Crown Castle Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results

HOUSTON, July 29, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Crown Castle International Corp. (NYSE: CCI) ("Crown Castle") today reported results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2020 and maintained its full year 2020 Outlook, with the exception of a reduction to net income.

(in millions, except per share amounts)Midpoint of Current Full Year
2020 Outlook
Full Year 2019 Actual% ChangePrevious Full Year 2020 Outlook(c)Current
Compared to
Previous
Outlook
Site rental revenues$5,360$5,093+5%$5,360$
Net income (loss)$943$860+10%$1,038-$95
Net income (loss) per share—diluted(a)$2.09$1.79+17%$2.32-$0.23
Adjusted EBITDA(b)$3,502$3,299+6%$3,502$
AFFO(a)(b)$2,595$2,371+9%$2,595$
AFFO per share(a)(b)$6.12$5.68+8%$6.12$








(a) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" included herein for further information and reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss).
(c) As issued on April 29, 2020.

"In the second quarter, we generated solid results that were in line with our expectations as our business continues to perform well during this period of unprecedented uncertainty," stated Jay Brown, Crown Castle’s Chief Executive Officer. "We continue to anticipate a significant increase in industry activity in the second half of this year as our carrier customers invest to improve their existing networks and as 5G investments ramp. Although the full rebound in overall industry activity on towers is taking a bit more time to materialize than we previously expected, we remain on track to generate at least 7% growth in AFFO per share this year. Looking beyond this year, I am excited about what will likely be another decade-long investment cycle for our customers with the deployment of 5G, and see the potential for our AFFO per share growth to improve next year.

"We believe our ability to offer towers, small cells and fiber solutions, which are all integral components of communications networks and are shared among multiple tenants, provides us the best opportunity to generate significant growth while delivering high returns for our shareholders. We believe that the U.S. represents the best market in the world for communications infrastructure ownership, and we are pursuing that compelling opportunity with our comprehensive offering. As we look forward, I am excited about the opportunity we see for Crown Castle to deliver long-term value to our shareholders while delivering dividend per share growth of 7% to 8% per year. Over the past several weeks, we have had the opportunity to engage with many of our shareholders. We have appreciated the thoughtful exchange of ideas during those discussions as well as the feedback they have given us. During these conversations, we heard two consistent points of investor feedback: they want more visibility into how our strategy and business are performing and they would like us to make certain improvements to our corporate governance practices. To address this feedback, we will discuss some increased disclosure around our small cell and fiber strategy during our earnings call tomorrow and, as we disclosed in a separate press release today, we are making changes to our corporate governance."

RESULTS FOR THE QUARTER
The table below sets forth select financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019.

(in millions, except per share amounts)Q2 2020Q2 2019Change% Change
  (As Restated)(c)  
Site rental revenues$1,319$1,263+$56+4%
Net income (loss)$200$216-$16-7%
Net income (loss) per share—diluted(a)$0.41$0.45-$0.04-9%
Adjusted EBITDA(b)$831$827+$4%
AFFO(a)(b)$609$589+$20+3%
AFFO per share(a)(b)$1.45$1.41+$0.04+3%







(a) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" included herein for further information and reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss).
(c) See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.

HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE QUARTER

  • Site rental revenues. Site rental revenues grew approximately 4.4%, or $56 million, from second quarter 2019 to second quarter 2020, inclusive of approximately $69 million in Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues and a $13 million decrease in straight-lined revenues. The $69 million in Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues represents approximately 5.6% growth, comprised of approximately 9.4% growth from new leasing activity and contracted tenant escalations, net of approximately 3.8% from tenant non-renewals.
  • Capital Expenditures. Capital expenditures during the quarter were $414 million, comprised of $24 million of sustaining capital expenditures and $390 million of discretionary capital expenditures. Discretionary capital expenditures included approximately $295 million attributable to Fiber, approximately $88 million attributable to Towers, and approximately $7 million attributable to Other.
  • Common stock dividend. During the quarter, Crown Castle paid common stock dividends of approximately $500 million in the aggregate, or $1.20 per common share, an increase of approximately 7% on a per share basis compared to the same period a year ago.
  • Financing Activity. In April, Crown Castle issued $1.25 billion in aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes, with a combination of 10-year and 30-year maturities, resulting in a weighted average maturity and coupon of 18 years and approximately 3.6%, respectively. Net proceeds from the offering were used to repay outstanding borrowings under its revolving credit facility.  In June, Crown Castle issued $2.5 billion in aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes, with a combination of 5-year, 10-year and 30-year maturities, resulting in a weighted average maturity and coupon of 16 years and approximately 2.4%, respectively. In July, net proceeds from the offering were used to retire $2.4 billion of senior unsecured notes in the aggregate, resulting in a $95 million loss on the retirement of debt. After giving effect to the refinancing of the outstanding senior unsecured notes, Crown Castle had approximately $18.9 billion of total debt outstanding.

"We are excited about the significant network investments our customers are pursuing as they deploy 5G, and how well we are positioned with our comprehensive infrastructure offering across towers and fiber to meet our customers’ needs and create significant value for our shareholders," stated Dan Schlanger, Crown Castle's Chief Financial Officer. "By opportunistically accessing the investment grade bond market twice in recent months, we further strengthened our balance sheet by extending the maturity of our debt and reducing our cost of capital. We believe our liquidity position is strong with nearly $5 billion of undrawn capacity on our revolving credit facility and no meaningful debt maturities until 2022, providing us with confidence that we are well positioned to navigate the current environment while investing in assets that we believe will add to long-term growth in dividends per share."

OUTLOOK

This Outlook section contains forward-looking statements, and actual results may differ materially. Information regarding potential risks which could cause actual results to differ from the forward-looking statements herein is set forth below and in Crown Castle's filings with the SEC.

The following table sets forth Crown Castle's current Outlook for full year 2020, which remains unchanged from the previous full year 2020 Outlook with the exception of a reduction to net income due to the $95 million loss on the retirement of debt in July:

(in millions)Full Year 2020
Site rental revenues$5,337to$5,382
Site rental cost of operations(a)$1,482to$1,527
Net income (loss)$903to$983
Adjusted EBITDA(b)$3,479to$3,524
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(c)$691to$736
FFO(b)(d)$2,354to$2,399
AFFO(b)(d)$2,572to$2,617
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - diluted424

(a) Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion.
(b) See reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss) and definition included herein.
(c) See reconciliation of "components of current outlook for interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs" herein for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(d) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

Full Year 2020 Outlook
The table below compares the results for full year 2019, the midpoint of the current full year 2020 Outlook and the midpoint of our previous full year 2020 Outlook for select metrics.

(in millions, except per share amounts)Midpoint of Current
Full Year
2020 Outlook
Full Year 2019
Actual
Change% ChangeMidpoint of Previous
Full Year 2020 Outlook(c)
Current
Compared to
Previous Outlook
Site rental revenues$5,360$5,093+$267+5%$5,360$
Net income (loss)$943$860+$83+10%$1,038-$95
Net income (loss) per share—diluted(a)$2.09$1.79+$0.30+17%$2.32-$0.23
Adjusted EBITDA(b)$3,502$3,299+$203+6%$3,502$
AFFO(a)(b)$2,595$2,371+$224+9%$2,595$
AFFO per share(a)(b)$6.12$5.68+$0.44+8%$6.12$

(a) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" included herein for further information and reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss).
(c) As issued on April 29, 2020.

  • The 2020 Outlook also reflects the impact of the assumed conversion of preferred stock in August 2020. This conversion is expected to increase the diluted weighted average common shares outstanding for 2020 by approximately 6 million shares and reduce the annual preferred stock dividends paid by approximately $28 million when compared to 2019.
  • The chart below reconciles the components of expected growth in site rental revenues from 2019 to 2020 of $250 million to $295 million, inclusive of expected Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues during 2020 of $295 million to $335 million.
    Chart 1: https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/02ada3cf-2082-4514-8acd-225a358c3a5b
  • The chart below reconciles the components of expected growth in AFFO from 2019 to 2020 of $195 million to $240 million.
    Chart 2: https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/5e9b8904-40f4-49d4-8b51-873cbcbd4ec5
  • Additional information is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of our website.

CONFERENCE CALL DETAILS
Crown Castle has scheduled a conference call for Thursday, July 30, 2020, at 10:30 a.m. Eastern time to discuss its second quarter 2020 results. The conference call may be accessed by dialing 800-458-4121 and asking for the Crown Castle call (access code 6178294) at least 30 minutes prior to the start time. The conference call may also be accessed live over the Internet at investor.crowncastle.com. Supplemental materials for the call have been posted on the Crown Castle website at investor.crowncastle.com.

A telephonic replay of the conference call will be available from 1:30 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, July 30, 2020, through 1:30 p.m. Eastern time on Wednesday, October 28, 2020, and may be accessed by dialing 888-203-1112 and using access code 6178294. An audio archive will also be available on Crown Castle's website at investor.crowncastle.com shortly after the call and will be accessible for approximately 90 days.

ABOUT CROWN CASTLE
Crown Castle owns, operates and leases more than 40,000 cell towers and approximately 80,000 route miles of fiber supporting small cells and fiber solutions across every major U.S. market. This nationwide portfolio of communications infrastructure connects cities and communities to essential data, technology and wireless service - bringing information, ideas and innovations to the people and businesses that need them. For more information on Crown Castle, please visit www.crowncastle.com.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations

This press release includes presentations of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"), including per share amounts, Funds from Operations ("FFO"), including per share amounts, and Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues, which are non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended as alternative measures of operating results or cash flow from operations (as determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP")).

Our non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies, including other companies in the communications infrastructure sector or other real estate investment trusts ("REITs"). Our definition of FFO is consistent with guidelines from the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts with the exception of the impact of income taxes in periods prior to our REIT conversion in 2014.

In addition to the non-GAAP financial measures used herein, we also provide Segment Site Rental Gross Margin, Segment Services and Other Gross Margin and Segment Operating Profit, which are key measures used by management to evaluate our operating segments. These segment measures are provided pursuant to GAAP requirements related to segment reporting. In addition, we provide the components of certain GAAP measures, such as capital expenditures.

Our non-GAAP financial measures are presented as additional information because management believes these measures are useful indicators of the financial performance of our business. Among other things, management believes that:

  • Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary measure used by management (1) to evaluate the economic productivity of our operations and (2) for purposes of making decisions about allocating resources to, and assessing the performance of, our operations. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate and compare the results of our operations (1) from period to period and (2) to our competitors, by removing the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest charges from our outstanding debt) and asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion) from our financial results. Management also believes Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by investors or other interested parties in the evaluation of the communications infrastructure sector and other REITs to measure financial performance without regard to items such as depreciation, amortization and accretion which can vary depending upon accounting methods and the book value of assets. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA is similar to the measure of current financial performance generally used in our debt covenant calculations. Adjusted EBITDA should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance.

  • AFFO, including per share amounts, is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance. Management believes that AFFO helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate our financial performance as it includes (1) the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest expense on our outstanding debt and dividends on our preferred stock) and (2) sustaining capital expenditures, and excludes the impact of our (a) asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion) and (b) certain non-cash items, including straight-lined revenues and expenses related to fixed escalations and rent free periods. GAAP requires rental revenues and expenses related to leases that contain specified rental increases over the life of the lease to be recognized evenly over the life of the lease. In accordance with GAAP, if payment terms call for fixed escalations, or rent free periods, the revenue or expense is recognized on a straight-lined basis over the fixed, non-cancelable term of the contract. Management notes that Crown Castle uses AFFO only as a performance measure. AFFO should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operations or as residual cash flow available for discretionary investment.

  • FFO, including per share amounts, is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance. Management believes that FFO may be used by investors or other interested parties as a basis to compare our financial performance with that of other REITs. FFO helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate financial performance by excluding the impact of our asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion). FFO is not a key performance indicator used by Crown Castle. FFO should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flow from operations.

  • Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues is useful to investors or other interested parties in understanding the components of the year-over-year changes in our site rental revenues computed in accordance with GAAP. Management uses the Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues to assess year-over-year growth rates for our rental activities, to evaluate current performance, to capture trends in rental rates, new leasing activities and tenant non-renewals in our core business, as well to forecast future results. Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues is not meant as an alternative measure of revenue and should be considered only as a supplement in understanding and assessing the performance of our site rental revenues computed in accordance with GAAP.

We define our non-GAAP financial measures, segment measures and other calculations as follows:

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) plus restructuring charges (credits), asset write-down charges, acquisition and integration costs, depreciation, amortization and accretion, amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments, interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs, (gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations, net (gain) loss on interest rate swaps, (gains) losses on foreign currency swaps, impairment of available-for-sale securities, interest income, other (income) expense, (benefit) provision for income taxes, cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, (income) loss from discontinued operations and stock-based compensation expense.

Adjusted Funds from Operations. We define Adjusted Funds from Operations as FFO before straight-lined revenue, straight-lined expense, stock-based compensation expense, non-cash portion of tax provision, non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion, amortization of non-cash interest expense, other (income) expense, (gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations, net (gain) loss on interest rate swaps, (gains) losses on foreign currency swaps, acquisition and integration costs, and adjustments for noncontrolling interests, and less sustaining capital expenditures.

AFFO per share. We define AFFO per share as AFFO divided by diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding.

Funds from Operations. We define Funds from Operations as net income plus real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion and asset write-down charges, less noncontrolling interest and cash paid for preferred stock dividends, and is a measure of funds from operations attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

FFO per share. We define FFO per share as FFO divided by the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding.

Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues. We define the Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues as the sum of the change in GAAP site rental revenues related to (1) new leasing activity, including revenues from the construction of small cells and the impact of prepaid rent, (2) escalators and less (3) non-renewals of tenant contracts.

Segment Measures

Segment Site Rental Gross Margin. We define Segment Site Rental Gross Margin as segment site rental revenues less segment site rental cost of operations, excluding stock-based compensation expense and prepaid lease purchase price adjustments recorded in consolidated site rental cost of operations.

Segment Services and Other Gross Margin. We define Segment Services and Other Gross Margin as segment services and other revenues less segment services and other cost of operations, excluding stock-based compensation expense recorded in consolidated services and other cost of operations.

Segment Operating Profit. We define Segment Operating Profit as segment site rental gross margin plus segment services and other gross margin, less selling, general and administrative expenses attributable to the respective segment.

All of these measurements of profit or loss are exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion, which are shown separately. Additionally, certain costs are shared across segments and are reflected in our segment measures through allocations that management believes to be reasonable.

Other Calculations

Discretionary capital expenditures. We define discretionary capital expenditures as those capital expenditures made with respect to activities which we believe exhibit sufficient potential to enhance long-term stockholder value. They primarily consist of expansion or development of communications infrastructure (including capital expenditures related to (1) enhancing communications infrastructure in order to add new tenants for the first time or support subsequent tenant equipment augmentations or (2) modifying the structure of a communications infrastructure asset to accommodate additional tenants) and construction of new communications infrastructure. Discretionary capital expenditures also include purchases of land interests (which primarily relates to land assets under towers as we seek to manage our interests in the land beneath our towers), certain technology-related investments necessary to support and scale future customer demand for our communications infrastructure, and other capital projects.

Integration capital expenditures. We define integration capital expenditures as those capital expenditures made as a result of integrating acquired companies into our business.

Sustaining capital expenditures. We define sustaining capital expenditures as those capital expenditures not otherwise categorized as either discretionary or integration capital expenditures, such as (1) maintenance capital expenditures on our communications infrastructure assets that enable our tenants' ongoing quiet enjoyment of the communications infrastructure and (2) ordinary corporate capital expenditures.

The tables set forth on the following pages reconcile the non-GAAP financial measures used herein to comparable GAAP financial measures. The components in these tables may not sum to the total due to rounding.

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations to Comparable GAAP Financial Measures:

Reconciliation of Historical Adjusted EBITDA:

 For the Three Months Ended For the Six Months Ended For the Twelve
Months Ended
 June 30, 2020 June 30, 2019 June 30, 2020 June 30, 2019 December 31,
2019
(in millions)  (As Restated)(d)   (As Restated)(d)  
Net income (loss)$200  $216  $386  $409  $860 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) net income (loss):         
Asset write-down charges3  6  7  12  19 
Acquisition and integration costs2  2  7  6  13 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion402  393  801  787  1,572 
Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments4  5  9  10  20 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(a)178  169  353  337  683 
(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations  1    2  2 
Interest income(1) (1) (2) (3) (6)
Other (income) expense      1  (1)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes6  4  11  10  21 
Stock-based compensation expense37  32  73  61  116 
Adjusted EBITDA(b)(c)$831  $827  $1,645  $1,632  $3,299 

(a)    See the reconciliation of "components of historical interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs" herein for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(b)   See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(c)    The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.
(d)   See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.


Reconciliation of Current Outlook for Adjusted EBITDA:

 Full Year 2020
(in millions)Outlook
Net income (loss)$903 to$983 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) net income (loss):   
Asset write-down charges$20 to$30 
Acquisition and integration costs$7 to$17 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion$1,503 to$1,598 
Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments$18 to$20 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(a)$691 to$736 
(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations$95 to$95 
Interest income$(7)to$(3) 
Other (income) expense$(1)to$1 
(Benefit) provision for income taxes$16 to$24 
Stock-based compensation expense$126 to$130 
Adjusted EBITDA(b)(c)$3,479 to$3,524 

(a)    See the reconciliation of "components of historical interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs" herein for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(b)   See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(c)    The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.


Reconciliation of Historical FFO and AFFO:

 For the Three Months Ended For the Six Months Ended For the Twelve
Months Ended
 June 30, 2020 June 30, 2019 June 30, 2020 June 30, 2019 December 31,
2019
(in millions, except per share amounts)  (As Restated)(f)   (As Restated)(f)  
Net income (loss)$200  $216  $386  $409  $860 
Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion389  379  774  759  1,517 
Asset write-down charges3  6  7  12  19 
Dividends/distributions on preferred stock(28) (28) (57) (57) (113)
FFO(a)(b)(c)(d)$564  $573  $1,110  $1,122  $2,284 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)419  418  418  417  418 
FFO per share(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$1.35  $1.37  $2.66  $2.69  $5.47 
          
FFO (from above)$564  $573  $1,110  $1,122  $2,284 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:         
Straight-lined revenue(10) (23) (23) (40) (80)
Straight-lined expense20  24  40  46  93 
Stock-based compensation expense37  32  73  61  116 
Non-cash portion of tax provision5  (4) 9  1  5 
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion13  14  27  28  55 
Amortization of non-cash interest expense2    3  1  1 
Other (income) expense      1  (1)
(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations  1    2  2 
Acquisition and integration costs2  2  7  6  13 
Sustaining capital expenditures(24) (30) (44) (51) (117)
AFFO(a)(b)(c)(d)$609  $589  $1,202  $1,177  $2,371 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)419  418  418  417  418 
AFFO per share(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$1.45  $1.41  $2.88  $2.82  $5.68 

(a) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of FFO, including per share amounts, and AFFO, including per share amounts.

(b) FFO and AFFO are reduced by cash paid for preferred stock dividends during the period in which they are paid.

(c) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

(d) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

(e) For all periods presented, the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding does not include any assumed conversion of preferred stock in the share count.

(f) See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.


Reconciliation of Current Outlook for FFO and AFFO:

 Full Year 2020
(in millions except per share amounts)Outlook
Net income (loss)$903 to$983 
Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$1,454 to$1,534 
Asset write-down charges$20 to$30 
Dividends/distributions on preferred stock$(85)to$(85) 
FFO(a)(b)(c)(d)$2,354 to$2,399 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)   424   
FFO per share(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$5.55 to$5.65 
    
FFO (from above)$2,354 to$2,399 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:   
Straight-lined revenue$(53)to$(33) 
Straight-lined expense$70 to$90 
Stock-based compensation expense$126 to$130 
Non-cash portion of tax provision$(6)to$9 
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$49 to$64 
Amortization of non-cash interest expense$(4)to$6 
Other (income) expense$(1)to$1 
(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations$95 to$95 
Acquisition and integration costs$7 to$17 
Sustaining capital expenditures$(123)to$(103) 
AFFO(a)(b)(c)(d)$2,572 to$2,617 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)   424   
AFFO per share(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$6.06 to$6.17 

(a) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of FFO, including per share amounts, and AFFO, including per share amounts.

(b) FFO and AFFO are reduced by cash paid for preferred stock dividends during the period in which they are paid.

(c) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

(d) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

(e) The assumption for diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding for full year 2020 Outlook is based on the diluted common shares outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and is inclusive of the assumed conversion of preferred stock in August 2020, which we expect to result in (1) an increase in the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding by approximately 6 million shares and (2) a reduction in the amount of annual preferred stock dividends paid by approximately $28 million when compared to full year 2019 actual results.


For Comparative Purposes - Reconciliation of Previous Outlook for Adjusted EBITDA:

 Previously Issued
 Full Year 2020
(in millions)Outlook
Net income (loss)$998 to$1,078 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) net income (loss):   
Asset write-down charges$20 to$30 
Acquisition and integration costs$7 to$17 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion$1,503 to$1,598 
Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments$18 to$20 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs$691 to$736 
(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations$0 to$0 
Interest income$(7)to$(3) 
Other (income) expense$(1)to$1 
(Benefit) provision for income taxes$16 to$24 
Stock-based compensation expense$126 to$130 
Adjusted EBITDA(a)(b)$3,479 to$3,524 

(a)    See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(b)   The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.


For Comparative Purposes - Reconciliation of Previous Outlook for FFO and AFFO:

 Previously Issued
 Full Year 2020
(in millions, except per share amounts)Outlook
Net income (loss)$998 to$1,078 
Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$1,454 to$1,534 
Asset write-down charges$20 to$30 
Dividends/distributions on preferred stock$(85)to$(85) 
FFO(a)(b)(c)(d)$2,449 to$2,494 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)   424   
FFO per share(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$5.77 to$5.88 
    
FFO (from above)$2,449 to$2,494 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:   
Straight-lined revenue$(53)to$(33) 
Straight-lined expense$70 to$90 
Stock-based compensation expense$126 to$130 
Non-cash portion of tax provision$(6)to$9 
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$49 to$64 
Amortization of non-cash interest expense$(4)to$6 
Other (income) expense$(1)to$1 
(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations$0 to$0 
Acquisition and integration costs$7 to$17 
Sustaining capital expenditures$(123)to$(103) 
AFFO(a)(b)(c)(d)$2,572 to$2,617 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)   424   
AFFO per share(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$6.06 to$6.17 
  1. See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of FFO, including per share amounts, and AFFO, including per share amounts.
  2. FFO and AFFO are reduced by cash paid for preferred stock dividends during the period in which they are paid.
  3. Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
  4. The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.
  5. The assumption for diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding for full year 2020 Outlook is based on the diluted common shares outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and is inclusive of the assumed conversion of preferred stock in August 2020, which we expect to result in (1) an increase in the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding by approximately 6 million shares and (2) a reduction in the amount of annual preferred stock dividends paid by approximately $28 million when compared to full year 2019 actual results.


The components of changes in site rental revenues for the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:

 Three Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019
(dollars in millions)  (As Restated)(g)
Components of changes in site rental revenues(a):   
Prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators(b)(c)$1,240  $1,169 
    
New leasing activity(b)(c)94  94 
Escalators22  21 
Non-renewals(47) (44)
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)69  71 
Contribution from straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators10  23 
Acquisitions(e)   
Other   
Total GAAP site rental revenues$1,319  $1,263 
    
Year-over-year changes in revenue:   
Reported GAAP site rental revenues4.4%  
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)(f)5.6%  
  1. Additional information regarding Crown Castle's site rental revenues, including projected revenue from tenant licenses, straight-lined revenues and prepaid rent is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of its website.
  2. Includes revenues from amortization of prepaid rent in accordance with GAAP.
  3. Includes revenues from the construction of new small cell nodes, exclusive of straight-lined revenues related to fixed escalators.
  4. See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein.
  5. Represents the contribution from recent acquisitions. The financial impact of recent acquisitions is excluded from Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues until the one-year anniversary of the acquisition.
  6. Calculated as the percentage change from prior year site rental revenues, exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalations, compared to Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues for the current period.
  7. See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.


The components of the changes in site rental revenues for the year ending December 31, 2020 are forecasted as follows:

(dollars in millions)Full Year
2020 Outlook
Components of changes in site rental revenues(a): 
Prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators(b)(c)$5,012 
  
New leasing activity(b)(c)395-425
Escalators90-100
Non-renewals(195)-(175)
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)295-335
Contribution from full year straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators33-53
Acquisitions(e)  
Other  
Total GAAP site rental revenues$5,337-$5,382
  
Year-over-year changes in revenue: 
Reported GAAP site rental revenues(f) 5.1% 
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)(f)(g) 6.3% 
  1. Additional information regarding Crown Castle's site rental revenues, including projected revenue from tenant licenses, straight-lined revenues and prepaid rent is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of its website.
  2. Includes revenues from amortization of prepaid rent in accordance with GAAP.
  3. Includes revenues from the construction of new small cell nodes, exclusive of straight-lined revenues related to fixed escalators.
  4. See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein.
  5. Represents the contribution from recent acquisitions. The financial impact of recent acquisitions is excluded from Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues until the one-year anniversary of the acquisition.
  6. Calculated based on midpoint of full year 2020 Outlook.
  7. Calculated as the percentage change from prior year site rental revenues, exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalations, compared to Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues for the current period.


Components of Historical Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs:

 For the Three Months Ended
(in millions)June 30, 2020 June 30, 2019
Interest expense on debt obligations$176  $169 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and adjustments on long-term debt, net6  5 
Other, net(4) (5)
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs$178  $169 

Components of Current Outlook for Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs:

 Full Year 2020
(in millions)Outlook
Interest expense on debt obligations$703 to$723 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and adjustments on long-term debt, net$20 to$25 
Other, net$(24)to$(19) 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs$691 to$736 



Debt balances and maturity dates as of June 30, 2020 are as follows(a): 
(in millions)Face Value Final Maturity
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$  2,673  
3.849% Secured Notes 1,000 Apr. 2023
Secured Notes, Series 2009-1, Class A-2(b) 64 Aug. 2029
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2015-1(c) 300 May 2042
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2018-1(c) 250 July 2043
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2015-2(c) 700 May 2045
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2018-2(c) 750 July 2048
Finance leases and other obligations 225 Various
Total secured debt$  3,289  
2016 Revolver  June 2024
2016 Term Loan A
Commercial Paper Notes(d)
2,282
 June 2024
N/A
3.400% Senior Notes 850 Feb. 2021
2.250% Senior Notes 700 Sept. 2021
4.875% Senior Notes 850 Apr. 2022
5.250% Senior Notes 1,650 Jan. 2023
3.150% Senior Notes 750 July 2023
3.200% Senior Notes 750 Sept. 2024
1.350% Senior notes 500 July 2025
4.450% Senior Notes 900 Feb. 2026
3.700% Senior Notes 750 June 2026
4.000% Senior Notes 500 Mar. 2027
3.650% Senior Notes 1,000 Sept. 2027
3.800% Senior Notes 1,000 Feb. 2028
4.300% Senior Notes 600 Feb. 2029
3.100% Senior Notes 550 Nov. 2029
3.300% Senior Notes 750 July 2030
2.250% Senior Notes 1,100 Jan. 2031
4.750% Senior Notes 350 May 2047
5.200% Senior Notes 400 Feb. 2049
4.000% Senior Notes 350 Nov. 2049
4.150% Senior notes 500 July 2050
3.250% Senior Notes 900 Jan. 2051
Total unsecured debt$  17,982  
Total net debt$  18,598  

(a) Does not reflect (1) the July 2020 redemption of all of the outstanding 3.400% Senior Notes due 2021, 2.250% Senior Notes due 2021 and 4.875% Senior Notes due 2022 (collectively, "Senior Notes") and (2) the use of net proceeds from the June 2020 senior notes offering, together with available cash, to redeem the Senior Notes.

(b) The Senior Secured Notes, 2009-1, Class A-2 principal amortizes during the period beginning in September 2019 and ending in August 2029.

(c) The Senior Secured Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2015-1 and 2015-2 have anticipated repayment dates in 2022 and 2025, respectively. The Senior Secured Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2018-1 and 2018-2 have anticipated repayment dates in 2023 and 2028, respectively.

(d) The maturities of the Commercial Paper Notes, when outstanding, may vary but may not exceed 397 days from the date of issue.

 


 

Net Debt to Last Quarter Annualized Adjusted EBITDA is computed as follows:

(dollars in millions)For the Three Months
Ended June 30, 2020
Total face value of debt$21,271 
Ending cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash2,673 
Total Net Debt$18,598 
  
Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2020$831 
Last quarter annualized Adjusted EBITDA3,324 
Net Debt to Last Quarter Annualized Adjusted EBITDA5.6x

Components of Capital Expenditures:

 For the Three Months Ended
(in millions)June 30, 2020 June 30, 2019
 TowersFiberOtherTotal TowersFiberOtherTotal
Discretionary:         
Purchases of land interests$16 $ $ $16  $10 $ $ $10 
Communications infrastructure improvements and other capital projects72 295 7 $374  116 359  475 
Sustaining4 15 5 $24  10 12 8 30 
Integration   $    4 4 
Total$92 $310 $12 $414  $136 $371 $12 $518 

Note:  See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for further discussion of our components of capital expenditures.

Cautionary Language Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This news release contains forward-looking statements and information that are based on our management's current expectations as of the date of this news release. Statements that are not historical facts are hereby identified as forward-looking statements. In addition, words such as "estimate," "see," "anticipate," "project," "plan," "intend," "believe," "expect," "likely," "predicted," "positioned," "continue," "target," and any variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include our Outlook and plans, projections, and estimates regarding (1) potential benefits, growth, returns, opportunities and tenant and shareholder value which may be derived from our business, assets, investments, acquisitions and dividends, (2) our business, strategy, strategic position, business model and capabilities and the strength thereof, (3) industry fundamentals and driving factors for improvements in such fundamentals, (4) our customers' investment, including investment cycles, in network improvements (including 5G), the trends driving such improvements and opportunities created thereby, (5) impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, (6) our long-and short-term prospects and the trends, events and industry activities impacting our business, (7) opportunities we see to deliver value to our shareholders, (8) our dividends and our dividend (including on a per share basis) growth rate, including its driving factors, and targets, (9) debt maturities, (10) strategic position of our portfolio of assets, (11) assumed conversion of preferred stock and the impact therefrom, (12) cash flows, including growth thereof, (13) leasing activity, (14) tenant non-renewals, including the impact and timing thereof, (15) capital expenditures, including sustaining and discretionary capital expenditures, and the timing thereof, (16) straight-line adjustments, (17) revenues and growth thereof and benefits derived therefrom, (18) net income (loss) (including on a per share basis), (19) Adjusted EBITDA, including the impact of the timing of certain components thereof and growth thereof, (20) expenses, including interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs, (21) FFO (including on a per share basis) and growth thereof, (22) AFFO (including on a per share basis) and growth thereof and corresponding driving factors, (23) Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues and its components, including contributions therefrom, (24) our weighted-average common shares outstanding (including on a diluted basis) and growth thereof, (25) services contribution, and (26) the utility of certain financial measures, including non-GAAP financial measures. Such forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions prevailing market conditions and the following:

  • Our business depends on the demand for our communications infrastructure, driven primarily by demand for data, and we may be adversely affected by any slowdown in such demand. Additionally, a reduction in the amount or change in the mix of network investment by our tenants may materially and adversely affect our business (including reducing demand for our communications infrastructure or services).
  • A substantial portion of our revenues is derived from a small number of tenants, and the loss, consolidation or financial instability of any of such tenants may materially decrease revenues or reduce demand for our communications infrastructure and services.
  • The expansion or development of our business, including through acquisitions, increased product offerings or other strategic growth opportunities, may cause disruptions in our business, which may have an adverse effect on our business, operations or financial results.
  • Our Fiber segment has expanded rapidly, and the Fiber business model contains certain differences from our Towers business model, resulting in different operational risks. If we do not successfully operate our Fiber business model or identify or manage the related operational risks, such operations may produce results that are lower than anticipated.
  • Failure to timely and efficiently execute on our construction projects could adversely affect our business.
  • Our substantial level of indebtedness could adversely affect our ability to react to changes in our business, and the terms of our debt instruments and our 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock limit our ability to take a number of actions that our management might otherwise believe to be in our best interests. In addition, if we fail to comply with our covenants, our debt could be accelerated.
  • We have a substantial amount of indebtedness. In the event we do not repay or refinance such indebtedness, we could face substantial liquidity issues and might be required to issue equity securities or securities convertible into equity securities, or sell some of our assets to meet our debt payment obligations.
  • Sales or issuances of a substantial number of shares of our common stock or securities convertible into shares of our common stock may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
  • As a result of competition in our industry, we may find it more difficult to negotiate favorable rates on our new or renewing tenant contracts.
  • New technologies may reduce demand for our communications infrastructure or negatively impact our revenues.
  • If we fail to retain rights to our communications infrastructure, including the land interests under our towers and the right-of-way and other agreements related to our small cells and fiber, our business may be adversely affected.
  • Our services business has historically experienced significant volatility in demand, which reduces the predictability of our results.
  • The restatement of our previously issued financial statements, the errors that resulted in such restatement, the material weakness that was identified in our internal control over financial reporting and the determination that our internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures were not effective, could result in loss of investor confidence, shareholder litigation or governmental proceedings or investigations, any of which could cause the market value of our common stock or debt securities to decline or impact our ability to access the capital markets.
  • New wireless technologies may not deploy or be adopted by tenants as rapidly or in the manner projected.
  • If we fail to comply with laws or regulations which regulate our business and which may change at any time, we may be fined or even lose our right to conduct some of our business.
  • If radio frequency emissions from wireless handsets or equipment on our communications infrastructure are demonstrated to cause negative health effects, potential future claims could adversely affect our operations, costs or revenues.
  • Certain provisions of our restated certificate of incorporation, amended and restated by-laws and operative agreements, and domestic and international competition laws may make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us or for us to acquire control of a third party, even if such a change in control would be beneficial to our stockholders.
  • We may be vulnerable to security breaches or other unforeseen events that could adversely affect our operations, business, and reputation.
  • Future dividend payments to our stockholders will reduce the availability of our cash on hand available to fund future discretionary investments, and may result in a need to incur indebtedness or issue equity securities to fund growth opportunities. In such event, the then current economic, credit market or equity market conditions will impact the availability or cost of such financing, which may hinder our ability to grow our per share results of operations.
  • Remaining qualified to be taxed as a REIT involves highly technical and complex provisions of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. Failure to remain qualified as a REIT would result in our inability to deduct dividends to stockholders when computing our taxable income, which would reduce our available cash.
  • If we fail to pay scheduled dividends on our 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (prior to or in connection with the automatic conversion in August 2020), in cash, common stock, or any combination of cash and common stock, we will be prohibited from paying dividends on our common stock, which may jeopardize our status as a REIT.
  • Complying with REIT requirements, including the 90% distribution requirement, may limit our flexibility or cause us to forgo otherwise attractive opportunities, including certain discretionary investments and potential financing alternatives.
  • REIT related ownership limitations and transfer restrictions may prevent or restrict certain transfers of our capital stock.
  • The impact of COVID-19 and related risks could materially affect our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

Should one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those expected. More information about potential risk factors which could affect our results is included in our filings with the SEC. Our filings with the SEC are available through the SEC website at www.sec.gov or through our investor relations website at investor.crowncastle.com. We use our investor relations website to disclose information about us that may be deemed to be material. We encourage investors, the media and others interested in us to visit our investor relations website from time to time to review up-to-date information or to sign up for e-mail alerts to be notified when new or updated information is posted on the site.

As used in this release, the term "including," and any variation thereof, means "including without limitation."


 CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in millions, except par values)


 June 30,
 2020
 December 31,
 2019
ASSETS   
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$2,514  $196 
Restricted cash154  137 
Receivables, net439  596 
Prepaid expenses137  107 
Other current assets192  168 
Total current assets3,436  1,204 
Deferred site rental receivables1,428  1,424 
Property and equipment, net14,963  14,666 
Operating lease right-of-use assets6,251  6,133 
Goodwill10,078  10,078 
Other intangible assets, net4,626  4,836 
Other assets, net119  116 
Total assets$40,901  $38,457 
    
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$280  $334 
Accrued interest182  169 
Deferred revenues763  657 
Other accrued liabilities333  361 
Current maturities of debt and other obligations99  100 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities307  299 
Total current liabilities1,964  1,920 
Debt and other long-term obligations21,014  18,021 
Operating lease liabilities5,615  5,511 
Other long-term liabilities2,482  2,516 
Total liabilities31,075  27,968 
Commitments and contingencies   
CCIC stockholders' equity:   
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 600 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding: June 30, 2020—417 and December 31, 2019—4164  4 
6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.01 par value; 20 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding: June 30, 2020—2 and December 31, 2019—2; aggregate liquidation value: June 30, 2020—$1,650 and December 31, 2019—$1,650   
Additional paid-in capital17,872  17,855 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(6) (5)
Dividends/distributions in excess of earnings(8,044) (7,365)
Total equity9,826  10,489 
Total liabilities and equity$40,901  $38,457 


 CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in millions, except per share amounts)


 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019 2020 2019
   (As Restated)(a)   (As Restated)(a)
Net revenues:       
Site rental$1,319  $1,263  $2,629  $2,505 
Services and other121  184  232  350 
Net revenues1,440  1,447  2,861  2,855 
Operating expenses:       
Costs of operations (exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion):       
Site rental378  365  752  726 
Services and other108  137  207  261 
Selling, general and administrative164  155  339  307 
Asset write-down charges3  6  7  12 
Acquisition and integration costs2  2  7  6 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion402  393  801  787 
Total operating expenses1,057  1,058  2,113  2,099 
Operating income (loss)383  389  748  756 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(178) (169) (353) (337)
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations  (1)   (2)
Interest income1  1  2  3 
Other income (expense)      (1)
Income (loss) before income taxes206  220  397  419 
Benefit (provision) for income taxes(6) (4) (11) (10)
Net income (loss)200  216  386  409 
Dividends/distributions on preferred stock(28) (28) (57) (57)
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders$172  $188  $329  $352 
        
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, per common share:       
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, basic$0.41  $0.45  $0.79  $0.85 
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, diluted$0.41  $0.45  $0.79  $0.84 
        
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:       
Basic417  416  416  415 
Diluted419  418  418  417 

(a)  See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.


 CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(In millions of dollars)


 Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019
   (As Restated)(a)
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income (loss)$386  $409 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:   
Depreciation, amortization and accretion801  787 
(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations  2 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and other non-cash interest3  1 
Stock-based compensation expense75  62 
Asset write-down charges7  12 
Deferred income tax (benefit) provision2  1 
Other non-cash adjustments, net2  3 
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:   
Increase (decrease) in liabilities27  101 
Decrease (increase) in assets106  (151)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities1,409  1,227 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Capital expenditures(861) (998)
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired(16) (13)
Other investing activities, net(13) 1 
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities(890) (1,010)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt3,733  995 
Principal payments on debt and other long-term obligations(53) (36)
Purchases and redemptions of long-term debt  (12)
Borrowings under revolving credit facility1,340  1,195 
Payments under revolving credit facility(1,865) (1,785)
Net borrowings (repayments) under commercial paper program(155) 500 
Payments for financing costs(38) (14)
Purchases of common stock(74) (43)
Dividends/distributions paid on common stock(1,014) (944)
Dividends/distributions paid on preferred stock(57) (57)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities1,817  (201)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash2,336  16 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(1)  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period338  413 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period$2,673  $429 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:   
Interest paid336  318 
Income taxes paid1  9 

(a)  See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.


 CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS (UNAUDITED)
(In millions of dollars)


SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
         (As Restated)(e)
 Towers Fiber Other Consolidated Total Towers Fiber Other Consolidated
Total
Segment site rental revenues$868  $451    $1,319  $841  $422    $1,263 
Segment services and other revenues117  4    121  181  3    184 
Segment revenues985  455    1,440  1,022  425    1,447 
Segment site rental cost of operations218  150    368  218  136    354 
Segment services and other cost of operations104  2    106  133  2    135 
Segment cost of operations(a)(b)322  152    474  351  138    489 
Segment site rental gross margin(c)650  301    951  623  286    909 
Segment services and other gross margin(c)13  2    15  48  1    49 
Segment selling, general and administrative expenses(b)24  45    69  24  51    75 
Segment operating profit(c)639  258    897  647  236    883 
Other selling, general and administrative expenses(b)    $65  65      $56  56 
Stock-based compensation expense    37  37      32  32 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion    402  402      393  393 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs    178  178      169  169 
Other (income) expenses to reconcile to income (loss) before income taxes(d)    9  9      13  13 
Income (loss) before income taxes      $206        $220 


FIBER SEGMENT SITE RENTAL REVENUES SUMMARY
  
Three Months Ended June 30,
  2020
 2019
  Fiber Solutions Small Cells Total Fiber Solutions Small Cells Total
Site rental revenues$315$136$  451$  306$  116$  422


 

(a)  Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion shown separately.
(b) Segment cost of operations excludes (1) stock-based compensation expense of $7 million and $8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively and (2) prepaid lease purchase price adjustments of $4 million and $5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.  Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude stock-based compensation expense of $30 million and $24 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
(c)  See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of segment site rental gross margin, segment services and other gross margin and segment operating profit.
(d) See condensed consolidated statement of operations for further information.
(e)  See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.

SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS
 Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
         (As Restated)(e)
 Towers Fiber Other Consolidated Total Towers Fiber Other Consolidated
Total
Segment site rental revenues$1,735  $894    $2,629  $1,669  $836    $2,505 
Segment services and other revenues225  7    232  343  7    350 
Segment revenues1,960  901    2,861  2,012  843    2,855 
Segment site rental cost of operations432  302    734  429  277    706 
Segment services and other cost of operations199  4    203  252  5    257 
Segment cost of operations(a)(b)631  306    937  681  282    963 
Segment site rental gross margin(c)1,303  592    1,895  1,240  559    1,799 
Segment services and other gross margin(c)26  3    29  91  2    93 
Segment selling, general and administrative expenses(b)48  96    144  50  98    148 
Segment operating profit(c)1,281  499    1,780  1,281  463    1,744 
Other selling, general and administrative expenses(b)    $135  135      $112  112 
Stock-based compensation expense    73  73      61  61 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion    801  801      787  787 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs    353  353      337  337 
Other (income) expenses to reconcile to income (loss) before income taxes(d)    21  21      28  28 
Income (loss) before income taxes      $397        $419 


FIBER SEGMENT SITE RENTAL REVENUES SUMMARY
  
Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020
 2019
  Fiber Solutions Small Cells Total Fiber Solutions Small Cells Total
Site rental revenues$  627$  267$  894$  609$  227$  836

(a)  Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion shown separately.
(b) Segment cost of operations excludes (1) stock-based compensation expense of $13 million and $14 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively and (2) prepaid lease purchase price adjustments of $9 million and $10 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.  Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude stock-based compensation expense of $60 million and $47 million for the six months ended June 30 2020 and 2019, respectively.
(c)  See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of segment site rental gross margin, segment services and other gross margin and segment operating profit.
(d) See condensed consolidated statement of operations for further information.
(e)  See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information.

Contacts: Dan Schlanger, CFO
Ben Lowe, VP & Treasurer
Crown Castle International Corp.
713-570-3050

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Crown Castle International Corp.
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