and each other borrower is jointly and severally liable for the obligations under the revolving credit facility and unconditionally guarantees the prompt payment and performance thereof.
 
Third Amendment to Revolving Credit Facility
 
On September 7, 2010, we entered into a third amendment (the “Third Amendment”) to the revolving credit facility. Pursuant to the Third Amendment, the applicable margin for borrowings was amended to reduce the applicable margin and include grid pricing based upon the fixed charge coverage ratio for the most recently ended fiscal quarter:
 
                     
        Domestic Base
    LIBOR
 
Level   Ratio   Rate Loans     Revolver Loans  
 
III
  £ 1.25 to 1.00     2.00 %     3.00 %
II
  ³ 1.25 to 1.00 but < 1.75 to 1.00     1.75 %     2.75 %
I
  ³ 1.75 to 1.00     1.50 %     2.50 %
 
Until delivery of the financial statements and corresponding compliance certificate for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2010, the applicable margin shall be set at Level II. Thereafter, the applicable margin shall be subject to increase or decrease following receipt by the agent of the financial statements and corresponding compliance


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certificate for each fiscal quarter. If the financial statements or corresponding compliance certificate are not timely delivered, then the highest rate shall be applicable until the first day of the calendar month following actual receipt.
 
In addition, the unused commitment fee was reduced to (i) .875% per annum times the unused commitment during any fiscal quarter in which the aggregate average daily unused commitment is equal to or greater than 50% of the revolver commitments or (ii) .625% per annum times the unused commitment during any fiscal quarter in which the aggregate average daily unused commitment is less than 50% of the revolver commitments.
 
Under the Third Amendment, Permitted Foreign Investments (as defined therein) were increased from $5.0 million annually and $10.0 million during the term of the agreement, to $10.0 million annually and $20.0 million during the term of the agreement, so long as the Domestic Availability (as defined therein) immediately prior to and after such investment is at least $5.0 million. Restricted Investments under Section 10.2.5 was also revised to allow for the investment in our Chinese subsidiary to be in the form of up to 70% Equity (as defined therein) and 30% intercompany loan, also subject to the annual and lifetime Permitted Foreign Investment limitations.
 
Pursuant to the Third Amendment, the limitations on other aggregate Investments (as defined therein) not otherwise permitted in the agreement, and other aggregate Debt (as defined therein) not otherwise permitted in the agreement, were increased to $1.5 million and $5.0 million, respectively.
 
Terms, Covenants and Compliance Status
 
We are not required to comply with the fixed charge coverage ratio requirement for as long as we maintain at least $5.0 million of borrowing availability (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) under the revolving credit facility. If borrowing availability (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) is less than $5.0 million for three consecutive business days or less than $2.5 million on any day, we would be required to comply with a fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.0:1.0 for fiscal quarters ending on or after March 31, 2010, and would be required to continue to comply with these requirements until we have borrowing availability (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) of $5.0 million or greater for 60 consecutive days.
 
Because we had borrowing availability in excess of $5.0 million (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) during the quarter ended December 31, 2010, we were not required to comply with the fixed charge coverage ratio during the quarter ended December 31, 2010.
 
The revolving credit facility also contains other customary restrictive covenants, including, without limitation, limitations on the ability of the borrowers and their subsidiaries to incur additional debt and guarantees; grant liens on assets; pay dividends or make other distributions; make investments or acquisitions; dispose of assets; make payments on certain indebtedness; merge, combine with any other person or liquidate; amend organizational documents; file consolidated tax returns with entities other than other borrowers or their subsidiaries; make material changes in accounting treatment or reporting practices; enter into restrictive agreements; enter into hedging agreements; engage in transactions with affiliates; enter into certain employee benefit plans; and amend subordinated debt or the indentures governing the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes. In addition, the revolving credit facility contains customary reporting and other affirmative covenants. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010.
 
The revolving credit facility contains customary events of default, including, without limitation: nonpayment of obligations under the revolving credit facility when due; material inaccuracy of representations and warranties; violation of covenants in the revolving credit facility and certain other documents executed in connection therewith; breach or default of agreements related to debt in excess of $5.0 million that could result in acceleration of that debt; revocation or attempted revocation of guarantees, denial of the validity or enforceability of the loan documents or failure of the loan documents to be in full force and effect; certain judgments in excess of $2.0 million; the inability of an obligor to conduct any material part of its business due to governmental intervention, loss of any material license, permit, lease or agreement necessary to the business; cessation of an obligor’s business for a material period of time; impairment of collateral through condemnation proceedings; certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency; certain Employee Retirement Income Securities Act (“ERISA”) events; and a change in control of CVG.


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The revolving credit facility requires us to make mandatory prepayments with the proceeds of certain asset dispositions and upon the receipt of insurance or condemnation proceeds to the extent we do not use the proceeds for the purchase of assets useful in our business.
 
Second Lien Credit Agreement
 
Concurrently with the notes exchange described below, on August 4, 2009, we and certain of our domestic subsidiaries entered into a discounted second lien credit facility (the “Second Lien Credit Agreement”) with Credit Suisse, as agent, and certain financial institutions, as lenders, providing for a term loan (the “second lien term loan”) in principal amount of $16.8 million, for proceeds of approximately $13.1 million (representing a discount of approximately 21.9%). We used these proceeds to repay borrowings under the revolving credit facility with Bank of America, N.A., and to pay approximately $3.1 million of transaction fees and expenses relating to the notes exchange described below, the issuance of the units consisting of 11%/13% Third Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2013 and warrants described below, the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the second amendment to the revolving credit agreement.
 
The second lien term loan bears interest at the fixed per annum rate of 15% until it matures on November 1, 2012. During an event of default, if the required lenders so elect, the interest rate applied to any outstanding obligations will be equal to the otherwise applicable rate plus 2.0%.
 
The Second Lien Credit Agreement provides that the second lien term loan is a senior secured obligation of CVG. CVG’s obligations under the Second Lien Credit Agreement are guaranteed by certain of CVG’s domestic subsidiaries (the “guarantors”). The obligations of CVG and the guarantors under the Second Lien Credit Agreement are secured by a second-priority lien on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of CVG and certain of its domestic subsidiaries, and a pledge of 100% of the capital stock of certain of our domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the capital stock of each foreign subsidiary directly owned by a domestic subsidiary.
 
The Second Lien Credit Agreement contains restrictive covenants, including, without limitation: limitations on our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to incur additional debt and guarantees; grant liens on assets; pay dividends or make other distributions; make investments or acquisitions; transfer or dispose of capital stock; dispose of assets; make payments on certain indebtedness; merge, combine with any other person or liquidate; engage in transactions with affiliates; engage in certain lines of business; enter into sale/leaseback transactions; and amend subordinated debt, the indenture governing the 8% senior notes or the indenture governing the third lien notes. In addition, the Second Lien Credit Agreement contains reporting covenants. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010. The debt covenant in the Second Lien Credit Agreement limits our ability to borrow under the revolving credit facility with Bank of America, N.A, to not more than $27.5 million at any one time, unless we demonstrate compliance with the fixed charge coverage ratio and minimum EBITDA (as defined in the revolving credit facility) covenant contained in the revolving credit facility. The Second Lien Credit Agreement contains events of default, including, without limitation: nonpayment of obligations under the Second Lien Credit Agreement when due; material inaccuracy of representations and warranties; violation of covenants in the Second Lien Credit Agreement and certain other documents executed in connection therewith; default or acceleration of agreements related to debt in excess of $10.0 million; certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency; judgment or decree entered against us or a guarantor for the payment of money in excess of $10.0 million; denial of the validity or enforceability of the second lien loan documents or any guaranty thereunder or failure of the second lien loan documents or any guaranty thereunder to be in full force and effect; and a change in control of CVG. The liens, the security interests and all of the obligations of CVG and the guarantors and all provisions regarding remedies in an event of default are subject to an intercreditor agreement among the agent for the revolving credit facility, the collateral agent under the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the collateral agent for the third lien notes and an intercreditor agreement among the collateral agent for the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the collateral agent for the third lien notes (the “Intercreditor Agreements”).
 
Amounts outstanding under the second lien term loan may be prepaid from time to time after the first anniversary of August 4, 2009, when accompanied by prepayment premium equal to (a) 7.5% of the accreted value of the amount prepaid if such prepayment occurs after August 4, 2010 but on or before August 4, 2011, (b) 3.75% of the accreted value of the amount prepaid if such prepayment occurs after August 4, 2011 but on or before August 4,


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2012, and (c) 0% of the accreted value of the amount prepaid if such prepayment occurs after August 4, 2012 without penalty or premium.
 
In addition, within five business days of certain permitted asset dispositions or receipt of insurance or condemnation proceeds, CVG must apply the net proceeds (in the case of asset dispositions) to prepay the term loan, except that the proceeds do not have to be used to prepay the term loan if they are used to acquire property that is useful in CVG’s business within 180 days of receipt of such proceeds but only if no default exists at that time and if the property so acquired will be free of liens, other than permitted liens. All provisions regarding voluntary and mandatory prepayments are subject to the Intercreditor Agreements.
 
Notes Exchange
 
On August 4, 2009, we announced a private exchange with certain holders of our 8% Senior Notes due 2013 (the “8% senior notes”) pursuant to an exchange agreement, dated as of August 4, 2009, by and between us, certain of our subsidiaries and the exchanging noteholders. Pursuant to the exchange agreement, we exchanged approximately $52.2 million in aggregate principal amount of the 8% senior notes for units consisting of (i) approximately $42.1 million in aggregate principal amount of the Company’s new 11%/13% Third Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2013 (the “third lien notes”) and (ii) warrants to purchase 745,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.35.
 
11%/13% Third Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2013
 
The third lien notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of August 4, 2009 (the “Third Lien Notes Indenture”), by and among CVG, certain of our subsidiaries party thereto, as guarantors (the “guarantors”) and U.S. Bank National Associates, as trustee.
 
Interest is payable on the third lien notes on February 15 and August 15 of each year until their maturity date of February 15, 2013. We paid interest entirely in pay-in-kind interest (“PIK interest”), by increasing the outstanding principal amount of the third lien notes, on the interest payment dates on February 15, 2010 and August 15, 2010, at an annual rate of 13.0%. We paid our February 15, 2011 interest payment in cash, at an annual rate of 11.0%. After February 15, 2011, we will be required to make all interest payments entirely in cash, at an annual rate of 11.0%.
 
The Third Lien Notes Indenture provides that the third lien notes are senior secured obligations of CVG. Our obligations under the third lien notes are guaranteed by the guarantors. The obligations of CVG and the guarantors under the third lien notes are secured by a third-priority lien on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of CVG and certain of its domestic subsidiaries, and a pledge of 100% of the capital stock of CVG’s domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the capital stock of each foreign subsidiary directly owned by a domestic subsidiary. The liens, the security interests and all obligations of CVG and the guarantors under the third lien notes are subject in all respects to the terms, provisions, conditions and limitations of the Intercreditor Agreements.
 
The Third Lien Notes Indenture contains restrictive covenants, including, without limitation, limitations on our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to: incur additional debt; pay dividends on, redeem or repurchase capital stock; restrict dividends or other payments of subsidiaries; make investments; engage in transactions with affiliates; create liens on assets; engage in sale/leaseback transactions; and consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets and the assets of our subsidiaries. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010.
 
The Third Lien Notes Indenture provides for events of default (subject in certain cases to customary grace and cure periods) which include, among others, nonpayment of principal or interest, breach of covenants or other agreements in the indenture governing the third lien notes, defaults in payment of certain other indebtedness, certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency and certain defaults with respect to the security documents. Generally, if an event of default occurs, the trustee or the holders of at least 25% in principal amount of the then outstanding third lien notes may declare the principal of and accrued but unpaid interest on all of the third lien notes to be due and payable. All provisions regarding remedies in an event of default are subject to the Intercreditor Agreements.
 
The third lien notes may be redeemed from time to time on or after February 15, 2011, at the following redemption prices (a) 111% of the principal amount if such redemption occurs on or after February 15, 2011 but prior to August 15, 2011, (b) 105.5% of the principal amount if such redemption occurs on or after August 15, 2011


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but prior to August 15, 2012, and (c) 100% of the principal amount if such redemption occurs on or after August 15, 2012. In addition, we may be required to make an offer to purchase the third lien notes in certain circumstances described in the Third Lien Notes Indenture, including in connection with a change in control.
 
8% Senior Notes Due 2013
 
The 8.0% senior notes are senior unsecured obligations and rank pari passu in right of payment to all of our existing and future senior indebtedness and are effectively subordinated to our existing and future secured obligations. The 8.0% senior notes are guaranteed by certain of our domestic subsidiaries.
 
The indenture governing the 8.0% senior notes contain covenants that limit, among other things, additional indebtedness, issuance of preferred stock, dividends, repurchases of capital stock or subordinated indebtedness, investments, liens, restrictions on the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends to us, sales of assets, sale/leaseback transactions, mergers and transactions with affiliates. Upon a change of control, each holder shall have the right to require that we purchase such holder’s securities at a purchase price in cash equal to 101% of the principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of repurchase. The indenture governing the 8.0% senior notes due 2013 also contains customary events of default. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010.
 
Covenants and Liquidity
 
We continue to operate in a challenging economic environment, and our ability to comply with the covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility may be affected in the future by economic or business conditions beyond our control. Based on our current forecast, we believe that we will be able to maintain compliance with the fixed charge coverage ratio covenant or the minimum availability requirement, if applicable, and other covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility for the next twelve months; however, no assurances can be given that we will be able to comply. We base our forecasts on historical experience, industry forecasts and various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. If actual results are substantially different than our current forecast, or if we do not realize a significant portion of our planned cost savings or generate sufficient cash, we could be required to comply with our financial covenants, and there is no assurance that we would be able to comply with such financial covenants. If we do not comply with the financial and other covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility, and we are unable to obtain necessary waivers or amendments from the lender, we would be precluded from borrowing under the revolving credit facility, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and liquidity. If we are unable to borrow under the revolving credit facility, we will need to meet our capital requirements using other sources. Due to current economic conditions, alternative sources of liquidity may not be available on acceptable terms if at all. In addition, if we do not comply with the financial and other covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility, the lender could declare an event of default under the revolving credit facility, and our indebtedness thereunder could be declared immediately due and payable, which would also result in an event of default under the second lien term loan, the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes. Any of these events would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and liquidity.
 
We believe that cash on hand, cash flow from operating activities together with available borrowings under the revolving credit facility will be sufficient to fund currently anticipated working capital, planned capital spending and debt service requirements for at least the next 12 months. No assurance can be given, however, that this will be the case.


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Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments
 
The following table reflects our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2010:
 
                                         
    Payments Due by Period  
          Less Than
                More Than
 
    Total     1 Year     1-3 Years     3-5 Years     5 Years  
    (In thousands)  
 
Long-term debt obligations
  $ 162,566     $     $ 162,566     $     $  
Estimated interest payments
    37,584       17,570       20,014              
Operating lease obligations
    48,565       10,628       15,451       10,475       12,011  
Pension and other post-retirement funding
    39,707       3,232       6,587       7,280       22,608  
                                         
Total
  $ 288,422     $ 31,430     $ 204,618     $ 17,755     $ 34,619  
                                         
 
We have recorded a liability of approximately $412 thousand of unrecognized tax benefits, and we are uncertain as to if or when such amounts may be settled. Related to the unrecognized tax benefits not included in the table above, the Company has also recorded a liability for potential penalties of $67 thousand and interest of $187 thousand.
 
Since December 31, 2010, there have been no material changes outside the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations as set forth above.
 
In addition to the obligations noted above, we have obligations reported as other long-term liabilities that consist primarily of long-term restructuring reserves, loss contracts and other items. We also enter into agreements with our customers at the beginning of a given platform’s life to supply products for the entire life of that vehicle platform, which is typically five to seven years. These agreements generally provide for the supply of a customer’s production requirements for a particular platform, rather than for the purchase of a specific quantity of products. Accordingly, our obligations under these agreements are not reflected in the contractual obligations table above.
 
As of December 31, 2010, we were not party to significant purchase obligations for goods or services.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We use standby letters of credit to guarantee our performance under various contracts and arrangements, principally in connection with our workers’ compensation liabilities and for leases on equipment and facilities. These letter of credit contracts are usually extended on a year-to-year basis. As of December 31, 2010, we had outstanding letters of credit of $3.8 million. We do not believe that these letters of credit will be required to be drawn.
 
We currently have no non-consolidated special purpose entity arrangements.
 
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
We are exposed to various market risks, including changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. Market risk is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as foreign currency exchange and interest rates. We do not enter into derivatives or other financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. We do enter into financial instruments, from time to time, to manage and reduce the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates and to hedge a portion of future anticipated currency transactions. The counterparties are primarily major financial institutions.
 
We manage our interest rate risk by balancing the amount of our fixed rate and variable rate debt. For fixed rate debt, interest rate changes affect the fair market value of such debt but do not impact earnings or cash flows. Conversely for variable rate debt, interest rate changes generally do not affect the fair market value of such debt, but do impact future earnings and cash flows, assuming other factors are held constant. None of our debt was variable rate debt at December 31, 2010 and 2009. Holding other variables constant (such as foreign exchange rates and debt


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levels), a one percentage point change in interest rates would not have a material impact on pre-tax earnings and cash flows.
 
Foreign Currency Risk
 
Foreign currency risk is the risk that we will incur economic losses due to adverse changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We use forward exchange contracts to hedge certain of the foreign currency transaction exposures primarily related to our United Kingdom operations. We estimate our projected revenues and purchases in certain foreign currencies or locations, and will hedge a portion or all of the anticipated long or short position. The contracts typically run from three months up to eighteen months. All existing forward foreign exchange contracts have been marked-to-market and the fair value of contracts recorded in the consolidated balance sheets with the offsetting noncash gain or loss recorded in our consolidated statements of operations. We do not hold or issue foreign exchange options or forward contracts for trading purposes.
 
Outstanding foreign currency forward exchange contracts at December 31, 2010 are more fully described in the notes to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We did not have any outstanding foreign currency forward exchange contracts at December 31, 2010.
 
Our primary exposures to foreign currency exchange fluctuations are pound sterling, Eurodollar and Japanese yen. At December 31, 2010, the potential reduction in earnings from a hypothetical instantaneous 10% adverse change in quoted foreign currency spot rates applied to foreign currency sensitive instruments is limited by the assumption that all of the foreign currencies to which we are exposed would simultaneously decrease by 10% because such synchronized changes are unlikely to occur.
 
Foreign Currency Transactions
 
A portion of our revenues during the year ended December 31, 2010 were derived from manufacturing operations outside of the U.S. The results of operations and the financial position of our operations in these other countries are primarily measured in their respective currency and translated into U.S. dollars. A portion of the expenses generated in these countries is in currencies different from which revenue is generated. As discussed above, from time to time, we enter into forward exchange contracts to mitigate a portion of this currency risk. The reported income of these operations will be higher or lower depending on a weakening or strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the respective foreign currency.
 
A portion of our assets at December 31, 2010 are based in our foreign operations and are translated into U.S. dollars at foreign currency exchange rates in effect as of the end of each period, with the effect of such translation reflected as a separate component of stockholders’ investment. Accordingly, our stockholders’ investment will fluctuate depending upon the weakening or strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the respective foreign currency.
 
Effects of Inflation
 
Inflation potentially affects us in two principal ways. First, a portion of our debt is tied to prevailing short-term interest rates that may change as a result of inflation rates, translating into changes in interest expense. Second, general inflation can impact material purchases, labor and other costs. In many cases, we have limited ability to pass through inflation-related cost increases due to the competitive nature of the markets that we serve. In the past few years, however, inflation has not been a significant factor.


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Item 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Documents Filed as Part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K
 
         
    Page
 
    54  
    55  
    56  
    57  
    58  
    59  
Item 15 — Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
    104  


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc.
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in Item 15. These consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, such financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.
 
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on the criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated March 15, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP
 
Columbus, Ohio
March 15, 2011


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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
December 31, 2010 and 2009
 
                 
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands, except
 
    share and per share
 
    amounts)  
 
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
               
Cash
  $ 42,591     $ 9,524  
Accounts receivable, net of reserve for doubtful accounts of $2,717 and $1,812, respectively
    91,101       74,063  
Inventories
    66,622       58,051  
Prepaid expenses and other, net
    11,109       26,781  
                 
Total current assets
    211,423       168,419  
                 
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
               
Land and buildings
    24,781       26,740  
Machinery and equipment
    122,171       120,476  
Construction in progress
    9,514       5,584  
Less accumulated depreciation
    (97,145 )     (90,485 )
                 
Property, plant and equipment, net
    59,321       62,315  
INTANGIBLE ASSETS, net of accumulated amortization of $2,245 and $2,006, respectively
    3,848       4,087  
OTHER ASSETS, net
    11,615       15,688  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 286,207     $ 250,509  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 61,216     $ 59,657  
Accrued liabilities
    34,130       32,977  
                 
Total current liabilities
    95,346       92,634  
                 
LONG-TERM DEBT
    164,987       162,644  
PENSION AND OTHER POST-RETIREMENT BENEFITS
    23,343       26,915  
OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
    2,643       6,081  
                 
Total liabilities
    286,319       288,274  
                 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 13)
               
STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT:
               
Preferred stock $.01 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding; common stock $.01 par value; 30,000,000 shares authorized; 27,756,759 and 22,070,531 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
    280       221  
Treasury stock purchased from employees; 285,208 shares and 130,674 shares, respectively
    (2,851 )     (1,090 )
Additional paid-in capital
    215,491       186,291  
Retained loss
    (193,359 )     (199,846 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (19,673 )     (23,341 )
                 
Total stockholders’ deficit
    (112 )     (37,765 )
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
  $ 286,207     $ 250,509  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except share and per share amounts)  
 
REVENUES
  $ 597,779     $ 458,569     $ 763,489  
COST OF REVENUES
    522,982       448,912       689,284  
                         
Gross Profit
    74,797       9,657       74,205  
SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
    56,111       47,874       62,764  
AMORTIZATION EXPENSE
    240       389       1,379  
GAIN ON SALE OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
                (6,075 )
GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSET IMPAIRMENT
          30,135       207,531  
LONG-LIVED ASSET IMPAIRMENT
          17,272        
RESTRUCTURING COSTS
    1,730       3,651        
                         
Operating Income (Loss)
    16,716       (89,664 )     (191,394 )
OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSE
    (4,780 )     (11,119 )     13,945  
INTEREST EXPENSE
    16,834       15,133       15,389  
LOSS ON EARLY EXTINGUISHMENT OF DEBT
          1,254        
EXPENSE RELATING TO DEBT EXCHANGE
          2,902        
                         
Income (Loss) Before Benefit for Income Taxes
    4,662       (97,834 )     (220,728 )
BENEFIT FOR INCOME TAXES
    (1,825 )     (16,299 )     (13,969 )
                         
NET INCOME (LOSS)
  $ 6,487     $ (81,535 )   $ (206,759 )
                         
INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE:
                       
Basic
  $ 0.25     $ (3.74 )   $ (9.58 )
                         
Diluted
  $ 0.24     $ (3.74 )   $ (9.58 )
                         
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:
                       
Basic
    26,247       21,811       21,579  
                         
Diluted
    26,994       21,811       21,579  
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ (DEFICIT) INVESTMENT
Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
 
                                                         
                            Retained
    Accum.
       
                      Additional
    Earnings
    Other
       
    Common Stock     Treasury
    Paid-In
    (Accum.
    Comp.
       
    Shares     Amount     Stock     Capital     Deficit)     Loss     Total  
    (In thousands, except share data)  
 
BALANCE — December 31, 2007
    21,536,814     $ 215     $ (414 )   $ 177,421     $ 88,818     $ (705 )   $ 265,335  
                                                         
Issuance of restricted stock
    227,922       2                               2  
Surrender of common stock by employees
    (18,321 )           (41 )                       (41 )
Share-based compensation expense
                      3,782                   3,782  
Excess tax benefit — equity transactions
                      (355 )                 (355 )
Comprehensive loss:
                                                       
Net loss
                            (206,759 )           (206,759 )
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                                  (13,077 )     (13,077 )
Minimum pension liability adjustment, net of tax
                                  (4,742 )     (4,742 )
Derivative instruments
                                  167       167  
                                                         
Total comprehensive loss
                                                    (224,411 )
                                                         
Adjustment to initially apply FAS 158, net of tax
                            (370 )           (370 )
                                                         
BALANCE — December 31, 2008
    21,746,415     $ 217     $ (455 )   $ 180,848     $ (118,311 )   $ (18,357 )   $ 43,942  
                                                         
Issuance of restricted stock
    408,316       4                               4  
Surrender of common stock by employees
    (84,200 )           (635 )                       (635 )
Share-based compensation expense
                      2,831                   2,831  
Issuance of stock warrants
                      2,561                   2,561  
Excess tax benefit — equity transactions
                      51                   51  
Comprehensive loss:
                                                       
Net loss
                            (81,535 )           (81,535 )
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                                  150       150  
Minimum pension liability adjustment, net of tax
                                  (5,134 )     (5,134 )
                                                         
Total comprehensive loss
                                                    (86,519 )
                                                         
BALANCE — December 31, 2009
    22,070,531     $ 221     $ (1,090 )   $ 186,291     $ (199,846 )   $ (23,341 )   $ (37,765 )
                                                         
Exercise of common stock under stock option and equity incentive plan
    203,565       2             1,124                   1,126  
Issuance of restricted stock
    567,536       6                               6  
Surrender of common stock by employees
    (154,534 )           (1,761 )                       (1,761 )
Public offering of common stock
    4,370,000       44             25,315                   25,359  
Share-based compensation expense
                      2,768                   2,768  
Exercise of stock warrants
    699,661       7             (7 )                  
Comprehensive income:
                                                       
Net income
                            6,487             6,487  
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                                  212       212  
Minimum pension liability adjustment, net of tax
                                  3,456       3,456  
                                                         
Total comprehensive income
                                                    10,155  
                                                         
BALANCE — December 31, 2010
    27,756,759     $ 280     $ (2,851 )   $ 215,491     $ (193,359 )   $ (19,673 )   $ (112 )
                                                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 6,487     $ (81,535 )   $ (206,759 )
                         
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
    11,564       16,667       19,062  
Noncash amortization of debt financing costs
    1,514       1,448       671  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
          1,254        
Amortization of bond discount/premium, net
    (1,226 )     (550 )      
Paid-in-kind interest
    3,569       2,263        
Pension plan contributions
    (1,977 )     (1,735 )     (2,464 )
Shared-based compensation expense
    2,782       2,831       3,784  
(Gain) loss on sale of assets
    (92 )     713       (5,786 )
Deferred income tax benefit
    (29 )           (1,069 )
Noncash (gain) loss on forward exchange contracts
    (4,334 )     (10,965 )     13,751  
Goodwill and intangible asset impairment
          30,135       207,531  
Long-lived asset impairment
          17,272        
Change in other operating items:
                       
Accounts receivable
    (17,452 )     28,190       692  
Inventories
    (9,155 )     34,462       (533 )
Prepaid expenses
    17,456       (5,606 )     (5,497 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    6,291       (19,928 )     (14,349 )
Other assets and liabilities
    2,165       3,265       709  
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities
    17,563       18,181       9,743  
                         
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
                       
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
    (10,101 )     (5,605 )     (12,110 )
Proceeds from disposal/sale of property plant and equipment
                7,468  
Proceeds from disposal/sale of other assets
    102       54        
Post-acquisition and acquistion payments, net of cash received
                (3,807 )
Long-term supply contracts, other
    44       (2,194 )     (1,685 )
                         
Net cash used in investing activities
    (9,955 )     (7,745 )     (10,134 )
                         
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
                       
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net
    25,359              
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under equity incentive plans
    1,132       4        
Surrender of common stock by employees
    (1,761 )     (635 )     (41 )
Excess tax benefit from equity incentive plans
          51       (355 )
Repayment of revolving credit facility
          (27,013 )     (210,966 )
Borrowings under revolving credit facility
          12,213       216,535  
Borrowings of long-term debt
          13,121        
Payments on capital lease obligations
          (94 )     (130 )
Debt issuance costs and other
          (3,263 )      
                         
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    24,730       (5,616 )     5,043  
                         
EFFECT OF CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH
    729       (2,606 )     (7,209 )
                         
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH
    33,067       2,214       (2,557 )
CASH:
                       
Beginning of period
    9,524       7,310       9,867  
                         
End of period
  $ 42,591     $ 9,524     $ 7,310  
                         
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
                       
Cash paid for interest
  $ 10,576     $ 13,226     $ 13,690  
                         
Cash received for income taxes, net
  $ (20,873 )   $ (4,149 )   $ (3,285 )
                         
Unpaid purchases of property and equipment included in accounts payable
  $ 544     $ 535     $ 413  
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
 
1.   Organization
 
Commercial Vehicle Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“CVG” or the “Company”) design and manufacture seat systems, interior trim systems (including instrument and door panels, headliners, cabinetry, molded products and floor systems), cab structures and components, mirrors, wiper systems, electronic wiring harness assemblies and controls and switches for the global commercial vehicle market, including the heavy-duty truck market, the construction, military, bus, agriculture and specialty transportation markets. We have facilities located in the U.S. in Arizona, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Virginia and Washington and outside of the U.S. in Australia, Belgium, China, Czech Republic, Mexico, Ukraine and the United Kingdom.
 
2.   Significant Accounting Policies
 
Principles of Consolidation — The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Use of Estimates — The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. of America (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ materially from those estimates.
 
Cash — Cash and cash equivalents consist of highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less. Cash equivalents are stated at cost, which approximates fair value.
 
Accounts Receivable — Trade accounts receivable are stated at current value less an allowance for doubtful accounts, which approximates fair value. This estimated allowance is based primarily on management’s evaluation of specific balances as the balances become past due, the financial condition of our customers and our historical experience of write-offs. If not reserved through specific identification procedures, our general policy for uncollectible accounts is to reserve at a certain percentage, based upon the aging categories of accounts receivable and our historical experience with write-offs. Past due status is based upon the due date of the original amounts outstanding. When items are ultimately deemed uncollectible, they are charged off against the reserve previously established in the allowance for doubtful accounts.
 
Inventories — We maintain our inventory for the manufacture of goods for sale to our customers. Inventory is composed of three categories: Raw Materials, Work in Process, and Finished Goods. These categories are generally defined as follows: Raw Materials consist of materials that have been acquired and are available for the production cycle; Work in Process is composed of materials that have been moved into the production process and have some measurable amount of labor and overhead added; Finished Goods are materials with added labor and overhead that have completed the production cycle and are awaiting sale and delivery to customers.
 
Inventories are valued at the lower of first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) cost or market. Cost includes applicable material, labor and overhead. We value our finished goods inventory at a standard cost that is periodically adjusted to approximate actual cost. Inventory quantities on-hand are regularly reviewed, and where necessary, provisions for excess and obsolete inventory are recorded based primarily on our estimated production requirements driven by expected market volumes. Excess and obsolete provisions may vary by product depending upon future potential use of the product.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Property, Plant and Equipment — Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. For financial reporting purposes, depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives:
 
         
Buildings and improvements
    15 to 40 years  
Machinery and equipment
    3 to 20 years  
Tools and dies
    3 to 7 years  
Computer hardware and software
    3 to 5 years  
 
Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Expenditures for major betterments and renewals that extend the useful lives of property, plant and equipment are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful lives of the asset. When assets are retired or sold, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in the results of operations. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the improvements or the term of the lease, whichever is shorter. Accelerated depreciation methods are used for tax reporting purposes.
 
We review long-lived assets for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that carrying amounts of an asset group may not be recoverable. Our asset groups are established primarily by determining the lowest level of cash flows available. If the estimated undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying amounts of such assets, we recognize an impairment loss in an amount necessary to write down the assets to fair value as estimated from expected future discounted cash flows. Estimating the fair value of these assets is judgmental in nature and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable, but that are inherently uncertain.
 
Based upon the decline in expected revenue growth rates and operating margins used to estimate future cash flow resulting from the decline in North American Class 8 build rate from the prior year and lower demand in our construction markets, we determined that an impairment indicator existed for all of our asset groups during the second quarter of fiscal 2009. We reviewed the sum of expected future undiscounted cash flows from operating activities to determine if the estimated undiscounted net cash flows were less than the carrying amount of such assets. As a result, we performed an analysis to estimate the fair value of our long-lived assets for those asset groups that were not recoverable. We determined that the carrying value of the assets of approximately $7.6 million exceeded their fair value of approximately $4.2 million and recorded an impairment charge of approximately $3.4 million.
 
Based upon the decline in expected revenue growth rates and operating margins used to estimate projected future cash flow resulting from the closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility, the extended decline in production units in the Class 8 market and lower demand in our construction market, we determined that an impairment indicator existed for all of our asset groups during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009. We reviewed the sum of expected future undiscounted cash flows from operating activities to determine if the estimated undiscounted net cash flows were less than the carrying amount of such assets. As a result, we performed an analysis to estimate the fair value of our long-lived assets for those asset groups that were not recoverable. We determined that the carrying value of the assets exceeded their fair value and recorded an impairment charge of approximately $13.9 million for long-lived assets.
 
As a result of the closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility, we are actively marketing the sale of approximately $2.3 million of assets consisting of $1.4 million in land and building and approximately $0.9 million in machinery and equipment and have, therefore, classified the assets as held-for-sale.
 
We did not record impairments in 2010 or 2008 relating to our long-lived assets.
 
Intangible Assets — Definite-Lived — We review definite-lived intangible assets for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that carrying amounts may not be recoverable. If the estimated


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying amount of such assets, we recognize an impairment loss in an amount necessary to write down the assets to fair value as estimated from expected future discounted cash flows. Estimating the fair value of these assets is judgmental in nature and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable, but that are inherently uncertain.
 
Intangible Assets — Indefinite-Lived — We review indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually in the second fiscal quarter and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may be greater than fair value. Estimating the fair value of these assets is judgmental in nature and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable, but that are inherently uncertain.
 
To estimate the fair value of these indefinite-lived intangible assets, we use an income approach, which utilizes a market derived rate of return to discount anticipated performance. We recognize an impairment loss when the estimated fair value of the intangible asset is less than the carrying value.
 
See Note 10 for additional information on our intangible assets.
 
Revenue Recognition — We recognize revenue when 1) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, 2) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, 3) there is a fixed or determinable price, and 4) collectability is reasonably assured. Our products are generally shipped from our facilities to our customers, which is when title passes to the customer for substantially all of our revenues.
 
Provisions for anticipated contract losses are recognized at the time they become evident. In that regard, in certain instances, we may be committed under existing agreements to supply product to our customers at selling prices that are not sufficient to cover the cost to produce such product. In such situations, we record a provision for the estimated future amount of such losses. Such losses are recognized at the time that the loss is probable and reasonably estimable and are recorded at the minimum amount necessary to fulfill our obligations to our customers. We recorded approximately $1.7 million as of December 31, 2010 and approximately $2.6 million as of December 31, 2009 for anticipated contract losses. These amounts, as they relate to the year ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 are included within accrued liabilities and other long-term liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
 
Warranty — We are subject to warranty claims for products that fail to perform as expected due to design or manufacturing deficiencies. Customers continue to require their outside suppliers to guarantee or warrant their products and bear the cost of repair or replacement of such products. Depending on the terms under which we supply products to our customers, a customer may hold us responsible for some or all of the repair or replacement costs of defective products, when the product supplied did not perform as represented. Our policy is to record provisions for estimated future customer warranty costs based on historical trends and current economic factors. These amounts, as they relate to the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 are included within accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The following presents a summary of the warranty provision for the years ended December 31 (in thousands):
 
                 
    2010     2009  
 
Balance — Beginning of the year
  $ 3,066     $ 3,706  
Additional provisions recorded
    1,212       1,811  
Deduction for payments made
    (1,620 )     (2,459 )
Currency translation adjustment
    (5 )     8  
                 
Balance — End of year
  $ 2,653     $ 3,066  
                 
 
Income Taxes — We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in our financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax laws and rates. We recognize tax positions initially in the financial statements when it is more likely than not the position will be sustained upon examination by the tax authorities. Such tax positions are initially and subsequently measured as the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the tax authority assuming full knowledge of the position and all relevant facts.
 
Comprehensive Loss — Comprehensive loss reflects the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. Comprehensive loss represents net loss adjusted for foreign currency translation adjustments and minimum pension liability adjustments. We disclose comprehensive loss in the consolidated statements of stockholders’ deficit. The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss consisted of the following as of December 31 (in thousands):
 
                 
    2010     2009  
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
  $ (7,846 )   $ (8,058 )
Minimum pension liability adjustment
    (11,827 )     (15,283 )
                 
    $ (19,673 )   $ (23,341 )
                 
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments — The fair value framework requires the categorization of assets and liabilities into three levels based upon the assumptions (inputs) used to price the assets or liabilities. Level 1 provides the most reliable measure of fair value, whereas Level 3 generally requires significant management judgment. The three levels are defined as follows:
 
Level 1 — Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
 
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than those included in Level 1. For example, quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in inactive markets.
 
Level 3 — Significant unobservable inputs reflecting management’s own assumptions about the inputs used in pricing the asset or liability.
 
Concentrations of Credit Risk — Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and accounts receivable. We place our cash equivalents with high credit-quality financial institutions. We sell products to various companies throughout the world in the ordinary course of business. We routinely assess the financial strength of our customers and maintain allowances for anticipated losses. Customers that accounted for a significant portion of consolidated revenues for each of the three years ended December 31 were as follows:
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
PACCAR
    12 %     14 %     12 %
Caterpillar
    12       7       11  
Volvo/Mack
    11       10       10  
International (Navistar)
    11       16       15  
Daimler Trucks
    11       9       11  
Oshkosh Truck
    8       8       5  
 
As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, receivables from these customers represented approximately 60% and 68% of total receivables, respectively.
 
Foreign Currency Translation — Our functional currency is the local currency. Accordingly, all assets and liabilities of our foreign subsidiaries are translated using exchange rates in effect at the end of the period and revenue and costs are translated using average exchange rates for the period. The related translation adjustments are reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ (deficit) investment. Translation gains and


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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
losses arising from transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the entity involved are included in the results of operations.
 
Foreign Currency Forward Exchange Contracts — We use forward exchange contracts to hedge certain of the foreign currency transaction exposures primarily related to our United Kingdom operations. We estimate our projected revenues and purchases in certain foreign currencies or locations, and hedge a portion or all of the anticipated long or short position. The contracts typically run from three months up to eighteen months. All forward foreign exchange contracts have been marked-to-market and the fair value of contracts recorded in the consolidated balance sheets with the offsetting non-cash gain or loss recorded in our consolidated statements of operations. We do not hold or issue foreign exchange options or forward contracts for trading purposes.
 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements — In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-6, “Improving Disclosures about Fair Value Measurements,” which requires interim disclosures regarding significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements. Additionally, ASU 2010-6 requires disclosure for each class of assets and liabilities and disclosures about the valuation techniques and inputs used to measure fair value for both recurring and non-recurring fair value measurements. These disclosures are required for fair value measurements that fall in either Level 2 or Level 3. Further, ASU 2010-6 requires separate presentation of Level 3 activity for the fair value measurements. We adopted the interim disclosure requirements under this standard during the quarter ended March 31, 2010, with the exception of the separate presentation in the Level 3 activity rollforward, which is not effective until fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim periods within those fiscal years.
 
3.   Fair Value Measurement
 
At December 31, 2010, our financial instruments consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and revolving credit facility. The carrying value of these instruments approximates fair value as a result of the short duration of such instruments or due to the variability of the interest cost associated with such instruments. The estimated fair value of our 8% senior notes due 2013 (the “8% senior notes”) at December 31, 2010, per quoted market sources, was approximately $93.1 million with a carrying value of approximately $97.8 million. The estimated fair value of our second lien term loan (the “second lien term loan”) and our 11%/13% senior secured notes (the “third lien notes”) at December 31, 2010, using debt with similar terms and maturities, was approximately $18.5 million and $47.8 million with a carrying value of approximately $13.8 million and $53.4 million, respectively.
 
The fair values of our derivative assets and liabilities as of December 31 are categorized as follows (in thousands):
 
                                                                 
    2010     2009  
    Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
 
Derivative assets(1)
  $     $     $     $     $ 66     $     $ 66     $  
                                                                 
Derivative liabilities(1)
  $     $     $     $     $ 4,400     $     $ 4,400     $  
                                                                 
 
 
(1) Based on observable market transactions of spot and forward rates.
 
Our derivative assets and liabilities represent foreign exchange contracts that are measured at fair value using observable market inputs such as forward rates, interest rates, our own credit risk and our counterparties’ credit risks. Based on these inputs, the derivative assets and liabilities are classified as Level 2.


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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The following table summarizes the notional amount of our open foreign exchange contracts at December 31 (in thousands):
 
                                 
    2010     2009  
          U.S.
          U.S.
 
    U.S. $
    Equivalent
    U.S. $
    Equivalent
 
    Equivalent     Fair Value     Equivalent     Fair Value  
 
Commitments to buy currencies:
                               
Japanese yen
  $     $     $ (345 )   $ (338 )
                                 
Commitments to sell currencies:
                               
Euro
  $     $     $ 12,809     $ 15,095  
Japanese yen
                8,004       10,045  
                                 
    $     $     $ 20,813     $ 25,140  
                                 
Total
  $     $     $ 20,468     $ 24,802  
                                 
 
We consider the impact of our credit risk on the fair value of the contracts, as well as the ability to execute obligations under the contract.
 
The following table summarizes the fair value and presentation in the consolidated balance sheets for derivatives not designated as accounting hedges at December 31 (in thousands):
 
                         
    Asset Derivatives  
    2010     2009  
    Balance Sheet
        Balance Sheet
     
    Location   Fair Value     Location   Fair Value  
 
Foreign exchange contracts
  Other assets   $     Other assets   $ 66  
                         
 
                         
    Liability Derivatives  
    2010     2009  
    Balance Sheet
        Balance Sheet
     
    Location   Fair Value     Location   Fair Value  
 
Foreign exchange contracts
  Accrued liabilities   $     Accrued liabilities   $ 4,400  
                         
 
The following table summarizes the effect of derivative instruments on the consolidated statements of operations for derivatives not designated as accounting hedges at December 31 (in thousands):
 
                     
        2010     2009  
    Location of Gain
  Amount of Gain
 
    Recognized in Income on
  Recognized in Income
 
    Derivatives   on Derivatives  
 
Foreign exchange contracts
  Other Income   $ 4,334     $ 10,965  
 
The carrying amounts and fair values of our long-term debt at December 31 are as follows (in thousands):
 
                                 
    2010   2009
    Carrying
      Carrying
   
    Amount   Fair Value   Amount   Fair Value
 
Long-term debt
  $ 164,987     $ 159,376     $ 162,644     $ 103,473  
 
The following methods were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments:
 
Long-term debt.  The fair value of long-term debt obligations is based on quoted market prices or on rates available on debt with similar terms and maturities. Based on these inputs, our long-term debt is classified as Level 2.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
There were no fair value measurements of our long-lived assets and definite-lived intangible assets measured on a non-recurring basis as of December 31, 2010. The following table summarizes the fair value measurement of our long-lived assets and definite-lived intangible assets measured on a non-recurring basis during the year ended December 31, 2009 (in thousands):
 
                                         
    Fair Value Measurements Using  
                            Total Gains
 
    Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     (Losses)  
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
  $ 14,576     $     $     $ 14,576     $ (17,272 )
Definite-lived intangible asset
  $ 1,300     $     $     $ 1,300       (4,135 )
Indefinite-lived intangible asset
  $     $     $     $       (26,000 )
                                         
                                    $ (47,407 )
                                         
 
Subsequent to the issuance of the 2009 financial statements, we determined the amounts previously disclosed for the fair values of property, plant and equipment of $62.3 million and the definite-lived intangible asset of $4.1 million were incorrect and, accordingly, have been corrected in the table above. The correction had no impact on the 2009 consolidated balance sheet, statement of operations or statement of cash flows.
 
4.   Business Combinations
 
None.
 
5.   Inventories
 
Inventories consisted of the following as of December 31 (in thousands):
 
                 
    2010     2009  
 
Raw materials
  $ 46,194     $ 41,677  
Work in process
    12,477       8,955  
Finished goods
    13,727       14,433  
Less: excess and obsolete
    (5,776 )     (7,014 )
                 
    $ 66,622     $ 58,051  
                 
 
6.   Other Assets
 
Other assets consisted of the following as of December 31 (in thousands):
 
                 
    2010     2009  
 
Long-term supply contracts
  $ 6,995     $ 7,654  
Debt financing costs
    2,302       3,816  
Deferred compensation
    1,991       1,762  
Long-term tax receivable
    298       2,390  
Other assets
    29       66  
                 
    $ 11,615     $ 15,688  
                 


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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
7.   Accrued Liabilities
 
Accrued liabilities, other consisted of the following as of December 31 (in thousands):
 
                 
    2010     2009  
 
Compensation and benefits
  $ 15,870     $ 9,796  
Interest
    6,060       4,066  
Warranty costs
    2,653       3,066  
Legal and professional fees
    1,491       3,361  
Loss contracts
    648       751  
Restructuring
    1,014       1,121  
Foreign currency forward contracts
          4,400  
Other
    6,394       6,416  
                 
    $ 34,130     $ 32,977  
                 
 
8.   Restructuring
 
In 2009, we announced the following restructuring plans:
 
  •  A reduction in workforce and the closure of certain manufacturing, warehousing and assembly facilities. The facilities closed included an assembly and sequencing facility in Kent, Washington; seat sequencing and assembly facility in Statesville, North Carolina; manufacturing facility in Lake Oswego, Oregon; inventory and product warehouse in Concord, North Carolina; and seat assembly and distribution facility in Seneffs, Belgium. The decision to reduce our workforce was the result of the extended downturn of the global economy and, in particular, the commercial vehicle markets. We substantially completed these activities as of December 31, 2009.
 
  •  The closure of our Vancouver, Washington manufacturing facility. The decision to close the facility was the result of the extended downturn of the global economy and, in particular, the commercial vehicle markets. We substantially completed this closure as of December 31, 2009.
 
  •  The closure and consolidation of one of our facilities located in Liberec, Czech Republic and the closing of our Norwalk, Ohio truck cab assembly facility. The closure and consolidation of our Liberec, Czech Republic facility was a result of management’s continued focus on reducing fixed costs and eliminating excess capacity. The closure of this facility was substantially completed as of December 31, 2009. The closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility was a result of Navistar’s decision to insource the cab assembly operations into its existing assembly facility in Escobedo, Mexico. We substantially completed the Norwalk closure as of September 30, 2010.
 
We estimate that we will record total cash expenditures for all of these restructurings of approximately $6.0 million, consisting of approximately $2.2 million of severance costs and $3.8 million of facility closure costs. For the year ended December 31, 2010, we incurred charges of approximately $0.4 million in employee related costs and $1.3 million in facility closure costs. We have incurred cumulative restructuring charges of $5.4 million consisting of approximately $2.4 million of severance costs and $3.0 million of facility closure costs as of December 31, 2010.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
A summary of the restructuring liability for the years ended December 31 is as follows (in thousands):
 
                                                 
    2010     2009  
          Facility Exit
                Facility Exit
       
          and Other
                and Other
       
    Employee
    Contractual
          Employee
    Contractual
       
    Costs     Costs     Total     Costs     Costs     Total  
 
Balance — Beginning of the year
  $ 337     $ 1,454     $ 1,791     $     $     $  
Provisions
    449       1,281       1,730       1,961       1,690       3,651  
Utilizations
    (685 )     (1,322 )     (2,007 )     (1,624 )     (236 )     (1,860 )
Currency
          (51 )     (51 )                  
                                                 
Balance — End of the year
  $ 101     $ 1,362     $ 1,463     $ 337     $ 1,454     $ 1,791  
                                                 
 
9.   Debt
 
Debt consisted of the following at December 31 (in thousands):
 
                 
    2010     2009  
 
8.0% senior notes due 2013
  $ 97,810     $ 97,810  
15% second lien term loan ($16,800 principal amount, net of $3,042 and $4,150 as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, of original issue discount)
    13,758       12,650  
11%/13% third lien senior secured notes ($42,124 principal amount and $5,463 and $7,797 as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, of issuance premium)
    47,587       49,921  
Paid-in-kind interest on 11%/13% third lien senior secured notes
    5,832       2,263  
                 
    $ 164,987     $ 162,644  
                 
 
Future maturities of debt, excluding issuance discount and premium, as of December 31, 2010 are as follows (in thousands):
 
         
Year Ending December 31,
     
 
2011
     
2012
    16,800  
2013
    145,766  
2014
     
2015
     
Thereafter
     
 
Revolving Credit Facility
 
In connection with an amendment of a revolving credit facility, bank fees incurred are deferred and amortized over the term of the new arrangement and, if applicable, any outstanding deferred fees are expensed proportionately or in total. In connection with an amendment of our term debt, bank and any third-party fees would be either expensed or deferred and amortized over the term of the agreement based upon whether or not the old and new debt instruments are substantially different. In connection with entering into our revolving credit facility on January 7, 2009, we expensed approximately $0.8 million of fees relating to the prior senior credit agreement. In connection with entering into an amendment to our revolving credit facility on August 4, 2009, we recorded approximately $0.5 million in expense related to the write-off of previously deferred financing fees.


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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
On January 7, 2009, we and certain of our direct and indirect U.S. subsidiaries, as borrowers (the “borrowers”), entered into a revolving credit facility (the “revolving credit facility”) with Bank of America, N.A., as agent and lender, which, as amended, provides for a three-year asset-based revolving credit facility with an aggregate principal amount of up to $37.5 million (after giving effect to a second amendment to the revolving credit facility entered into on August 4, 2009), which is subject to an availability block of $10.0 million, until we deliver a compliance certificate for any fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2010 or thereafter demonstrating a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.1 to 1.0 for the most recent four fiscal quarters, at which time the availability block will be $7.5 million at all times while the fixed charge coverage ratio is at least 1.1 to 1.0 and certain borrowing base limitations are met. Up to an aggregate of $10.0 million is available to the borrowers for the issuance of letters of credit, which reduces availability under the revolving credit facility.
 
As of December 31, 2010, approximately $2.3 million in deferred fees relating to the revolving credit facility, our 8% senior notes and our third lien notes were outstanding and were being amortized over the life of the agreements.
 
Under the revolving credit facility, borrowings bear interest at various rates plus a margin based on certain financial ratios. The borrowers’ obligations under the revolving credit facility are secured by a first-priority lien (subject to certain permitted liens) on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of the borrowers, as well as 100% of the capital stock of the direct domestic subsidiaries of each borrower and 65% of the capital stock of each foreign subsidiary directly owned by a borrower. Each of CVG and each other borrower is jointly and severally liable for the obligations under the revolving credit facility and unconditionally guarantees the prompt payment and performance thereof.
 
Third Amendment to Revolving Credit Facility
 
On September 7, 2010, we entered into a third amendment (the “Third Amendment”) to the revolving credit facility. Pursuant to the Third Amendment, the applicable margin for borrowings was amended to reduce the applicable margin and include grid pricing based upon the fixed charge coverage ratio for the most recently ended fiscal quarter:
 
             
        Domestic Base
  LIBOR
Level   Ratio   Rate Loans   Revolver Loans
 
III
  £ 1.25 to 1.00   2.00%   3.00%
II
  ³ 1.25 to 1.00 but < 1.75 to 1.00   1.75%   2.75%
I
  ³1.75 to 1.00   1.50%   2.50%
 
Until delivery of the financial statements and corresponding compliance certificate for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2010, the applicable margin shall be set at Level II. Thereafter, the applicable margin shall be subject to increase or decrease following receipt by the agent of the financial statements and corresponding compliance certificate for each fiscal quarter. If the financial statements or corresponding compliance certificate are not timely delivered, then the highest rate shall be applicable until the first day of the calendar month following actual receipt.
 
In addition, the unused commitment fee was reduced to (i) .875% per annum times the unused commitment during any fiscal quarter in which the aggregate average daily unused commitment is equal to or greater than 50% of the revolver commitments or (ii) .625% per annum times the unused commitment during any fiscal quarter in which the aggregate average daily unused commitment is less than 50% of the revolver commitments.
 
Under the Third Amendment, Permitted Foreign Investments (as defined therein) were increased from $5.0 million annually and $10.0 million during the term of the agreement, to $10.0 million annually and $20.0 million during the term of the agreement, so long as the Domestic Availability (as defined therein) immediately prior to and after such investment is at least $5.0 million. Restricted Investments under Section 10.2.5 was also revised to allow for the investment in our Chinese subsidiary to be in the form of up to 70% Equity (as


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
defined therein) and 30% intercompany loan, also subject to the annual and lifetime Permitted Foreign Investment limitations.
 
Pursuant to the Third Amendment, the limitations on other aggregate Investments (as defined therein) not otherwise permitted in the agreement, and other aggregate Debt (as defined therein) not otherwise permitted in the agreement, were increased to $1.5 million and $5.0 million, respectively.
 
Terms, Covenants and Compliance Status
 
We are not required to comply with the fixed charge coverage ratio requirement for as long as we maintain at least $5.0 million of borrowing availability (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) under the revolving credit facility. If borrowing availability (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) is less than $5.0 million for three consecutive business days or less than $2.5 million on any day, we would be required to comply with a fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.0:1.0 for fiscal quarters ending on or after March 31, 2010, and would be required to continue to comply with these requirements until we have borrowing availability (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) of $5.0 million or greater for 60 consecutive days.
 
Because we had borrowing availability in excess of $5.0 million (after giving effect to the $10.0 million availability block) during the quarter ended December 31, 2010, we were not required to comply with the fixed charge coverage ratio during the quarter ended December 31, 2010.
 
The revolving credit facility also contains other customary restrictive covenants, including, without limitation, limitations on the ability of the borrowers and their subsidiaries to incur additional debt and guarantees; grant liens on assets; pay dividends or make other distributions; make investments or acquisitions; dispose of assets; make payments on certain indebtedness; merge, combine with any other person or liquidate; amend organizational documents; file consolidated tax returns with entities other than other borrowers or their subsidiaries; make material changes in accounting treatment or reporting practices; enter into restrictive agreements; enter into hedging agreements; engage in transactions with affiliates; enter into certain employee benefit plans; and amend subordinated debt or the indentures governing the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes. In addition, the revolving credit facility contains customary reporting and other affirmative covenants. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010.
 
The revolving credit facility contains customary events of default, including, without limitation: nonpayment of obligations under the revolving credit facility when due; material inaccuracy of representations and warranties; violation of covenants in the revolving credit facility and certain other documents executed in connection therewith; breach or default of agreements related to debt in excess of $5.0 million that could result in acceleration of that debt; revocation or attempted revocation of guarantees, denial of the validity or enforceability of the loan documents or failure of the loan documents to be in full force and effect; certain judgments in excess of $2.0 million; the inability of an obligor to conduct any material part of its business due to governmental intervention, loss of any material license, permit, lease or agreement necessary to the business; cessation of an obligor’s business for a material period of time; impairment of collateral through condemnation proceedings; certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency; certain Employee Retirement Income Securities Act (“ERISA”) events; and a change in control of CVG.
 
The revolving credit facility requires us to make mandatory prepayments with the proceeds of certain asset dispositions and upon the receipt of insurance or condemnation proceeds to the extent we do not use the proceeds for the purchase of assets useful in our business.
 
We continue to operate in a challenging economic environment, and our ability to comply with the covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility may be affected in the future by economic or business conditions beyond our control. Based on our current forecast, we believe that we will be able to maintain compliance with the fixed charge coverage ratio covenant or the minimum availability requirement, if applicable, and other covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility for the next twelve months; however, no assurances can be given that we will be able to comply. We base our forecasts on historical experience, industry


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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
forecasts and various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. If actual results are substantially different than our current forecast, or if we do not realize a significant portion of our planned cost savings or generate sufficient cash, we could be required to comply with our financial covenants, and there is no assurance that we would be able to comply with such financial covenants. If we do not comply with the financial and other covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility, and we are unable to obtain necessary waivers or amendments from the lender, we would be precluded from borrowing under the revolving credit facility, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and liquidity. If we are unable to borrow under the revolving credit facility, we will need to meet our capital requirements using other sources. Due to current economic conditions, alternative sources of liquidity may not be available on acceptable terms if at all. In addition, if we do not comply with the financial and other covenants in the agreement governing the revolving credit facility, the lender could declare an event of default under the revolving credit facility, and our indebtedness thereunder could be declared immediately due and payable, which would also result in an event of default under the second lien term loan, the third lien notes and the 8% senior notes. Any of these events would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and liquidity.
 
Second Lien Credit Agreement
 
Concurrently with the notes exchange described below, on August 4, 2009, we and certain of our domestic subsidiaries entered into a discounted second lien revolving credit facility (the “Second Lien Credit Agreement”) with Credit Suisse, as agent, and certain financial institutions, as lenders, providing for a term loan (the “second lien term loan”) in principal amount of $16.8 million, for proceeds of approximately $13.1 million (representing a discount of approximately 21.9%). We used these proceeds to repay borrowings under the revolving credit facility with Bank of America, N.A., and to pay approximately $3.1 million of transaction fees and expenses relating to the notes exchange described below, the issuance of the units consisting of 11%/13% Third Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2013 and warrants described below, the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the second amendment to the revolving credit agreement.
 
The second lien term loan bears interest at the fixed per annum rate of 15% until it matures on November 1, 2012. During an event of default, if the required lenders so elect, the interest rate applied to any outstanding obligations will be equal to the otherwise applicable rate plus 2.0%.
 
The Second Lien Credit Agreement provides that the second lien term loan is a senior secured obligation of CVG. CVG’s obligations under the Second Lien Credit Agreement are guaranteed by certain of CVG’s domestic subsidiaries (the “guarantors”). The obligations of CVG and CVG’s guarantors under the Second Lien Credit Agreement are secured by a second-priority lien on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of CVG and certain of its domestic subsidiaries, and a pledge of 100% of the capital stock of certain of our domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the capital stock of each foreign subsidiary directly owned by a domestic subsidiary.
 
The Second Lien Credit Agreement contains restrictive covenants, including, without limitation: limitations on our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to incur additional debt and guarantees; grant liens on assets; pay dividends or make other distributions; make investments or acquisitions; transfer or dispose of capital stock; dispose of assets; make payments on certain indebtedness; merge, combine with any other person or liquidate; engage in transactions with affiliates; engage in certain lines of business; enter into sale/leaseback transactions; and amend subordinated debt, the indenture governing the 8% senior notes or the indenture governing the third lien notes. In addition, the Second Lien Credit Agreement contains reporting covenants. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010. The debt covenant in the Second Lien Credit Agreement limits our ability to borrow under the revolving credit facility with Bank of America, N.A, to not more than $27.5 million at any one time, unless we demonstrate compliance with the fixed charge coverage ratio and minimum EBITDA (as defined in the revolving credit facility) covenant contained in the revolving credit facility. The Second Lien Credit Agreement contains events of default, including, without limitation: nonpayment of obligations under the Second Lien Credit Agreement when due; material inaccuracy of representations and warranties; violation of covenants in the Second Lien Credit Agreement and certain other documents executed in connection therewith; default or acceleration of


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
agreements related to debt in excess of $10.0 million; certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency; judgment or decree entered against us or a guarantor for the payment of money in excess of $10.0 million; denial of the validity or enforceability of the second lien loan documents or any guaranty thereunder or failure of the second lien loan documents or any guaranty thereunder to be in full force and effect; and a change in control of CVG. The liens, the security interests and all of CVG and the guarantors and all provisions regarding remedies in an event of default are subject to an intercreditor agreement among the agent for the revolving credit facility, the collateral agent under the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the collateral agent for the third lien notes and an intercreditor agreement among the collateral agent for the Second Lien Credit Agreement and the collateral agent for the third lien notes (the “Intercreditor Agreements”).
 
Amounts outstanding under the second lien term loan may be prepaid from time to time after the first anniversary of August 4, 2009, when accompanied by prepayment premium equal to (a) 7.5% of the accreted value of the amount prepaid if such prepayment occurs after August 4, 2010 but on or before August 4, 2011, (b) 3.75% of the accreted value of the amount prepaid if such prepayment occurs after August 4, 2011 but on or before August 4, 2012, and (c) 0% of the accreted value of the amount prepaid if such prepayment occurs after August 4, 2012 without penalty or premium.
 
In addition, within five business days of certain permitted asset dispositions or receipt of insurance or condemnation proceeds, CVG must apply the net proceeds (in the case of asset dispositions) to prepay the term loan, except that the proceeds do not have to be used to prepay the term loan if they are used to acquire property that is useful in CVG’s business within 180 days of receipt of such proceeds but only if no default exists at that time and if the property so acquired will be free of liens, other than permitted liens. All provisions regarding voluntary and mandatory prepayments are subject to the Intercreditor Agreements.
 
Notes Exchange
 
On August 4, 2009, we announced a private exchange with certain holders of our 8% Senior Notes due 2013 (the “8% senior notes”) pursuant to an exchange agreement, dated as of August 4, 2009, by and between us, certain of our subsidiaries and the exchanging noteholders. Pursuant to the exchange agreement, we exchanged approximately $52.2 million in aggregate principal amount of the 8% senior notes for units consisting of (i) approximately $42.1 million in aggregate principal amount of the Company’s new 11%/13% Third Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2013 (the “third lien notes”) and (ii) warrants to purchase 745,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.35.
 
11%/13% Third Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2013
 
The third lien notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of August 4, 2009 (the “Third Lien Notes Indenture”), by and among CVG, certain of our subsidiaries party thereto, as guarantors (the “guarantors”) and U.S. Bank National Associates, as trustee.
 
Interest is payable on the third lien notes on February 15 and August 15 of each year until their maturity date of February 15, 2013. We paid interest entirely in pay-in-kind interest (“PIK interest”), by increasing the outstanding principal amount of the third lien notes, on the interest payment dates on February 15, 2010 and August 15, 2010, at an annual rate of 13.0%. We paid our February 15, 2011 interest payment in cash, at an annual rate of 11.0%. After February 15, 2011, we will be required to make all interest payments entirely in cash, at an annual rate of 11.0%.
 
The Third Lien Notes Indenture provides that the third lien notes are senior secured obligations of CVG. Our obligations under the third lien notes are guaranteed by the guarantors. The obligations of CVG and the guarantors under the third lien notes are secured by a third-priority lien on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of CVG and certain of its domestic subsidiaries, and a pledge of 100% of the capital stock of CVG’s domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the capital stock of each foreign subsidiary directly owned by a domestic subsidiary. The liens, the security interests and all obligations of CVG and the guarantors under the third lien notes are subject in all respects to the terms, provisions, conditions and limitations of the Intercreditor Agreements.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The Third Lien Notes Indenture contains restrictive covenants, including, without limitation, limitations on our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to: incur additional debt; pay dividends on, redeem or repurchase capital stock; restrict dividends or other payments of subsidiaries; make investments; engage in transactions with affiliates; create liens on assets; engage in sale/leaseback transactions; and consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets and the assets of our subsidiaries. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010.
 
The Third Lien Notes Indenture provides for events of default (subject in certain cases to customary grace and cure periods) which include, among others, nonpayment of principal or interest, breach of covenants or other agreements in the indenture governing the third lien notes, defaults in payment of certain other indebtedness, certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency and certain defaults with respect to the security documents. Generally, if an event of default occurs, the trustee or the holders of at least 25% in principal amount of the then outstanding third lien notes may declare the principal of and accrued but unpaid interest on all of the third lien notes to be due and payable. All provisions regarding remedies in an event of default are subject to the Intercreditor Agreements.
 
The third lien notes may be redeemed from time to time on or after February 15, 2011, at the following redemption prices (a) 111% of the principal amount if such redemption occurs on or after February 15, 2011 but prior to August 15, 2011, (b) 105.5% of the principal amount if such redemption occurs on or after August 15, 2011 but prior to August 15, 2012, and (c) 100% of the principal amount if such redemption occurs on or after August 15, 2012. In addition, we may be required to make an offer to purchase the third lien notes in certain circumstances described in the Third Lien Notes Indenture, including in connection with a change in control.
 
8% Senior Notes Due 2013
 
The 8.0% senior notes are senior unsecured obligations and rank pari passu in right of payment to all of our existing and future senior indebtedness and are effectively subordinated to our existing and future secured obligations. The 8.0% senior notes are guaranteed by certain of our domestic subsidiaries.
 
The indenture governing the 8.0% senior notes contain covenants that limit, among other things, additional indebtedness, issuance of preferred stock, dividends, repurchases of capital stock or subordinated indebtedness, investments, liens, restrictions on the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends to us, sales of assets, sale/leaseback transactions, mergers and transactions with affiliates. Upon a change of control, each holder shall have the right to require that we purchase such holder’s securities at a purchase price in cash equal to 101% of the principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of repurchase. The indenture governing the 8.0% senior notes due 2013 also contains customary events of default. We were in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2010.
 
10.   Intangible Assets
 
Definite-lived Intangibles
 
Our definite-lived intangible assets as of December 31 were comprised of the following (in thousands):
 
                                 
    December 31, 2010
    Amortization
  Gross Carrying
  Accumulated
  Net Carrying
    Period   Amount   Amortization   Amount
 
Trademarks/Tradenames
    20 years     $ 5,655     $ (1,807 )   $ 3,848  
 
                                 
    December 31, 2009
    Amortization
  Gross Carrying
  Accumulated
  Net Carrying
    Period   Amount   Amortization   Amount
 
Trademarks/Tradenames
    20 years     $ 5,655     $ (1,568 )   $ 4,087  
 
The aggregate intangible asset amortization expense, excluding impairment expense, was approximately $0.2 million, $0.4 million and $1.3 million for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The estimated intangible asset amortization expense for the five succeeding fiscal years ending after December 31, 2010, is as follows (in thousands):
 
         
2011
  $ 240  
2012
  $ 240  
2013
  $ 240  
2014
  $ 240  
2015
  $ 240  
 
We performed a recoverability test in the fourth quarter of 2009 of our definite-lived trademarks/tradenames related to Mayflower and Monona based upon the decline in expected revenue growth rates and operating margins used to estimate future cash flow resulting from the closure of our Norwalk, Ohio facility, the extended decline in production units in the Class 8 market and lower demand in our construction market. Because the carrying value of those assets exceeded their fair value, we recorded an impairment charge of approximately $4.1 million related to Mayflower.
 
During fiscal 2008, we performed a recoverability test of our definite-lived customer relationships and, because the carrying value of those assets exceeded their fair value, we recorded an impairment charge of approximately $14.0 million, which includes $4.4 million relating to C.I.E.B. Kahovec, spol. s r.o. (“C.I.E.B.”) and $9.6 million relating to PEKM Kabeltechnik s.r.o. (“PEKM”). The carrying value of these assets as of December 31, 2008 was $0.
 
Indefinite-lived Intangibles
 
We performed our annual impairment test of our indefinite-lived customer relationships during the second quarter of fiscal 2009. As part of this analysis, we determined that our indefinite-lived intangible assets relating to customer relationships with a carrying amount of approximately $26.0 million needed to be written down to their estimated fair value of approximately $19.0 million, resulting in an impairment charge of approximately $7.0 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2009. Based upon the decline in expected revenue growth rates and operating margins used to estimate future cash flow resulting from lower demand in our construction markets, we determined that an impairment indicator existed during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009. As a result, we performed an interim impairment test and determined that because the carrying value of the Monona customer relationship exceeded the estimated fair value, we recorded an impairment charge of approximately $19.0 million as of December 31, 2009. In connection with these impairments, we no longer have indefinite-lived intangible assets recorded as of December 31, 2009.
 
During fiscal 2008, our annual indefinite-lived intangible asset impairment analysis was performed during the second quarter and did not result in an impairment charge. However, in response to the substantial changes in the global environment and the decline in our stock price during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008, we concluded that it was necessary to perform interim impairment testing. In connection with these tests, we estimated the fair value of our indefinite-lived customer relationships and, because the carrying value of those assets exceeded their fair value, we recorded an impairment charge of approximately $48.8 million, which includes $45.9 million relating to Mayflower and $2.9 million relating to Monona. The carrying value of the indefinite-lived intangible was $26.0 million as of December 31, 2008.
 
Goodwill
 
We performed our annual goodwill impairment analysis during the second quarter of fiscal 2008, which did not result in an impairment charge. However, in response to the substantial changes in the global economic environment and the decline in our stock price during the fourth quarter of 2008, we determined that it was necessary to perform additional impairment testing. In connection with these tests, we determined that the estimated fair value of our


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
reporting unit was less than the carrying value of our net assets and recorded a full impairment of goodwill of approximately $144.7 million.
 
11.   Income Taxes
 
Pre-tax income (loss) consisted of the following for the years ended December 31 (in thousands):
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Domestic
  $ (520 )   $ (71,208 )   $ (191,758 )
Foreign
    5,182       (26,626 )     (28,970 )
                         
Total
  $ 4,662     $ (97,834 )   $ (220,728 )
                         
 
A reconciliation of income taxes computed at the statutory rates to the reported income tax benefit for the years ended December 31 is as follows (in thousands):
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Federal provision at statutory rate
  $ 1,632     $ (34,242 )   $ (77,255 )
U.S./foreign tax rate differential
    (622 )     2,516       5,911  
Foreign tax provision
    (863 )     862       1,479  
State taxes, net of federal benefit
    (66 )     (918 )     (3,347 )
Tax reserves
    (2,178 )     2,001       1,168  
Change in valuation allowance
    1,018       9,844       37,932  
Goodwill/intangible impairment
                20,253  
Tax credits
    (465 )     (306 )     (1,400 )
Share-based compensation
    354             841  
Reduction of prior year’s tax attributes
    (160 )     4,133        
Other
    (475 )     (189 )     449  
                         
Benefit for income taxes
  $ (1,825 )   $ (16,299 )   $ (13,969 )
                         
 
The benefit for income taxes for the years ended December 31 is as follows (in thousands):
 
                                                                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    Current
    Deferred
    Total
    Current
    Deferred
    Total
    Current
    Deferred
    Total
 
    Provision     Provision     Provision     Provision     Provision     Provision     Provision     Provision     Provision  
 
Federal
  $ (2,329 )   $ 132     $ (2,197 )   $ (10,647 )   $ 1,994     $ (8,653 )   $ (11,275 )   $ 5,011     $ (6,264 )
State
    315       (417 )     (102 )     (778 )     (1,379 )     (2,157 )     (2,032 )     (4,438 )     (6,470 )
International
    218       256       474       (4,874 )     (615 )     (5,489 )     763       (1,998 )     (1,235 )
                                                                         
Total
  $ (1,796 )   $